The reserve is represented by two cluster areas - Teberda and Arkhyz, which represent together the richness of flora and fauna of the Caucasian highlands.
Teberda Reserve is one of the unique Protected Areas (PAs) of the North Caucasus. Reserve Located in the south of the Karachay-Cherkess Republic (KCR), within the limits of the Main Caucasian ridge. The reserve is part of the International Network of Biosphere Reserves of UNESCO, the Council of Europe has a status. Teberda reserve most visited reserve in the Russian system of protected areas. At the organization of the reserve in 1936, its territory already visited a large number of tourists, and Teberda Dombay popularity continued to grow with the reserve. In 70-80 years. the flow of tourists amounted to 500 thousand. people a year, in 2010 the number of tourists reached more than 200 thousand. man. A large stream of visitors due to the fact that inside the reserve on the territory of the alienated is a popular tourist complex Dombay and resorts in the surrounding areas, the Federal District and n. Arkhyz.
Teberda Reserve organized by the Resolution of the Central Executive Committee of People's Commissars of the RSFSR №40 from January 23, 1936 «About education Teberda mountain acclimatization state of complete reserve».
This is a typical mountainous area with a range of heights from 1260 to 4047 meters above sea level. Where 83% of the territory is at an altitude of more than 2 thousand meters above sea level. The relief of the reserve is strongly dissected and is typical of the alpine landscape of the northern slope of the the Caucasus. To the south is the Main Caucasian Ridge with tops Dombai-Ulgen (4047 m above sea level), Chotcha (3637 m), Sofrudzhu (3785 m), Amanauz (3757 m), Belalakaya (3859 m). To the east stretches Dautsko-Teberdinsky watershed with vertices Nyzyly (3819 m), Kyshkadzher (3820 m), the Devil's Mountain (3150 m) and to the west - Aksaut-Teberdinsky watershed. From the western watershed depart Azgeksky Baduksky and ridges. Land Range, located in the territory of the Teberda Reserve, has a length of 42.5 km. and not only covered by glaciers, but also with eternal snows.
The main morphological feature of the relief area - significant elevation and vertical segmentation Teberdinsky area in relation to others. Here, the height of the Greater Caucasus mountain range reaches a maximum height of 4047 m. (G Dombay-Ulgen). Dozens of other peaks have a height exceeding 3500 m: Boo-Ulgen (3917 m.), Belalakaya (3861 m), Herzog (3863 m), Kyshkadzher (3822 m), etc. .
Sharpen relief causes rapid development of avalanches. Within the reserve there are up to 530 lavinosbrosov of which periodically in the winter and spring break powerful avalanches. Avalanches are born in the upper meadow, rocky slopes, where snow accumulates. Avalanches are a powerful relief-forming factor, introducing during unloading of the slopes a lot of snow and debris.
The rivers and streams in the reserve have snow and glaciers. Total area takes 30 river. On Teberdinsky site they are all tributaries of the Teberda River, Arkhyz site - Kizgich River, which in turn flows into the river Big Zelenchuk. Rivers flow from the glaciers, snowfields and of the lakes. Flowing on the steep slopes, they often form powerful rapids and waterfalls.
According to the latest data on the reserve (including Arkhyz site) concentrated 157 lakes. It is dominated by small lakes, but there are relatively large: Kluhorsky, Murudzhinskoe Blue, Black Murudzhinskoe. The maximum depth of such reservoirs reaches 30-50 m, and the volume of water is enclosed in each of them, more than 1 million m3.
Almost all lakes (except Karakel Tumanlykel and lakes), are at altitudes of over 2,000 meters in circuses and carts on the site of the recently melted or near existing glaciers. Many of them are difficult. Most modern lakes emerged during the melting of glaciers.
Some of the lakes are unique in origin. So, lake Tumanlykel - the rest of the huge dammed lake - preserved through the active influence of avalanches, falling from the steep slopes into the waters of the reservoir and the pouring out of him all the water and lake sediments. Thus it supported by the existence of the lake without any signs of degradation. Lakes such genesis are found in river valleys North Klukhori, quiche-Murudzhu, Gonachkhir.
Especially great aesthetic value of lakes located in the middle of a forest or near the ends of glaciers languages. Badukskie landslide-dammed lake, surrounded by pine forests and birch crooked, Alibekskogo ture Lake near the glacier, a cascade of lakes Kluhorsky combined with glaciers and snowfields are known not only in the Caucasus, but also far beyond.
Total in the reserve (with Arkhyz department) has 109 glaciers. The largest of these valleys, reaching a length of several kilometers and an area of several square kilometers. The largest of these glaciers Amanauzsky length of 4.8 km and an area of 7.1 km2. Other valley glaciers have a length and a smaller area, such as one of the most famous glaciers District Dombai - Alibeksky has a length of 3.7 km and an area of 4.5 km2. Close to the forest suitable languages Alibeksky glaciers Amanauzsky, Hackel (2000 m, 2020 m, 2270 m). When runoff from the rocky ledges bed smooth flow is interrupted and glacier ice falls are formed. Smooth ice box broken longitudinal and transverse cracks, forming clumps multimeter that descend down with a crash. Maximum thickness of ice on the valley glaciers reaches 180 meters at their ends - languages 30-40 m .
Most of the glaciers in size considerably inferior valley and have a long and less than one square kilometer. This cirque glaciers, occupying a niche on the slopes of the mountains, and the hanging, which hang down from the slopes of peaks and valleys.
The glaciers within the reserve are located mainly on the northern slopes of the three ranges: Chief, having an average height of 3600 m, here are all the large valley glaciers; The side having an average height of 3090 meters and passes through the top of Big Brand (3758 m) and Daut (3748 m), is located glaciers of medium and small sizes, mainly cirque, and advanced, having an average height of 3,200 meters and passes through the top of Kyngyr, Chad (3543 m) and Kendellyar-LNR (3416 m), is located only a few small lednichki and snowfields.
The melting of many large and small glaciers, seasonal snowfields provides up to 26% power reserve major rivers Gonachkhir, Dombay-Ulgen, Amanauz, Alibek, Kizgicha.
Mineral springs - traces of past volcanic activity. Within the reserve there are more than 30 mineral water output. Most of them are located in the river valleys Dombay-Ulgen and Alibek and on the slopes of the ridge Mussa-Achitara. The largest mineral springs, carbonated and ferruginous substances known in the valley Goral-Cola.
Teberda Reserve one of the best known and most visited in the system of protected areas (PAs) in Russia. In the area adjacent to the reserve territory there are several settlements, in the resort town Teberda, Dombai and Arkhyz towns operate spa and fitness facilities. Problems of interaction between a protected natural area, the local population and tourism development were and still remain for the Teberda Reserve sufficiently relevant.
Teberda Reserve has infrastructure for the development of eco-tourism: 4 hotels with a total capacity of more than 100 people, 2 summer environmental camps, host of volunteers, including those from abroad, official cordons huts Field works and expeditions, the central manor, where there are: Regional information center visit the museum of nature and open-air cages with representatives of the local fauna.
In the demo captive complex contains 22 species of wild animals, a total of 50 individuals. In 2014, captive complex was visited by over 80 thousand people, which demonstrates the increasing interest of visitors to the protected areas of the animal world, as well as the fact that captive complex nature reserve is an important recreational facilities t/a Federal District & ndash.; Dombay.
Since 2011, captive complex built new aviaries: for lynx, forest cat, raccoon dog, high-hoofed animals. 3 aviary for birds of prey landscaped entrance, fenced area. In 2015, work was completed on the construction of enclosures for bears, wolves and jackals.
In the years 2011-2014. works on capital repair of the departmental reserve hotels: «Woodman House» to reserve Manor, «Woodman House» in Gonachkhir, «Woodman House «Sulakhat» in Sec. Arkhyz.
Hotel forester House «Gonachkhir» located in a beautiful cozy place at the confluence of the rivers and Amanauz Gonachkhir. The three-storey building has a double and a triple room with all facilities for 20 people. Next to the hotel there is parking, pond, sauna. The adjacent area carport for rest and BBQ. The free access to the gorge provided Gonachkhir living as a bonus. The hotel is located at a distance from Dombai 6 km from Teberda - 12 km.
Contacts: tel. 89289096590 Bolatov Baradin.
Hotel forester House «Manor» It is located in the estate of the reserve. The three-story building 30 places to stay, double, triple and quadruple rooms, junior suites. Rooms with all conveniences. There is a kitchen with two banquet halls. The area around the hotel is equipped with a holiday destination, there is a parking lot. Hotel guests have free admission to the Museum of Nature and complex captive wild animals.
Contacts: tel. 8 9283954745 Karaketova Lisa.
Hotel forester House «Dombay» located in the village. Dombay fir on headland. The three-story building 24 places to stay, double, triple rooms. Each room is equipped with a toilet, shower, hot running water. There is a place of rest, parking. Hotel guests have free access to ecological routes Dombai area.
Contacts: Phone: 89283934678 Rusinova Elena
Hotel forester House «Sulakhat» located on the territory of Arkhyz area of the reserve. The three-story building 30 places to stay, double, triple rooms. Rooms are equipped with a bathroom, a shower with hot water, refrigerator. There is a kitchen. The area around the hotel is equipped with a holiday destination, there is a parking lot, sauna. Hotel guests have free access to the route to the Cossack waterfall.
Contacts: Phone: 89281656552 Erkenova Fatima
At the manor of the reserve of the regional information center visit. In the capacity of 110 seats is set presentation equipment conference room. The visitor center is available for meetings, conferences, seminars and other events.
Contacts: Phone: 8 (87879) 51372 environmental department
8 9289263466 deputy director for environmental education Yuri Sargsyan
on the territory of the reserve paid Routes.
Dombay - FRI Polyana - Russian Glade - Chuchhursky waterfall.
The journey takes 5-6 hours
The route operates from mid-May to mid-October.
Payment is conducted at the state inspector on the turnpike, which is located immediately after the clearing LII.
The most beautiful route through the reserve's territory.
The journey time: 11-12 hours round trip
Route length: 9 km
Vertical drop: 600m
. Payment is made on-site gosinpektora.
Gorge Gonachkhir river, lake Tumanly-Kel (Trout)
Car route on the reserve.
Federal District - the mouth of the river Gonachkhir - Lake Tumanlykёl - North Haven.
The length - 32 km, duration - 2-3 hours.
The payment for travel is made at the entrance to the checkpoint at the state inspector.
jamagat Gorge River Dzhamagatskie narzans
Federal District - jamagat Valley - Dzhamagatskie narzans.
The length of - 9 km. Duration - 6-7 hours.
The route passes through the reserve, you can pay at the entrance to the gorge.
Fly River Gorge
Federal District - Mukhina Gorge — Fly River Valley.
Length - 8-9 km, duration - 5-6 hours. Part of the route passes through the territory of the reserve. Payment is made either in the cordon or to the central entrance of the reserve.
The length - 3 km, duration 3 hours.
Visit all year round. Pay a visit to the route is on site at the state inspector of the reserve.
Ecological route «Museum - cages - Arboretum»
The route is located on the estate of the reserve.
The route length of about 1.4 km. Walk 1.5 hours.
At the entrance fee is taken for a visit to the Museum of Nature and enclosures with wild animals. Take the ticket. It will ask at the entrance to the museum and aviaries.