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Saturday, 24 October 2015 23:53

Wrangel Island (nature reserve)

Article

Reserve Management:

Director - R. Alexander Gruzdev

Deputy Director for Economics and Finance - Anna E. Starkov, chief accountant

Head of the core activities - Alexander G. Skripnik

Head of Environmental Education - Berezyuk Lucia Minezhanovna

And. about. chief of the protection of the territory - Denis Vasiliev V.


The reserve " Wrangel Island " include:

- Wrangel Island (geographical coordinates of extreme points: 70 28'12 '' - 71 21'02 '' p. m., 178 45'59 '' in. d. - 177 15'52 '' s. e .);
- Herald Island (71 12'53 '' - 71 15'08 '' p. M., 175 19'16 '' - 175 27'47 '' s. E.);
- The coastal waters of the Chukchi and East Siberian seas 12 nautical miles around each of the islands (Wrangel and Herald).

The reserve is located entirely within the Chukotka Autonomous District.


The existence of a large island in this sector of the Arctic Ocean was predicted MV Lomonosov. In 1763, Michael V. shown on the map of the polar regions to the north of Chukotka big island " equivocal ". Location of the proposed land to be close to the real Wrangel Island. The first European who told the world about the existence of the island, became a lieutenant of the Russian Navy Ferdinant Petrovich Wrangell. European formally discovered the Wrangel Island in 1867, became an American whaler Thomas Long. Knowing geographical works FP Wrangel, Captain Long Island gave the name of a Russian officer.

first settlers of the island were mainly indigenous inhabitants of Eastern Chukotka, resettled to the island for the organization of hunting. Since the founding of the settlements on the island, the island began fishing fox, walrus, polar bears, snow geese, brant.

In 1948, the island was brought a small group of domestic reindeer and reindeer Department organized farm. In addition to the main settlement in the bay Rogers (Ushakovskoe village), in the 60 years on the island was built a second town in the Bay Star doubtful. It was built compactor alternate airfield military aviation (eliminated in the 70s). In addition, at Cape Hawaii was organized by military radar.

At the center of the island near the mouth of the creek Crystal, within a few years was mined rock crystal, which at the foot Perkatkun was rebuilt a small village, then totally eliminated.


The first nature conservation measures were introduced on Wrangel Island has the second chief of the settlement - Aref Mineev Ivanovich, who in 1937 issued a decree forbade fishing fox in the northern part of the island, making this area the reproductive Reserve.

In 1953 Chukotka authorities shall take a resolution on the protection of walrus rookeries on Wrangel Island, and in 1968 organized the island sanctuary for the protection of walruses, polar bears, nesting white goose, black brant and the colonial settlement of marine birds.

In 1975, the island Introduced muskoxen from the island of Nunivak Board and the Magadan region produces land acquisition Wrangel Island and Herald under the future reserve.

March 23, 1976 was signed by the RSFSR Council of Ministers № 189 on the organization of the State Reserve " Wrangel Island ", including Wrangel Island and Herald, to protect the unique natural complexes of the islands.

It was later signed a decree on the organization of Chukotka authorities around the islands conservation zone width of 5 kilometers.

The reserve " Wrangel Island " He became the first Russian Arctic reserve.

During the 1976-78 years on the island was finally liquidated Department of reindeer breeding farms that sprovozhdalos reduction in the number of reindeer to the recommended level of 1,500 ecologists goals, and almost closed the village. Starship. There was also stopped fishing for arctic fox and sea animals, except for a small quotas of marine mammals (seals and walruses) for the needs of the local population indigenous Chukotka (Chukchi and Eskimos).

In 1992, the Wrangel Island was bred air defense company and virtually eliminated military base on the island. In the same year, it was shut down a radar station on the spit Rogers, and the island remained the only town - village Ushakovskoe.

In 1997, the order of the Government of the Russian Federation № 1623-r of November 15, 1997, the reserve area expanded by the inclusion of the waters surrounding the islands 12 nautical miles. In 1999, the waters around the protected security zone organized width of 24 nautical miles.

Creating a vast protected marine area around the islands of Wrangel and Herald provided a high conservation status of a sizeable area of ??the Arctic environmental significance of planetary scale. This act also had a high international and geopolitical importance and has become a significant contribution to Russia in environmental health in the Arctic.


Archaeological and historical objects on the territory of the island

found on Wrangel Island is only one archaeological site - Neolithic site of ancient marine hunters dating from the age of about 4, 3 thousand. years ago, which is located on the banks of the hall. Krasin, at the mouth of the stream, bearing the name of Devil's Ravine.

Historic buildings on the reserve related to the recent history of the discovery and development of the island. They are represented by the remains of the first settlers sites, the ruins of huts of fishers, the next parking expeditions. The surviving buildings of two former villages on the island and the ruins left in place a military base on the heights of Hawaii are also included in the list of historical sites. They retain traces of previous approaches to the development of the Arctic, used in the early to mid-XX century and are expressive illustration of the consequences were certain concept of development of the island.


Tour

The Reserve «Wrangel Island» are identified and priority types of tourism — cognitive (scientific). This excursion organized in such a way as to preserve the land remained untouched, while maintaining its natural look.

ROUTE №1

  • Name of the tour route Environment: «Base «Questionable» - Paleo-Eskimo parking «Devil's Ravine» - «180th Meridian» on the Bay of Krasin - Base «Questionable»»
  • The route: 35 km.

ROUTE №2

  • Name of the tour route Environment: «Base «Questionable» - Spit «Questionable» - Base «Questionable»».
  • The route: 21 km.
  • Method of movement of visitors along the route: ATV or all-terrain vehicle

ROUTE №3

  • Name of the tour route Environment: «Base «Questionable» - Cordon «Tundra Peak» - «Sleepy Head» (Lagoon Nanaun)».
  • The route: 100 km.
  • Method of movement of visitors along the route: all-terrain vehicle.

ROUTE №4

  • Name of the tour route Environment:: Cordon Doubtful - Red Flag cordon - a cordon Average Unknown - cordon Tundra Peak - Sleepy Head.
  • The route: 160 km.
  • Estimated time of the route: a three-day itinerary.

ROUTE №5

  • Name of the tour route Environment:: «Base «Questionable» -kordon «unexpected» - Cordon «Lower Goose» - Cape Rookery - Lake Komsomol - Sleepy Head - cordon «Tundra Peak» - Cordon «Average Mammoth» - Cordon «Questionable»».
  • The route: 350 km.
  • Method of movement of visitors along the route: all-terrain vehicle.

ROUTE №6

  • Name of the tour route Environment:: «Base «Questionable» -kordon «unexpected» - Cape Bird Bazaar - Goose River - cordon «Tundra Peak» - Base «Questionable»».
  • The route: 250 km.
  • Method of movement of visitors along the route: all-terrain vehicle.

ROUTE №7

  • Name excursion ecological routes: : The base Doubtful - cordon unexpected - the river Soviet - Cape Bird Bazaar - cordon Komsomol - Mount Sleepy Head - cordon Peak Tundra - cordon Average Unknown - cordon of Red Flag - Cape Waring - cordon of Red Flag - base Doubtful.
    There is a variant of the route from the cordon cordon Waring dubious one day.
  • The route: 550 km.
  • Method of movement of visitors along the route: all-terrain vehicle.

ROUTE №8

  • Name of the tour route Environment:: «Base «Questionable» - Bay area Krasin.
  • The route: up to 50 km.
  • Method of movement of visitors along the route: Zodiacs.

ROUTE №9

  • Name of the tour route Environment: : «circular route around Wrangel Island to the approach to the island of Herald».
    Landing on the zodiacs for short excursions. The main route for receiving cruise ships in the waters of the reserve. The approach to the island Herald carried out taking into account the real environmental situation to address those responsible for the reception of a cruise ship.
  • The route: 620 km.
  • Method of movement of visitors along the route : a cruise ship.

Contacts

Additional Info

  • Country: Russia
  • State: Chukotka Autonomous Area
  • County: CHaunskij r-n
  • City: g Pevek
  • Street, House: ul Obrucheva, dom 38
  • Postcode: 689400
  • E-mail:
  • Site: http://ostrovwrangelya.org/
  • Phone: (427-37) 4-15-12, 4-15-35
  • Fax: (427-37) 4-15-35

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