The largest rivers of the reserve - Selemdzha (from Evenki " seleme " - iron, steel river), Nora (" Nehru " - grayling) and Burundi - are of the type of mining -taezhnyh flow velocity of 2.5-3 m/sec. , With alternating stretches and swift rapids. Rivers and Chervinko Burundushka - plain, characterized by slow flow and strong meandering. Their valleys abound oxbow, lakes and sources, among which there are many wells thermokarst. Spring floods on the rivers protected almost never happens. However, in July and August, a period of heavy rains, leading to rapid flooding of rivers, in some years, passing in catastrophic floods. On the territory of the reserve Norsk river network density is maximal in the Amur region.
The river valleys Chervinko, Burundi, Burundushka composed of quaternary sediments - mostly gravel and assorted sands. Gentle slopes, flat bottom valleys and watersheds are almost universally armored medium loam capacity of 0.5-4.0 m at a depth of 0.4-2.0 m, which provides a constant surface flooding and waterlogging. Denudation plain with Upland developed on the left bank of the river. Nora in the area of ??the mouth. Meun.
The vegetation of the reserve is a unique mix of boreal (northern) and nemoral (South) floras. Here, light-dock area (middle taiga) and broad-leaved forests (southern taiga); a transitional area where there Siberia, Okhotsk and Manchurian species. Present marsh, forest, meadow and shrub vegetation types.
Forest vegetation covers about 54% of the reserve. The main forest-forming species (ie. N. Edificators-types) - Gmelin larch and white birch. Sparse larch forests with wildlife inhabiting them can serve as reference data of natural complexes in the Amur region. Spring in the larch forests Daurian rhododendron blooms in autumn ripe cranberries.
While the vast open space occupied watersheds severe maryami depleted flora, floodplains affect its richness and diversity. It is here pointed out the majority of the nemoral flora - Daurian linden, maple, yellow, Manchurian ash, elm blade, barberry Amur lunnosemyannik dauricus and Eleutherococcus senticosus, is not inferior to the healing qualities of his famous relative - ginseng. There are plants listed in the " Red Book " - Water chestnut, Cypripedium Macranthos, adlumiya Asian, Japanese pursuit, peony obovoid (" Marin root "), a lot of regional endangered species such as smooth iris, lilies Bush Pennsylvania, Nuphar pumila and others.
To the animal population of the reserve is characterized by a mixture of Norsk 4 types of fauna - East Siberia, Okhotsk-Kamchatka, Daur, Mongol and Manchu. Many species are found here in the border area.
The vast marshy area Norsk reserve-rich semi-aquatic vegetation, interspersed with rivers and lakes, is the perfect summer habitats of deer - the most common ungulate Amur region. Therefore, the area between Nora and Selemdzha «selected» roe as calving and education of the young. But in winter conditions for this animal in the reserve unacceptable - Here too a high level of snow and deer can find food and becoming vulnerable to predators. So every fall begins the most dangerous period in the life of the hoof - migration. Hundreds and thousands of animals dart «their familiar» places and go to the south, where less snow, and thus easier to get food and survive the cold season.
And while replacing roe from adjacent to the reserve down the mighty giant mountains - Elk. It - a real all-terrain vehicle, which transcend any snow or swamp. Not by chance in distant Scandinavia, where many wetlands, and deep snow in winter, people bred elk, using them as horses. And in Sweden in the 17th century there was «elk cavalry» - Special, highly mobile troops moving up on elk. A moose Norsky Reserve attracts a large number of young undergrowth of birch and aspen, which are the main food of the animals in the winter.
Norsky Reserve - the perfect habitat for water and wading birds. Here is the extensive network of rivers and lakes in the entire region. Therefore Reserve becomes a haven for many birds in their Great migrations from summer to winter habitat and back. Geese, ducks, two species of cranes - Siberian crane and gray - We meet here during migration. But for many waterfowl reserve - «sweet home». Here nest goose-swan goose, the abundance of fish attracts winged fearless fisherman - osprey, white-tailed eagle, fish owl, because of his addiction to fish jumping to daily life. And in the reserve is home to the most powerful of our eagles - golden eagle, called for their color golden eagle and the largest of the owls Russian - large owl.
But a special place in the reserve occupied by cranes and storks. Here are found the most northern nesting red-crowned crane and white stork Far East, home to isolated populations of black crane, for its color and called stealth «Crane monk». But the most surprising results of the study the scientists Black Stork - one of the rarest birds of the Earth. As it turned out, in Norsk Reserve highest density habitat of this bird in the world. Study and Protection of the cranes and storks - One of the main objectives of Norsk Reserve.
The main attraction of the reserve is Norsk dwelling is the world's largest group migrating Siberian roe - t. n. Seleindzinski a population of up to 5-7 thous. heads. Letuyuschaya deer in the reserve reaches an enormous density - 40-50 wasps. / 1000 ha. In the middle-end of September, the bulk of the deer away from the area to the southwest, while there is a unique phenomenon - mass crossing of animals through the hole. Only tract " Maltsev Lug " 2-kilometer stretch of the river in the fall and spring, forwarded more than 2,000 deer, up to 300 a day! For the first time in Russia was conducted radioproslezhivanie migrants and tracking them from the plane all the way migration is more than 200 km. Without constant replenishment of commercial herds deer Amur region by Seleindzinski population size of this species in the region would be 1.5 times less than the existing one.
The fauna of the reserve is found 23 species listed in the Red Book of Russia (2001) and the lists of fauna listed in the Red Book of Russia, according to the order of the Russian State Committee on 19. 12. 97 N 569:
1. Relic woodcutter - Callipogon relictus Semenov, 1898
2. Black Crane - Grus monacha Temminck, 1835
3. Sterkh - G. leucogeranus Pallas 1773
4. Japanese (Ussuri) Crane - G. japonensis Muller, 1776
5. Lapwing - Chettusia gregaria Pallas, 1771
6. Far Eastern Curlew - Numenius madagascariensis Linnaeus, 1758
7. Sukhonos - Cygnopsis cygnoid Linnaeus, 1758
8. Red-breasted Goose - Rufibrenta ruficollis Pallas, 1769
9. Mountain goose - Eulabeia indica Latham, 1790
10. Mandarin - Aix galericulata Linnaeus, 1758
11. Kloktun - Anas formosa Georgi, 1775
12. Yellow-billed Heron - Egretta eulophotes Swinhoe, 1860
13. Far Stork - Ciconia boyciana Swinhoe, 1873
14. Black Stork - C. nigra Linnaeus, 1758
15. Sapsan (peregrine falcon) - Falco peregrinus Gmelin, 1788
16. Steller's sea eagle - Haliaetus pelagicus Pallas, 1811
17. White-tailed Eagle - H. albicilia Linnaeus, 1758
18. Golden Eagle - Aquila chrysaetus Linnaeus, 1758
19. Greater Spotted Eagle - A. clanga Pallas, 1811
20. Osprey - Pandion haliaetus Linnaeus, 1758
21. Fish owl (Owl Fishing) - Ketupa blakistoni Seebohm, 1884
22. Owl - Bubo bubo Linnaeus, 1758
23. Siberian Tiger - Panthera tigris altaica Temminck, 1844
Director - Zharikov Alexander G.
Human Resources Specialist - Klimenko Victoria Igorevna
Chief Accountant - Natalia Khokhlova
Deputy Director for Research - Kolobaev Nicholas
Senior Researcher - Konstantinov Stanislav V.
Researcher - Kolbin Vasily Anfimovich
Department of Environmental Education
Head - Vetrov Olga A.
Methodist department - Tatiana Ryzhov
Department of protection
Deputy Director for Conservation - Sukach Maxim S.
Senior Government. the inspector in the field of environmental protection - Kapshuk Alexander A.
Senior Government. the inspector in the field of environmental protection - Mikhail Chernyshov