The reserve is located on the right bank of the river Svir Tracts «Old Number» (59 quarter) to the mouth where the Svir flows into Lake Ladoga. The total area of ??the reserve is 42 390 hectares, of which 5,000 hectares accounted for by the waters of Lake Ladoga Svir lips. The area of ??land stretching from north to south about 41 km, and the widest place - 15 km. The boundaries of the reserve on land designated cuttings, which are boundary signs: signs and notices, warning that there is a reserve.
The boundaries of the reserve:
NORTH - from west to east on the border of Leningrad area with Karelia from the shore of Lake Ladoga western glades blocks 96, 91, North glades blocks 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 25 through Segezhskaya lake, dividing it in half, Western glades blocks 12, 6, 1, glades northern districts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.
East - from north to south at Eastern glades quarters 5,11,17,24,34,46, Northern clearing 59 sq. , continue at R. Svir to the southeast corner (crossing glades) of 73 square meters.
SOUTH - on the southern and western clearing square. 73, Western clearing 71 square meters. 69 square meters. , Eastern and southern clearing square. 68 blocks south cuttings 66,67, skirting the land is reserve. Further, in 66 square meters. the border goes back at R. Svir and extends downstream to river channels. Fox, skirting the island and channels: a. Gnilnoe (sq. 76) on. Hay (q. 87), the upper part of the island and channels Korelka (sq. 142), which are part of the reserve. In the Gulf region and Lahti Zasvirskogo - border passes through their mouth.
WEST - from the R. Svir the fairway channels Fox, below the mouth of the Fox channels in the north-west and north by the waters of the Svir lips Ladoga Lake at a distance of 2.8 km. from the coast to the southwest corner near sea level. CITIC.
The area Nizhne-Svirsky Nature Reserve on the phyto-geographical zoning is in the Valdai-Onega subprovince of the Nordic taiga province, the European taiga region. The general nature of the relief of the reserve - flat.
The relief of the reserve also bears traces of anthropogenic impacts. Throughout the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945, the boundary of the fighting took place on the river. Svir. Its coast is a military fortification, many traces of which are still visible (trenches, dugouts, mound military roads, anti-tank ditches, and so on. D.).
Eco-tourism in the reserve is carried out within the framework of environmental education. Ecological tours in the reserve have their specificity associated with a strict «reserved» regime in its territory, excluding fishing, hunting, picking mushrooms and berries. The reserve held ecological tours and expeditions to do there essential base (complex of residential and ancillary facilities) and equipped ecological paths. <! -? xml: namespace prefix = o ns = "urn: schemas-microsoft-com: office: office"/->
To visit the reserve, you must first send to the Director, an application letter stating the purpose of visit, time, number of people in the group. After agreeing on the program and financial issues - group included in the schedule of the visit.
To conduct complex ekologoprosvetitelskih activities, including ecotourism, ekostatsionar has in reserve, located on the border of the reserve in the village Kovkenitsy. At the same time at the hospital, you can take up to 25 people. Yearly visits to the Reserve 300-400 - mostly high school students, high schools, as well as teachers, scientists, whose work is somehow connected with the protection of nature, environmental education and education.
From this starting five, furnished ecological routes, total length of 93.5 km. Routes are laid in such a way that visitors can more fully acquainted with the natural features of the reserve and thus have minimal impact on its natural systems. At the same time, visitors are given the opportunity to communicate directly with a reserved nature and learn about the principles of the protection of wilderness Russia.
Visit environmental trails possible only with a guide and subject to reserve status: the reserve is not allowed to collect mushrooms and berries, fishing, hunting and so on. d. All household waste the Offered visitors (bags, wrappers, leftovers - submitted to a .)
environmental trails №1
A. Hill - tract " Gumbaritsy "
Its total length - 27 km. Route complex: a large part of the route you must travel by car, others (about 8 km) you can walk. The entire route runs entirely on the territory of the Nizhne-Svirsky reserve. On the way stop provided in the most interesting places. First stop - on the beautiful Gulf of Lahti. Here you can enjoy the marvelous infinite of protected landscapes, enjoy the spring many birds singing and learn about the geology and history of the Bay. The route continues along the coast of the Gulf of Lahti to the second stop in the area of ??Lahti field hospital reserve. Here they live and work in the field researchers of the reserve. The third stop is provided close to the field hospital, where a walking trail leads to the Forest Horse cranberry bog. On the edge of the swamp built an observation tower from which you can observe grouse spring current, gray cranes, and the autumn - a moose or a bear. Next stop is the fourth - a small concrete bridge over the river. Pelchuzhnya. Near the bridge is a beaver dam - Visitors get acquainted with the life of these wonderful animals.
The fifth stop - at the mouth of the same river Pelchuzhni. There is a a gazebo where you can relax, have a snack, watch the surrounding scenery. Next, it is an interesting pedestrian walk along the beach wonderful and mysterious Lake Ladoga. Initially, the route runs along the sandy beach. On the sand, you can see traces of a variety of animals: bears, moose, wolves, wild boars, foxes and so on. D. Often you can watch the flight of many species of birds, including rare - white-tailed eagle and osprey. Beautiful sandy beach, clear water, endless expanses of Ladoga water - It brings visitors to a great aesthetic pleasure.
From the coast of Ladoga trail leads visitors to the forest. There they get acquainted with the unique terrain - a succession of long and narrow sand ridges and wetlands located along the shore of Lake Ladoga, with the history of their formation. with a variety of flora and fauna. The trail ends with the species and undeveloped area on the beautiful inter-ridge cranberry bog. Conversely, to the mouth of the river. Pelchuzhnya is an interesting trail for one of the inter-ridge ridges covered with healing pine forest. It is easy to breathe and not feel tired. After crossing the river on a pontoon bridge Pelchuzhnyu, visitors continue on the path of the bus next to a field hospital of the reserve, located on the bank of the river. Gumbarka. Here, in small and cozy houses, live and work in the reserve staff and scientists -ornitologi St. Petersburg State University. At the mouth of the river. Gumborka on the shore of Lake Ladoga built an observation tower and a wooden path to it. From the tower comfortably watch birds, and even in the late autumn and the Ladoga ringed seal. On this tour ends - on the way back includes three more stops. One of them - in the middle reaches of the river forest Pelchuzhni. On the banks of a small river forest towering giant trees: spruce, slender, stately pines, aspen powerful. Twilight of the ancient forest, the mysterious windbreaks, old strong beaver dams, and the murmur of iridescent splashes of water, bird chatter - all this creates a special " warren " mood. Next stop is at the remains of the structure of the Finnish cinema - witness the events that occurred in the area during the Great Patriotic War.
The last stop on the picturesque high bank at the end of the Gulf of Lahti.
Here you can rest, have a drink from the spring crystal-clear, cool little water, admire the expanses of protected. During the tour, the guide will tell about the reserved system of Russia, about Nizhnesvirsky Nature Reserve, its nature and its inhabitants, and the people who live and work here.
environmental trails №2
A. Kovkenitsy - lake Segezha
The length of the route - 8 kilometers. The entire route is completely passes through the territory Nizhnesvirsky Nature Reserve, in the north-east, the most elevated part of the reserve. Route starts in 57 quarter of the reserve from the road " d. Hill - n. Svirsky ". The peculiar topography of this part of the reserve It was formed by the retreat of the glacier, leaving a meandering river valleys. At first, the trail goes by pine forests, with bilberry spruce undergrowth. Then it descends into a narrow and deep valley scenic forest river Segezhki - the longest river reserve. His beginning p. Segezhka taken from the eponymous lake Segezha and empties into the river Svir. Like all Forest River Preserve - Segezhka densely populated by beavers, whose dams form a set of forest spills - lakes. The fertile floodplain of the river Segezhki busy primeval dark coniferous spruce. Here there are two species of spruce: spruce (it dominates) and Finnish spruce. Just beyond the floodplain Segezhki begins pine forest, through which the trail leads to the raised bogs. On the edge of the marsh is a cozy wooden gazebo. Here, about half of the route, you can relax, enjoy nature. Near the gazebo, across the swampy marsh spanned wooden flooring, after which the path continues at a low mane, covered with various types of pine forests: cranberry, lichen-Hylocomium, bilberry. Every now and then the trail crosses a small lowland sedge marshes. In the spring they are filled with moisture and difficult passable. Summer swamps dry up and do not create obstacles. At the end of a long mane pine trail overlooks the vast bog bordering the lake Segezha. On the border of the forest and swamp thicket of blueberry, wild rosemary, heather. In the swamp variety of cloudberry, cranberry, crowberry. Overcoming the bog, the trail ends at the largest inland lakes of the reserve - Segezha. Its length is about 6 km. Width of 3 km. The lake is shallow. The average depth of 3 meters. . Spring on the lake stops a lot of waterfowl: swans, geese, ducks. On prisegezhskih vast swamps inhabited by gray cranes and various shorebirds. The rich berry marshes attract and brown bear and capercaillie and black grouse and ptarmigan. Through the middle of the lake there is a part of the northern boundary of the reserve. Therefore, the reserve belongs only the southern half of the lake Segezha. The boundary of the reserve coincides with the administrative border of Leningrad Oblast and the Republic of Karelia. On the shore of the lake offers spectacular views of the surrounding countryside. Here you can relax, and in the summer, in warm weather, and take a dip in the lake.
During the excursion to the lake Segezha, in the most interesting places are provided stop. Here, the guide to learn more about visitors of the unique nature and history of the reserve.
environmental trails №3
A. Kovkenitsy - Lake. Syarba
The length - 10.5 km. On the way stop provided in the most interesting places. Environmental trails for cross-country runs. At the beginning of the trail goes on wet pine forests with bilberry-spruce. Next on the young mixed forest, on the site where 30 years ago there were meadows locals. The trail leads to the river inflow Segezhki. A few years here there were lake, formed by a beaver dam backwater. In Lakeland superb duck broods and muskrat. But food supplies ran out, and beavers have moved to a new location, leaving the spring floods washed out the dam. Here and there it remained normal for standing water and coastal plants: calla marsh, bean trefoil, marsh marigold. For easy transition across the stream wooden bridge constructed. Right behind him, on a slope with a rich humus layer of a narrow strip stretches fir grove. This type of forest is rare in poor podzolic soils of the reserve. This is the only route possible to meet all types of pine and spruce forests, marked on the reserve. There are well preserved classic for the middle taiga spruce forests with bilberry and moss cover. In the mysterious gloom among firs giants felt the presence of the mighty Spirit of the taiga. Hanging gray-green beard lichen give a sense of the enchanted forest.
Right on the trail you can find old spruce cones of two types: long, with toothed pointy scales and smaller, with a smooth rounded edge flakes. First owned by Norway spruce, the second - the Finnish spruce. Spring in the trees, you can hear the voices of robins, song thrush, warblers (Warbler and Chiffchaff) or finch. However, most of the year in this magnificent forest is dominated by silence.
Then, the trail leads to a beautiful forest lake Syarba. It was formed in the post-glacial period. Most of the lake is tightened splavinah formed sphagnum moss, twisted and strengthen the roots of sedges. This rocking " platform " The Transitional swamp on which the summer people can freely go to the open water. The lake is small, shallow, but very cozy. Through it flows a winding stream, which flows into the river and then Segezhku.
In the woods around the lake there are preserved from wartime barbed wire. Many here and ruined trenches, dugouts. In the neighboring high places dominated by lichen-green moss pine and pine cowberry. There are also places where there is practically no usual moss-lichen cover. Only young lingonberry bushes cover the ground. Here, dry summer of 1995 passed ground fire. Most of charred trees have fallen, some blackened pines still stand as sad monuments to the recent tragedy.
During the conflagration eco-trail again coming to the creek. The decrease along the creek, where the soil is richer and povlazhnee - growing pine and bilberry dolgomoshniki. As long wooden bridge go swampy floodplain creek. And access to the old forest road, passing through the different ages Pine forest. Here, in the postwar period were logging, and there were fires, which is reminiscent of the remnants of the old stumps and heather. On the roadside there are many " ". porhalisch In these well-heated by the sun wells capercaillie, black grouse and grouse taking sandy " bath ", escape from parasites. More Here are common " forge " hollows and woodpeckers.
That's the last bridge over the river. Segezhku route. Nearby, at the public road route ends.
environmental trails №4
A. Kovkenitsy - tract " New Village "
Starting a route on the border of protected forests and farm fields. There You can find traces of life common to reserve animals bites of goat willow hare and " pokopki " badger and wild boar. Spring in the woods you can hear the discordant birdsong. Brook gurgling voice of a lark over the field. Sometimes soars high in the sky of some predator.
On the entrance to the ecological trail informs an information stand. Immediately behind him - the kingdom of green centenarians. This juniper - usual for northern coniferous forest tree, which can live up to 1,000 years. Along the trail stretch overgrown trenches connecting dilapidated pit. It remains of former military trenches and dugouts. Here the participants will learn about excursions events that occurred in the reserve during the Great Patriotic War.
dugouts and trenches in the sandy soil - very comfortable shelter for birds and animals. They are easy to arrange a fox or a badger hole. Immediately in the open, well-warmed by the sun sand, capercaillie, black grouse and grouse make their " ". porhalischa
In the old days in this area grew mainly spruce forests, but as a result of human activities, they disappeared. Now the trail runs on the left-bilberry pine with fir undergrowth. There are common characteristics to spruce shade-tolerant species, such as starflower, wintergreen, sorrel, moss. Right along the alternate route, young pine and birch forest plots have grown up in the postwar period. In the long anthropogenic impact point of fern thickets of bracken and soft green carpet of hair grass tortuous. During the tour, in the forest, it is difficult to find any animals. But in the wake of their life is easy to determine who lives here. It can be seen as methyl their male marten hunting territory, where they feed the elk, which were collected in the spring hares " play ". You can meet and