The whole area of ??the reserve «Nenets» is located above the Arctic Circle, is washed by the the waters of the Barents and Pechora Seas. The air temperature in the winter is sometimes drops to -46 C. The clear, calm weather you can see the northern lights. In the vast protected area is especially fine. Bright paint heaven reflected in the snow, and there is nothing stopping to admire the spectacle, neither the life of the city, no hum of machines.
Landscapes Reserve presents unique northern Arctic tundra with inherent only to them fauna and flora, with numerous streams and lakes. Pechora delta complexes, according to the Ramsar Convention, the richest in the northeast of the European part of Russia. Here there is a unique combination of modern and ancient delta complexes. In the spring (June), when nature begins to wake up, hundreds of plants bloom and carpet the tundra colored carpet. After a long winter and featureless colors are striking in their brightness.
State Nature Reserve «Nenets» Located in the northeast of the European part of Russia, in the Nenets Autonomous District.
The mainland part of the reserve is located on the northeastern tip of Malozemelskaya tundra occupies Peninsula Russian bloat strip of land up to a width of 20 kilometers along Zakharyin Beach, the mouth of the delta of the Pechora River between channels Tundra Bowl and Big Pechora, part of Delta East Neruta. The territory also includes the islands Kashin Lovetskiy, Green, Green Moura, long (app.) Islands Gulyaevskaya cats, and the islands of the south-eastern part of the Barents Sea - Matveev, Loach, Long, Large and Small Zelentsy.
The water area, which is just over half the size of the protected area, provided Korovinskaya lip Bolvansky lip ten-water areas along the coast Zakharyin, two-kilometer area around the water Peninsula Russian Inversion and all offshore islands. The reserve is divided into four sections - delta p. Pechora Zakhar'in Beach Bolvansky, Island.
The reserve protects part of the most valuable wetland «shadow» the list of the Ramsar Convention - Complex Pechora Delta (Korovinskoe lip delta p. Pechora Peninsula Russian Inversion except Kolokolkovskoy lips) - complex ground included in the list of wetlands proposed for the organization of the second stage of Ramsar sites in Russia.
The Reserve «Nenets» Malozemelskaya located in the tundra. Since ancient times, this area is home to traditional activities for indigenous peoples of the North, the bulk of which are Nenets. Life and culture of the Nenets people left their otchetok in the development of historical and cultural heritage of the reserve «Nenets». Also a great contribution to the development of the territory of the coast of the Barents Sea have many scientists and explorers.
The current territory of the reserve is located on the famous coast-dwellers in mysterious ways Mangazeya, stayed here and fishers-hunters. Of particular importance in the historical and cultural heritage of the island give the Reserve - Long, Matveev, Golec, Big and Small Zelentsy. Their remote location in the Barents Sea makes it possible to combine beauty of the northern tundra and unique cultural and historical monuments that have survived to our times.
The Arctic Islands lie on the route of coast-dwellers at the Vaigach and Novaya Zemlya, which went along the ice edge and was used by industrialists from the XIV century. For Europeans about. Long opened the first Dutch expedition in 1594
repeatedly mentioned protected areas in the notes navigator grade 12 I. Ivanov, who in 1821-1822 and 1824, together with his assistants NM Rogozin and PK Pakhtusov, engaged in detailed description of the delta of the Pechora River, Zakharyin shore and went and made a description of the sea coast to the island of Vaigach.
On. Long is a great place to hide from storms. Already in 1824, I. Ivanov, coming on about. Vaigach, went for a long time to open up the island, discovered Siberian cemetery, which is on the northern tip of the island called Cape North-Salle. And now at this point, you can see the remains of 14 crosses, lined with stone walls.
From ancient times these islands visited by the indigenous peoples of the North - Nenets and consider them holy. At about. Long still preserved two Nenets sanctuaries, which are output at the foot of the rock, which is clearly visible attributes of sacrifice (idols, the skull of a polar bear, reindeer antlers, bones of sacrificial animals).
On. Long for centuries been a traditional place for fishing and hunting sea mammals. In the pre-war Soviet era and about. Long considered a great place for the extraction of marine animals.
Here are preserved Pomeranian 3 encampments, two of which are located salotopnya represents a barrel, and the ship - polutrantsevaya boat near one of them is dug. To this day, the islands remained conspicuous Pomeranian votive crosses.