The Reserve «Malaya Sosva» Located in the Northern Urals in the territory of the West Siberian Plain. The length of the reserve from south to north is about 85 km from east to west in the middle of - 23 km, and in the most southern part of the wide - about 50 km away.
The reserve is located in the condo Sosvinskaya srednetaezhnoj province Ob-Irtysh physiographic region.
The reserve is located in the basin of the Small Sosva - right tributary of the North Sosva, which flows into the Ob River. The total length of the river is about 700 km, of which about 400 km of its middle and upper reaches are within the reserve. Meandering riverbed. Some river loop ends almost merge, forming narrow necks, such as in the Holy promontory. Some rocky shoals at low water turbulent and dangerous. Experienced boaters know them «face» and remember the name - roll Tunja-Vesh («Lick Devil»), Vasilevsky, watching Ryazanov, Tomato and others. As a result of fluvial erosion in Malaya Sosva and some of its tributaries often occurs cleaning the beaches, and are often formed steep, sometimes steep, cliffs dozens of meters. Some of them are referred to as «mountains» and even have their own name - Vaskina mountain, Mount Tunja-Vesh, White Mountain.
Numerous tributaries of the Little Sosva originate in the watershed with Condit, of which the largest river Em-Egan, Potloh, supra-him-Egan, Onzhas, Sote-Egan. Malaya Sosva left tributaries within the reserve are the Yak-Egan, Big and Small Voshlyng-Egan, Egan-Uzyum, Ros-Egan et al.
At the reserve «Malaya Sosva» protected and studied not only natural, but also historical and cultural sites. The reserve is a historical rarity. Previously, there were forbidden «sacred places» Khanty and Mansi.
On the conservation area are well represented uneven traces of life and human activities: settlement, burial, memorial sites, and others. All this evidence (documents) of the past are part of the Historical and Cultural Heritage (ICN) and the need to learn. Thanks reserve status they are protected. Today the reserve objects TSC still poorly researched and the information about them remains incomplete, although there was conducted archaeological research in 1980 KV Garnovskii, SF Koksharov. At the reserve and its buffer zone known historical and cultural sites, as well as non-traditional archaeological objects, primarily - traces of long-standing violations, some of which can be considered as objects of TSC.
Neolithic Site «White Mountain» terrace on the side of the river Em-Egan (guns, fragments of pottery).
«Tuzingort» – ancient settlement Hunt (preserved archaeological sites, residential house, storage shed).
«Shuhtungort» – former settlement of Khanty. Until 1939, it housed the central manor condo Sosvinskogo Reserve later - Shuhtungortskaya downhole station hunting and fur farm (kept separate buildings).
«Old Hangokurt» - An ancient settlement Hunt (preserved archaeological sites).
«Hangokurt» – ancient settlement Hunt (preserved archaeological sites). Former settlement, the central manor condo Sosvinskogo reserve. After the liquidation of the reserve in 1951 some buildings were evacuated in the village. Igrim. Currently, there are several preserved buildings.
The River Em-Egan near the lake. Khan-Tuv (preserved archaeological sites).
Warm Creek (preserved archaeological sites).
«Base» – an old hunting cabin near the mouth of the river Schakna -inflows p. Malaya Sosva (Preserved house).
Cordon «West». Save the following hunting activities Khanty 20th century (destroyed a storage shed, a trap for a bear).
The cemetery of about 30 graves Tuzingorta.
Khanty-Mansiysk cemetery near Tuzingorta.
Khanty-Mansiysk cemetery near Hangokurta.
The cemetery around Hangokurta (graves employees condo Sosvinskogo reserve Vladimir Rajewski, KV Garnovskii et al.).
«holy place» Khanty about Tuzingorta.
Nikita Ivdelsky road - horse winter road from the XIX century to the Ivdel BIRCH. There were transshipment points with Yamskogo huts, the location of which are known today.
«Cape St.» – memorable places associated with traditional beliefs. The Cape is a narrow isthmus, which was used for a long time the population, reducing the path along the river.
The reserve is found 40 species of mammals, 212 species of birds, 1 species of reptiles, 2 species of amphibians, 16 species of fish, 416 species of vascular plants, at least 150 species of mosses, 180 species of lichens, 255 species of fungi and 54 kind of slime mold.
Some of them are typical of the middle taiga of Western Siberia animals: red squirrel, Siberian Chipmunk, brown bear, sable, ermine, elk, grouse, capercaillie, hazel grouse.
There are also species typical of more southerly regions: birch mice, Eurasian harvest mouse, columns, lynx, gray duck, falcon, honey buzzard, kestrel, pygmy owl, nightjar. Swift, a gray-haired, white-backed woodpeckers and small colorful, Wryneck, jay, robin, Eurasian Treecreeper, siskin, grosbeak.
At the same time the reserve is quite common in some species typical of northern taiga and tundra wolverines, reindeer, goose, bean goose, ptarmigan, little bunting. During seasonal movements occur fox and snowy owl on migration - Red-breasted Goose, scaup, long-tailed duck, black scoter, velvet scoter, rough-legged buzzard, falcon, white crane, tailed sandpiper, horned lark, snow bunting.
Most of the elk winter in the reserve is much smaller - in the summer. Some elk leave the reserve and spend the summer in the tundra or on the eastern slopes of the Urals, fleeing there to open and windswept places of mosquitoes.
For the same reason the summer reindeer migrate to the Urals and tundra.
The number of bears in the reserve is fairly stable.
Sable - one of the most common prey animals well adapted to life in the forest conservation.
It is characteristic of the taiga predator malososvinskoy - ermine, whose numbers from year to year varies depending on the amount of small mammals - its main food.
The number of affection, as well as ermine, depends on the number of small mammals.
In the middle of the 90s of the twentieth century on the banks of the Little Sosva and its tributaries came mink Russell from the Urals.
Once a predator - wolverine, often can be found in places of wintering ungulates - elk and reindeer, which she sometimes hunts.
Almost all the rivers of the fish reserve otter lives.
The Fox - normal inhabitant of the reserve, prefers open habitats. It should always be found near roads, roadblocks, on the outskirts of the vast wetlands and lakeshores.
In the past two decades, the wolf has become common for the animal reserve.
There is a nature reserve byway rare flying squirrel, which is a very private life.
Chipmunk is most common in the impassable forests of pine, the old burnt forest and near the forest cordons.
hare - normal, and in some years, numerous inhabitants of the protected area.
very rare animal reserve is the West Siberian Beaver.
Among the carnivorous mammals, the most common and abundant species are moderate and common shrew. In addition they have ravnozubaya, krupnozubaya, small and tiny shrew, common shrew and European mole.
Because of bats in the reserve whiskered bat and northern bat.
The most abundant species among rodents is the red-backed vole. Common gray-sided vole, vole, vole and dark water rat, birch mice. Quite a few are Eurasian harvest mouse and the wood lemming.
Many of the reserve reservoirs lives muskrat, which was released to Malaya Sosva in 1932. The number of its highly variable from year to year and, in general, quite low.
The predominant forest habitats birds: grouse, capercaillie, hazel grouse, common and deaf cuckoo, great spotted woodpecker, black woodpecker, Siberian Jay, nutcracker, waxwing, warblers - accentor and garden, warblers - Warbler, Chiffchaff, green and Talovka, thrushes - chorister , Redwing and temnozoby, and red-flanked bluetail Redstart, gray-and willow tit, nuthatch, chaffinch, finch, common redpoll, crossbill-Elovikov, bullfinch, rustic bunting.
In the spring and summer, the most rich in species composition of birds in riparian habitats. There are common shorebirds: the carrier and the Sandpiper, waterfowl: goldeneye, tufted duck, teal, pintail, mallard, as well as white and gray wagtail, warbler - garden and warbler, chickadee burogolovaya, nuthatch. In the floodplain lakes and rivers found Bean Goose and whooper swan. In the swamps you can often see waders: Wood Sandpiper, Greenshank and snipe.
In the snow season, from November to April, the reserve can be found 4 species of grouse, 4 - woodpeckers, 6 - owls, northern goshawk, and 14 species of passerines. Among the most noticeable grouse, grouse, Great Spotted Woodpecker, Siberian Jay, nutcracker, burogolovaya and Tit, common redpoll, crossbill-Elovikov.
The reserve is found 22 rare species of protected birds, including three species - red-breasted goose, white-tailed eagle and Siberian Crane, listed in the IUCN Red List, 96, Red Books of Russia and Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District, 8 species - small swan, osprey, golden eagle, merlin, peregrine falcon, oystercatcher, owl, great gray shrike - in the Red Book of Russia and Khanty -Mansiyskogo District; the remaining 11 species - Red-throated Diver, bean, common scoter, common honey buzzard, spotted eagle, falcon, gray crane, long-toed stint, curlew, Ural Dipper, Ural chernogorlaya accentor - in the Red Book of the autonomous region.
The two amphibian species - Siberian salamander and moor frog, live near water in the lakefront, oxbow lakes, rivers and streams.
lizard - a fairly abundant species of open habitats, it is the only representative of the reptiles in the reserve.
From fish pike are common, ordinary (gold) and silver carp, perch, ruff, dace, roach, ide, and minnow. Some rivers have burbot, minnow and grayling. In recent years, the waters of the reserve appeared bream eastern acclimated in the basins of the Ob and Irtysh. Because of valuable fish species are very rare Tugun or Sosvinsky herring, peled; known individual visits to Malaya Sosva nelmy.
A varied world of invertebrates reserve is poorly understood. Found some insect species that are rare and are included in the Red Book of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - swallowtail, black cumin and marble Edda trifiza eastern, blue shirt, Jose scale is large and others.