The reserve is located in the southeastern part of the Magadan region, near the northern coast of the Sea of ??Okhotsk, on the territory of Ola and Srednekansky areas. The reserve consists of 4 sections: Cava Chelomdzhinskogo, Ola, and Yamskogo Seymchanskogo. All sites are far away from each other, are difficult, they have no settlements, transport routes; They are very different from each other in relief, climate, flora and fauna. The central manor of reserve is located in the regional center - the city of Magadan (100-650 km from the site).
Cava CHELOMDZHINSKY SITE
Protected River - Cava and Chelomdzha - at the confluence of the river Tauy form, is the largest river system Tauisk. Chelomdzha originating in the upper reaches of the Okhotsk-Kolyma Range, has a length of 215 km and is entirely included in the reserve. The most significant of its tributaries flowing through the reserve - Mans Elgendzha, Hetandzha, Kuta - a length of 40 to 70 km. All the rivers region have a pronounced mountainous character. An exception is the Kava River, which in its middle and lower reaches flows through the swampy lowlands. In this part of Cava for slow, low coast, winding track, the bottom is sandy, grassy places.
On Chelomdzhe are among the largest in the north-coast of the Sea of ??Okhotsk ecologically undisturbed spawning chum and coho salmon. In the upper reaches of Cava rises early for spawning chum salmon in the river Chelomdzha - late. From October to May, the foundation area make the fish population grayling and communicating loaches, with Malm prevails in Chёlomdzhe and brown trout - in the Cave. At Cava Chelomdzhinskom area inhabited by both species of amphibians Northeast Asia - Siberian Siberian salamander and frog
Among the birds is home to the red-and black-throated diver, red-necked and Horned Grebe, Whooper Swan, taiga bean goose, teal, pintail, wigeon, shoveler, mallard, tufted duck and the sea, the American black scoter, goldeneye, medium and large mergansers and smew. The lakes are located between the rivers large Linnik whooper swan. In the middle reaches of Cava in the reserve there is an isolated center of nesting white-fronted goose. Only in the valley Chelomdzhi far discovered sedentary populations of the common pikas.
The most typical representatives of wintering birds - nuthatch, pow, long-tailed tit, bullfinch, waxwing, tap dance, Schur, woodpeckers (three-toed and small pied). Common ptarmigan, capercaillie, and hazel grouse. There are black woodpecker, crow, kuksha gray shrike. On freezing all winter shallows Chelomdzhi get food brown dipper and mountain grouse.
In the valleys of major rivers has the highest density and diversity of species of mammals. There are common shrew (average, krupnozubaya and ravnozubaya), forest voles (red and reddish-gray), root vole, chipmunk, rabbit - hare, squirrel, flying squirrel, brown bear, fox, sable, ermine, mink (introduced) otter, moose. Wolf and Wolverine are common, but few in number. From the south-west along the coast of the Sea of ??Okhotsk here penetrate Far East Asian shrew and wood mouse. The pool Chelomdzhi inhabit 3 types of bat (Daubenton's bat, Brandt's bat and brown long-eared bat). In the valley of Cava common muskrat, in recent years it has penetrated and Chelomdzhu. The rivers and mountain taiga landscapes found reindeer.
Since the beginning of the course of salmon fish in the river comes Tauy common seal (Larga). On gravel and sand spits at the confluence of cava and Chelomdzhi spotted seals form rookeries each year, numbering from a few to several dozen animals. After reaching spawning salmon Larga sometimes rises upstream Chelomdzhi up to 150 km from the sea (to the influx Huren).
Yamskaya area (mainland)
Yamskogo portion of the reserve is located in the valley of the lower reaches of Pit - the largest salmon river Okhotsk coast - 180 km east of Magadan and 20 km from the small village Yamsk. The need to create a protected area is due to the growth of Siberian spruce, which is widespread throughout Siberia and in the Magadan region grows only in the valley of the Pit. Within the reserve spruce forests spread between rivers and Hurchan Halanchiga. The «Yamskogo spruce island» Spruce does not form pure stands, as part of the mixed stands, formed by other tree species - larch, poplar, chosenia, boled willows, alders and stone hairy birch.
In addition to the centers of Siberian spruce growing on the site Yamskogo reserve protected spawning Pacific salmon - chum and coho salmon, which are considered the largest in the northern part of the Okhotsk Sea. Chum salmon spawning migration begins in early July and ends in late August - the beginning of September. Its peak is at the end of July - the beginning of August, when the spawning passed an average of about 180 thousand. individuals. Pink salmon spawning grounds located in the Pit to the influx Alut above the reserve. In floodplains and Halanchiga The cold - two high-water tributaries Pit flowing within the reserve - Coho salmon are spawning. In total fish fauna Yamskogo area naschi & shy; Tuva 17 species. Unlike Kava-Chelomdzhinskogo area, there is no nine-Amur smelt and East Siberian grayling presented instead Kamchatka subspecies.
On Yamskaya area marked 90 nesting bird species, among them wintering - ptarmigan, hawk owl, three-toed woodpecker, pow. Among the migratory widespread hobby, Shrike, spotted cricket, red-breasted flycatcher, Yurok, little bunting. Semi-aquatic species of fauna make up one third of the list. For the most part it is also a widespread species such as black-and red-throated diver, whooper swan, teal, scaup, Red-breasted Merganser, osprey, the carrier, common gull, common tern.
Among the species that live only in the Far East, on Yamskaya area inhabited by capercaillie, black scoter American, harlequin duck, Steller's sea eagle, Far Eastern Curlew, Korol'kova warbler, rubythroat.
From insectivores and rodents live here and ravnozubaya average shrew, squirrel, chipmunk, flying squirrel, red and red-and-gray vole, wood lemming, tundra vole. From lagomorphs - hare and northern pika. Predatory - fox, otter, brown bear, sable and ermine. Wolverine and mink are not rare in the valley of the Pit. In summer, the forest and meadow floodplains common bats: Brandt's bat and brown long-eared bat.
Yamskogo plot (Yamskogo island and the peninsula Pyagina)
Yamskogo islands are rock outcrops rising from the water in the 10-15 km from the coast of the peninsula Pyagina in the northern part of the Okhotsk Sea. Archi & shy; Pelago consists of two large islands - Matykil and Atykan and three smaller - Baran and Hatemalnyu Kokontse, is a huge rock. The islands are separated from one another by 1.5-10 km.
The island Matykil - most studied island of the archipelago. On the north side of the island there is a bay, protected by the rocky promontory of the northern and north-easterly winds. This is the only place on the island, where quiet days can be done «dry» disembark and put a few tents. Terms of disembarkation - dangerous, besides, on the narrow coastal beaches periodically falling rocks. In wet weather increases the intensity of rock falls.
In the area Yamskie islands located at the exit of Shelikhov Bay, says the highest concentration of plankton in the Sea of ??Okhotsk, and the Gulf belongs to one of the most productive waters of the oceans. Colonies of seabirds, totaling up to 6 million. Specimens are present in all the islands of the archipelago. The largest colonies are located on the island of Matykil - nest here 12 species of seabirds, the total number of 4.7 million. specimens. The basis of the colony (the largest in the Sea of ??Okhotsk) auklets-up crumbs. Bazaars formed auks (guillemots, spectacled guillemot, lund, Horned, auklets-chips, large auklets, parakeet auklet), gulls (Pacific gull and kittiwake vulgaris), petrels (fulmars) and Baklanov birds (pelagic cormorant). This settlement spectacled guillemot - the largest in the northern part of the Okhotsk Sea and the settlement fulmar - the largest in the Sea of ??Okhotsk and the second largest colony in Asia (after Rasshua island in the Kuril Islands). A distinctive feature of the colony of fulmars on Matykil is that many couples make their nests on the pillow-proliferation of golden root (Rhodiola rosea).
On the eastern tip of the island located Matykil most northern Sea of ??Okhotsk sea lion rookeries, and several holostyakovyh rookeries, sea lions that form under the age of reproduction. On the island you can meet bearded seals rookery, located in the southern part of the island on a narrow, highly elongated pebble beach framed by steep cliffs. Elsewhere, the island bearded zalёzhek not form, but they can sometimes be found in water in various parts of the coast of the island.
According to recent reports, the island Matykil found 140 species of vascular plants. Flora Yamskie island evolved under the constant influence of seabird colonies - This explains its depleted and features. Plants on the island have adapted to the conditions of breeding colonies - grassy meadows that cover a large surface slopes, have a characteristic form: here Langsdorf reed grass forms a hummock with a base to 1 meter. The lower part of the cliffs covered cushion growths Rhodiola rosea - the so-called «rodiolovy belt». In such «beds» gladly arrange nests fulmars.
The least studied part of the reserve - territory on the peninsula Pyagina a narrow strip of sea coast from Cape Japan to Cape Black 1 km wide and 51 km long with breaks. Forest vegetation on the peninsula is absent. Among the mammals are the most common brown bears.
Seymchansky site is located in the continental part of the region, on the left bank of the Kolyma River, 100 km below the village Seimchan. Seymchansky land reserve «Magadan» – it is the only protected area in the basin of the Kolyma - the largest river in the Far East.
frame lowland protected area is quiet outline. The tops of the hills on the northern and western periphery of the area are located at elevations of 350 to 750 m. Cables mountains, passing in the Kolyma River floodplain terraces, crosses several streams originating in the mountain site in the watershed of the Kolyma River, and White Night. From Seimchan-Buyundinskoy trough to the Yakut village Zyrianka for almost 500 kilometers along the Kolyma floodplain stretches the world's largest underflow talik width of 5-6 km.
In the riverine forests of middle and high floodplain dominated chosenia, sweet poplar, willow tree (Schwerin, boganidskaya, dewy). On staropoymennyh areas dominated by mixed larch-beloberёzovye and mature larch forests. The floodplains are found grove forest Betula platyphylla growing Asian cherries, mountain ash Siberian. In the undergrowth floodplain islands average common Rosa acicularis, svidina white currant Ribes triste and-spruce grouse. The herbaceous cover is dominated by meadow horsetail, reed Langsdorf, kopёvnik spear-shaped, red wintergreen, Mehring bokotsvetnaya, sedge and other pale. It is noted plant widespread in Priohotsky area, but find themselves in the valley of the Kolyma River in the position of relics of other climatic epochs - knyazhik Okhotsk trientalis europaea, hawkweed umbrella, gentian trёhtsvetkovaya and others. In the valleys of small tributaries krupnokustarnikovye grow willow and marsh larch.
The species composition of fish fauna Seymchanskogo area is fundamentally different from other parts of the reserve. The list includes 25 species of freshwater fish, most of which are widespread in the waters of Siberia, but does not penetrate into the Okhotsk Sea river basins. On line the ducts and the Kolyma common pike, perch, burbot tonkohvosty, catostomus Siberian Siberian dace, minnow river; there ruff, Siberian char, whitefish valёk. On the rapids and mountain tributaries kept flax and East Siberian grayling. In the oxbow lakes and thermokarst live Yakut crucian carp, perch, lake minnow.
On the site root taiga nesting species such as the capercaillie, hazel grouse, eagle owl, black woodpecker, three-toed woodpecker, Siberian Jay, Siberian Tit, Nuthatch, and of migratory - red-flanked bluetail, spotted horse, Yurok, red-breasted flycatcher, little bunting and some others. A characteristic feature of Seymchanskogo area and adjacent areas of the Kolyma River Valley - diversity and a relatively high density of nesting birds of prey - Goshawk, Sparrowhawk, Harrier, Hobby. The island also osprey nests flood plains, and from nocturnal predators - boreal owl, hawk owl, great gray owl and short-eared owl.
Here you can find shrew, hare, northern pika, squirrels, chipmunks, red and gray and red voles, fox, brown bear, wolverine, sable and ermine. Dwelling on the site belongs to a large moose subspecies Kolyma. In forest and meadow floodplains live brown shrew, flying squirrel, North Siberian vole, otter and lynx. To this list can be added and two American species introduced by more than half a century ago, and is well accustomed to the Northeast - muskrat and American mink, which are found in all parts of the reserve taiga.
Ola site is located in the south of the Magadan region at a distance of 100 km from the regional center and occupies the western part of the peninsula Kony. The northern, southern and western boundaries of the site are on the coast of the Sea of ??Okhotsk, east crosses the peninsula from north to south from the Cape to the mouth of the river Flat Antara. Beautiful, sheltered elfin wood coat the mountains and rocky loach stained snowfields, mountain rivers and lakes, traces of ancient human settlements - all this Koni peninsula, located just 50 kilometers from Magadan Ola area in the territory of the reserve «Magadan». The tops of the mountains of the peninsula rises to 1300-1500 meters above sea level, the most significant of them - Rocky Mountain height 1548 m. high ridges are traces of ancient glaciation. Geological attraction portion - schists, overlooking the coast near the mouth of the river Antara. The appearance of the landscape is enlivened by rocky ridges, glacial cirques, alpine lakes, and waterfalls.
The interior of the peninsula - very remote areas, surrounded by slopes of high mountains - striking in its pristine silence. It is home to lemingovidnye voles, pikas, Rough-legged Buzzards nest.
All the rivers Peninsula originate in the mountains and have a pronounced mountainous character. They have a lot of rapids, flow, width and depth of a small, rocky bottom. River rapid, often change course and not navigable even for small boats. The largest of them Hindzha and Burgauli. In the coastal and littoral waters are found to 70-80 ships, including fishing, species of fish. Pentagonal numerous hairy and spiny crabs, common sea urchin and mussels.
The sea climate and mountainous terrain of the peninsula define originality of its vegetation. There is no completely dominant in the Magadan region larch, huge areas are covered cedar thickets, and for the coastal slopes of the mountains are characterized by clean kamennoberezniki. In the valleys there are wonderful fragrant groves of poplar and Chosenia substituted in the upper reaches impassable thickets of alder and cedar. This is one of the most unique parts of the northern coast of the Sea of ??Okhotsk, the most distinguished of all the Magadan region plant diversity, which included - endemic areas and various relics of different ages and backgrounds, many of which are included in the regional Red Data Book. In the spring the slopes of the peninsula fascinate variety of blooming rhododendron, Rhododendron and Cassiopeia. The forests are rich in berries, mushrooms.
On the coast of the peninsula with picturesque coves and rocky headlands is always teeming with life: Bighorn sheep grazing, hunting fox and ermine, Steller's sea eagle nests. However, the true owner of the peninsula - brown bear. Most of these predators is going in the summer, during spawning - clumsy approach to river mouths to eat pink salmon. In the coastal waters of the peninsula Three species of seals: Larga, ringed seal and bearded seal. Large concentrations of spotted seals off Cape Alevina marked, in the mouths of small rivers and streams and the Cape Flat - 300-400 individuals in the form zalёzhki protruding rocks at low tide during the course of the pink salmon.
On the rocks of the coast has 48 seabird colonies - mainly kittiwakes and Pacific gulls.