1. Department of Environmental Education
Tel/fax: +7 (81536) 5-72-81, cell phone: +7 (921) 164-64-04
- environmental classes
2. Department of sightseeing and tourist activities
Tel/fax: +7 (81536) 5-95-02, cell phone: +7 (921) 283-03-31
Reception: +7 (81536) 5-80-18
Lapland Nature Reserve is situated in the center of Murmansk Region, Monchegorsk nearest town is 10 km from the north-eastern border of the reserve, along the eastern border passes highway St. Petersburg - Murmansk. The reserve is represented by one section, along with the security zone of the reserve area of ??about three square kilometers. This is the fourth largest State Nature Reserve in the European part of Russia. A characteristic feature of the reserve is that before the creation of the reserve on its future territory never lived people who are not engaged in production activities, so almost all the territory of the reserve is represented by wild untouched nature - the main value of the reserve.
Lapland Nature Reserve is located at 120 - 180 km north of the Arctic Circle, so that in winter while the sun is never shown. The duration of this period depends not only on the geographic latitude, and the height above the ground point. On the edge of the solar disk Chunozere last time in the year is shown above the horizon at noon, December 7-10, and the first sunrise occurs 2-4 January. On clear days, snow-capped mountains in the darkest time in the afternoon light up a pink sheen.
Summer summer solstice leaves a strong impression. Polar day in the reserve lasts about 46 days, the white nights begin in late April and ends in mid-August.
Northern Lights or flashes (in Lappish - «vauvskaz»), a beautiful and remarkable phenomenon of the northern winter. Shine can be seen from the end of August, when the nights are dark enough, and until mid-April.
The main mountain range reserve, Chun-tundra, stretches from north to south about 40 km. Translated from Sami Chun-tundra can be translated as the «Goose Mountain» («chuan - means goose). The main peak Chung-tundra Ebr Chorro, reaches 1114 meters above sea level and is one of the highest peaks of the Kola Peninsula. Name Ebr Chorro is «Rain Ridge».
Monche-tundra translated from Sami means «beautiful mountains», located in the north-east of the reserve, separated from Chung-tundra passes, pulled from the southeast to the northwest. Her three highest peaks reaching 900-950 meters above sea level. Chun-tundra and tundra-Monche, stretching along the eastern border of the reserve, are a natural barrier to anthropogenic impacts, including air pollution and violators reserve status.
Monche-tundra and located north of its shared Tundra Wolf Lake Vaykis. The reserve includes the southern part of the tundra Wolf Tundra Wolf with the top of 934 meters.
Nyavka-tundra were located in the center of the reserve, its main peak of Pel-pahk («Screech vertex») has a height of 685 meters. To the west of Nyavka-tundra, across the river Nyavka are Big and Small Nyal-tundra («Pestsovoye tundra»), Pel-tundra.
In the north-western part of the reserve located Greasy tundra with the highest peak Elgoras, 997 meters above sea level.
The reserve has eight lake-river systems, several rivers from source to mouth occur in the reserve. As part of the watershed of the reserve runs the White Sea and the Barents Sea. The largest nature reserve in the water system of the river Chong, which flows into the largest lake reserve Chunozero. The river flows out of Lake Nyavka Nyavka having a cross-shaped, very fine with a large area (about 8 sq. Km).
Coast lakes are usually rocky, steeply into the depths, and only the bottom is covered with sticky gray or greenish sludge - «nyashey». At these lakes almost no aquatic vegetation, fish from here live grayling, brown trout, brook trout sometimes. To this type of lakes are Lake Vaykis, Ohtozero, Chunozero, Chingls Yavr, Elyavr.
Glacial lakes are characterized by shallow depths, the shore they sloping, sandy and rocky or eroded peat bog, the bottom is sandy or silty. Underwater vegetation is relatively rich. Depth depends on the size of the water: for Lake Nyavka they reach 10, to Kenzis-Jarve and Seydozero - 5-6, on Lake Kupis, Rumeli-Jarve and Tulp-Jarve - 2-4 meters.
Of the vascular plants growing in the nature reserve, 5 species included in the Red Book of Russia:
- woodsia alpina;
- polushnik lake;
- cotoneaster cinnabar red;
- calypso onion;
- Dactylorhiza Transhteynera.
The animal world
The reserve is home to 31 species of mammals, including:
- brown bear;
- American mink;
- The European beaver;
- hare hare;
- Norwegian Forest and lemmings.
In the reserve due to conservation activities, thrives Scandinavia's largest herd of wild reindeer, it now numbers more than 1,000 animals. European beaver, whose population in the Kola Peninsula was destroyed in the 19th century, was reakklimatizirovan in Lapland Nature Reserve in the early years of the reserve, its numbers have stabilized.
Birds living permanently in reserve and nesting, migratory and noted on the flight, there are 198 species.
Typical for the region are considered to be 5 types of chicken:
- white and tundra partridge.
5 species of large birds of prey nesting in the reserve, listed in the Red Book of Russia:
- merlin falcons and peregrine falcon;
The harsh living conditions allow only 20 species of birds spend the winter on a regular basis, 22 species overwinter only in the presence of feed (woodpeckers, crossbills, owls and others).
More than half of the birds nesting in the reserve are migratory and leave for the winter in Western and Southern Europe:
- red-and black-throated diver;
- whooper swan;
- Goose Bean;
- thrushes Fieldfare and Redwing;
- pied flycatcher;
- ordinary tap dance;
- Merlin and others.
In the reserve live two species of reptiles: viper and lizard;
One species of amphibians — grass frog.
Of the 15 species of fish in the reserve, six belong to the family of salmon, common are pike, perch, whitefish.
The reserve is virtually the only place on the Kola Peninsula, where still lives in some rivers and streams pearl European - shellfish, listed in the Red Book of Russia.
February 1, 2007 the reserve was created in Lapland sightseeing and tourist department. Since its opening reception of visitors is conducted throughout the year.
It is necessary to remember that a regime of strict protected area allows visiting the protected area only with permission of administration of the reserve.
tourist activities are permitted only in the form of environmental educational tours, accompanied by guides of the reserve.
To book a tour, you will need to contact the excursion and tourism department of the reserve:
- tel/fax + 81536 59502, mob. tel. + 7921 2830331
and agree with a guide day tour and make a request.
You can also fill out an application for a tour on the site of the reserve.
Guides will send you a response - confirmation with a reminder of the tourist tours.
To get to the manor Chunozerskoy - the venue of the tour you can by car (for individual tourists) or pre-order a bus (for groups).
Entry to the reserve is on the 371 km route Murmansk - St. Petersburg, or 1222 km of Saint-Petersburg - Murmansk (the barrier near the bridge of the river Chong).
The time of the tour - 2,5 - 3 hours.
Time of the excursions 10, 11, 12 hours. Possible excursions on weekends.
Depending on the time of year there are thematic excursions.
From mid-June until late autumn.
You can walk along the ecological path «Elnyun-II», see the changing vegetation zones, «mutton foreheads» and old-growth forest. Climb to the top of the mountain open your eyes wonderful panorama. The trail is equipped with decks, signs, information boards and a gazebo for relaxing.
From December to January.
Manor awaits you at Christmas and New Year meeting. You can make a fascinating journey through a winter forest, accompanied by fantastic characters, pogreetes campfire in the tent, find and solve traces of the forest inhabitants, learn about the hidden eye-life flora and fauna in the winter.
The highlight of the program will be meeting with Santa Claus, which is only once a year leaves his troubled forestry, to congratulate you on the main holiday of the year.
In February roll kids to celebrate the Broad Maslenitsa. You check your knowledge of the popular will and the traditions and history of the reserve, its flora and fauna, compete in strength and agility. By an old Russian custom of fun accompany the winter, spring meet.
From March to April real researchers of nature can participate in tours «Spring Awakening Nature», walk along ecological path «To stream Elyavruay», learn about the everyday life of waking forest dwellers, the birds, nascent plant life.
The path is illuminated, make a bridge over the creek.
From mid-May to June Guided tours «Pending summer». You will see how the forest awakens, the first mushrooms appear - line, hanging on the branches «linyushki» - Scraps of light fluffy fur hare. Early June - it's time to breeding in forest dwellers.
During the tour you will visit.
- the first director of the Museum Reserve GM Kreps, where you talk about the difficult history of the reserve, its organizer and first director of craps, the heroic people - enthusiasts of nature conservation
- The Museum of OI Semenov-Tyan-Shan, the patriarch of nature conservation, the chronicler of northern nature, who has devoted 60 years of his life and scientific activity in the Lapland Reserve
- Visit - center, where you will be shown films about the reserve, offering creative assignments and quizzes for children's groups
- Chum, where you will hear the beautiful Sami legend, and get acquainted with the rites of the indigenous inhabitants of the Kola Peninsula
- In the summer and fall for ecological tour you will be guided on the path Elnyun-II (for 3 kilometers);
- The path to the creek El Yavr-Wye is waiting for you in the spring and winter.