The reserve is divided into three clusters: two on the island of Kunashir and one on the islands of the Lesser Kuril Ridge - Demin and debris.
The sanctuary is located on the following islands of the Lesser Kuril Ridge Green, Yuri, Tanfil'ev, Polonsky, Anuchina, part of the island of Shikotan and several other small islands.
The reserve is located within the North Pritihookeanskoy physiographic country Kuril physiographic region, the South Kuril province, the South Kuril and Malokurilskom District, Kunashir and full-Tanfilevskom area.
The west coast of the island of Kunashir is washed by the warm Soya. On the ocean side of the island along the south-westerly direction at a speed of 10-30 cm/s moving stream of cold flow Oyashio. In the area of ??41-43 seconds. sh. he meets with the warm Kuroshio Current. In the area of ??water mixing occurs in a vertical take-away surface layers of nutrients, which creates favorable conditions for fish feeding.
The reserve consists of 3 clusters of two on. Kunashir (Tyatinsky (north) and Alekhinskoye (southern) areas) and one on the islands of the Lesser Kuril Ridge Demin and Fragments (land «Small Kurils»).
Along the land borders of protected areas located on Kunashir, it is a security zone. Along the borders of the reserve is a one-mile maritime security zone.
Tyatinsky section located in the northern part of the island. It contains the following objects:
- Volcanic Ridge Dokuchaeva (altitude 900-1180 m above sea level), with its highest peak - Ruruy volcano (1486 m).
- Daddy Volcano (1819 m) - the second largest volcano of the Kuril Islands and the highest point of Kunashir.
- Tyatina River - the largest river island.
- Avian waterfall. The most powerful waterfall of the island, the height of 12 m. It is situated on the river Bird.
- Neskuchenskie sources - hydrothermal vents at the foot of the volcano Ruruy.
- Lovtsova Peninsula, located to the north of the volcano Daddy. From the main part of the island it is separated by a low isthmus Kruglovskaya.
Alekhinskoye section is located in the southeastern part of the island Kunashir. It differs from Tyatinskogo smaller topographic height difference. The basis of the plot is the caldera of a volcano Golovnin, the bottom of which There are four small domes and two crater of the explosion, one of them is Lake Boiling, in the northern part of the caldera lake is hot.
To the north is adjacent to the caldera Sernovodsk Isthmus, most of which takes Sandy Lake. South departs narrow and low-lying peninsula Veslovsky.
In the buffer zone area is Cape Alekhinskoye Stolbchaty Stolbovskaya and geothermal sources.
Plot Lesser Kuril Ridge is characterized by a small area and height islands, which are a continuation geomorphological peninsula Nemuro (Hokkaido). It includes two groups of small islands Demin (13 islets and rocks) and the islands of debris. The group of islands includes the islands Shards Fox and bumps and rocks: The cave, Sail, Spark and Kira, a total of 12 islets and rocks. The boundaries of this area are on the Pacific coast.
The volcano Golovnin (547 m) named after VM Golovnin. A significant part of the caldera floor is occupied by Lake Hot. In the center of the caldera lake is bubbling and two extrusive domes Central East and Central West; in the north-western part of the caldera is Poduschechny dome and in the south-east - Steep.
Mendeleev volcano . The top and the Pacific slope of the Mendeleev volcano is out of the reserve and its buffer zone, Okhotsk Sea slope - in the protection zone. On a slope, 1 km from the mouth of the creek Snake, from left its shores for 20 meters out Stolbovskaya thermal water sources. On the beach it is unique in its geological structure Cape Stolbchaty. The pillars are four, five, and hexagonal prism, which comes to a diameter of 0.5 m. There are the following parts of the Cape: «Bastion», «body», «Turtle», «Bridge». At the southern end of the Cape is a free-standing group of rock rests - Feathers rock or Guardians (monks).
Volcano Ruruy (1485 m) is located on the site Tyatinskom reserve.
Volcano Daddy (1819 m) is located on the site Tyatinskom reserve. It is one of the most beautiful volcanoes in the world. The second largest volcano of the Kuril chain (first - Alaid, 2339 m, the island Atlasova). Rivers, basically, mountain, small, stretching up to 20 km. Many of them are spawning. In the spring the level of the river rises slightly, flooding is observed. The rise of the water level takes place mainly after passing typhoons.
River Tyatina. It is located on the reserve. It is the longest of all the watercourses of the island.
River Saratov. It flows in the north-eastern part of the island and flows into the South Kuril Strait. Fish fauna of the river is represented Ketoi, salmon, Kunj, lamprey, Malmo, 9-needle stickleback.
River Bridge (reed). For this river forms the border buffer zone of the reserve. It originated from the pass Bamboo and flows into the South Kuril Strait. At a distance of 500 m from the mouth of the river empties into the creek Bridge Rogachev. Ichthyofauna presented salmon, Keta, Kunj, Malmo.
Sernovodka River. It passes through the protective zone of the reserve. It is a duct that connects the island with sandy South Kuril Strait. On the river fish (smelt Asian, rudd, brown trout, chum, pink salmon) runs into the creek and lake Sand Bath. The lake empties into the creek hatcheries.
Andreevka River. It is located in the buffer zone of the reserve. Start taking the slope of the hill Vorobiev and flows into the South Kuril Strait. At 150 meters above the mouth of the waterfall there is a first. 400 m from the mouth there is a second waterfall. Ichthyofauna presented salmon, Keta, residential form of Dolly Varden, Kunj, in the spring to spawn comes toothy smelt.
Klebnikov Creek is located in the buffer zone of the reserve, on the southern tip of the island of Kunashir, flows into the Gulf of cheating.
Golovnin River is located in the buffer zone of the reserve, in the southern part of the island of Kunashir, originates from the southern slope of the volcano Golovnin. The river empties into the Gulf of Treason South Kuril Strait. On its path passes through three settlements - Oak Village, a military garrison and the village Golovnino. Ichthyofauna presented salmon, Keta, Kunj, Malmo and Sakhalin sculpin.
Hay River runs through the buffer zone of the reserve and in the southern tip of the island Kunashir. It originates from the foot of the volcano Golovnin and empties into the Gulf of cheating. Ichthyofauna presented Ketoi and pink salmon.
Within the reserve is six lakes: Sandy, Wilderness, hot, boiling, Urvitovskoe and Williams. The biggest area lake on the island and in the reserve - Sandy Lake. The deepest lake of the island - Hot Lake (depth 62 m) and boiling (depth 16 m).
Ecological and hiking trails in the South Kuril area
In the South Kuril area are the following types of eco-tourist routes:
1) Fixed routes in the reserve,
2) Routes of the buffer zone of the reserve,
3) The routes on the reserve,
4) Other routes
1) Fixed routes in the reserve (Kunashir Island)
On the territory of the reserve allocated two routes to visit the territory of the tourist and ecological tours
- Route №1 - " Caldera volcano Golovnin " - passes through a country road passing in blocks of 100, 99, 98 South Kuril forestry (buffer zone of the reserve), crosses the boundary of the reserve at the junction blocks 67-58. Further along the road takes place in blocks 67, 66 reserve, ending up at the foot of the Boiling Lake Basin. Coast of lake Hot in blocks 66, 67 is allocated for recreation.
- Route №2 - " Vulcan Daddy " - runs along the coast, part of the buffer zone of the reserve, the mouth of the Rush-up river Saratovka, then along the buffer zone to the boundary block 316. Further, the bed of the stream and Landmark barranco Daddy volcano to its summit.
Every visit these routes on the reserve drawn pass , with mandatory coaching, include the rights and living conditions of the route, which are determined by the director of the reserve for recommendations of the Scientific and Technical Council, also organized support group inspector of protection of the reserve or a guide.
2) Routes in the buffer zone of the reserve (Kunashir Island)
Route №3 - «Nature trail «», Stolbovskaya starts with 17 km of road Yuzhno-Kurilsk - Golovnino. A visit to the ecological path free. At the request of visitors accompanied by staff organized reserve.
3) Routes territrii reserve (Shikotan Island)
A visit to the reserve may unaccompanied employee Reserve (Reserve), but with his knowledge. Get to Shikotan possible by boat from Sakhalin and Kunashir or pontoon to Kunashir. In the reserve you can visit several routes of varying length and inaccessibility.
4) Other routes
If you have planned a route does not run through its territory, its buffer zone or in the reserve, then it can be freely predvigatsya continuing to observe the border regime, safety and environmental regulations.
A detailed description of eco-tourism routes in the reserve and the reserve "Caldera volcano Golovnin"
The reserve "Kuril".
The route to the caldera of a volcano Golovnin begins at 42 km village road. South Kuril - n. Golovnino. The length of the route to Lake Boiling - 6 km. Along the road in the beginning grow oak, maple yellow, iezskaya spruce, fir Sakhalin, dimorfant seven-bladed, Aralia high, ipritka volosistoplodnaya. Some ate like cobwebs covered with filamentous lichen usnea. Often trees are intertwined with vines - Hydrangea robur, ipritka East. The route continues in coniferous forest of fir and spruce. On the slopes of the hills are spread bambuchnika field. Found on the roadside alder Maksimovic, Siebold poplar, willow Hulten, creeping cedar. And when you climb to the crest of the slope of a volcano Golovnin, then your eyes gaze at CALDERA - tsirkoobraznaya depression on the top of the volcano with steep walls and a flat bottom. The unique landscape - bright green vegetation, blue lakes, and in the distance - whitening mountains of Japan. Inside the caldera grow coniferous forests, thickets of cedar and rosemary, birch, Hydrangea paniculata, found a rare Spruce Glen. There is also a kurchavenky oak, mountain ash mixed, wild cherry (Sakhalin and the Kuril).
The reserve "Kuril" Visit the route can only be accompanied by a guide or a guide, specially trained in FGBU " reserve "Kuril".
The route passes through the reserve & ldquo; Kuril & rdquo; and its buffer zone. First, the road goes along the coast of the ocean in a dense sea sand. It is necessary to cross the river Kamysheva, Saratov, Tyatina (largest river island) Nochka. After the river Tyatina path continues along the old road to the Japanese m. The Landmark, and then up the creek watershed and along the gully through thickets bambuchnika. Gradually becoming less overgrown, you go to the bottom of a large, covered with slag ravine. Upstairs, where it ends, you will see the black slag field, with whitish skeletons of trees - a forest, who died in July 1973. If the visibility is bad (fog, cloud layer) in this area is very difficult to navigate; you must leave the label for the return journey, to find exactly the raspadok for which it's best to go back to the sea. If the visibility is good, then your eyes open crater Brave (about 650 m above sea level), from which the release of scoria and ashes during the last eruption. At 100 m above - partially covered it releases a small crater border guards. Next to the edge of the Somme ascent goes through a long slag language. This is the hardest part of the route.
climbed to the crest of the Somme, you will see the atrio - ring the valley, encircling a young volcanic cone rising in the heart of the Somme. Last jerk - the rise of lava flow cone to the edge of the main crater Tyati takes about 40 minutes and the same - the descent to the atrio. To feel the warmth that gives the surrounding area a volcano, hot enough to touch the clay outcrop on the edge of the crater.
Notes to route "Vulcan Daddy":
- The route " Vulcan Daddy " - Increased complexity, to people with a good physical preparation. Sprovozhdenie (conductor) is required on the route!
- route using motor boats are made only if the weather at sea.
- The cost of the route does not include meals.
- You should take the necessary equipment - rainwear, tents, sleeping bags, personal first aid kit, and so on. d.
- The presence of a gas burner cans and cooking - is necessary.
- All the versions of this route are listed below:
- Route 1 - the boat in one direction to Cape Landmark
- Route 2 - Boats to m. Landmark Return
- Route 3 - ATVs to cordon «Saratov» («Tyatinsky») and back ( temporarily closed)
- Route 4 - ATVs to cordon «Saratov» («Tyatinsky») in one direction ( closed temporarily)
- Route 5 - car + pedestrian march to the mouth. Vinay
Description of routes on the island of Shikotan
The territory "Small Kurils"
Bay Shore High, rugged and rocky, covered with bamboo-meadow grasses. With views of the several small islands. Along the bay there is a dirt road a little further Cape Crab. On the slopes distinguishable segments of the old Japanese way. The name of the bay and the peninsula is given in honor Dimitrov Georgy Mikhailovich (1882-1949) - a prominent Bulgarian politician.
The road to the bay Dimitrov starts with a flap from the road pos. Malokurilskoe - pos. Krabozavodskoe Pleasing in the Bay area. After 7.6 km on the road is the old Japanese cemetery. To get to the observation deck above the bay near the river. Aerodrome possible by car in 30 minutes. Chance of descent to the ocean shore, which flows into several streams.
The name given to the bay by American fishers in 1872, fleeing from the storm in it on the ship «Dolphin».
In the fall of Bay Village. Krabozavodskoe boat, 1-1.5 hours. The course, depending on the load and wind. Perhaps watching whales and seals. Another way you can get to the bay by land transport terrain.
Capes crab and end of the world
Cape Edge Light - brand on. Shikotan. Long sleeve cape juts far into the sea. Painting the way to it, it is through the Cape Crab, which is an active lighthouse Shpanberg 1943 g. buildings.
The route to the Cape Edge of Light begins from the village. Malokurilskoe. The road goes up Unloading Bay (13 kilometers), then the path to the Cape End of the World (30 min. Walk). You can spend the night on the road in the bays Soldier and unloading.
From the cape to the End of the World Church of the bay can be reached within 2 days of quiet running.
Its beautiful bays and islands. Interesting story and nearby objects: larch forest, a place of the former Japanese settlement, mountains solid tori and Tomari. In this bay there is a house built by the inspectors reserve. Origin of the name of the bay are not clear.
The route starts in the bay of the village. Krabozavodskoe. Part of the way (1 hr.) Can be overcome by car-road, then walk. The whole journey takes 4.5 hours.
The car stops in front of the pass between the mountains of Tomari and solid tori, which go up to 50 minutes. From the pass you can climb the mountain. Next, the path is on the road along the mouth of the creek and after 1.2 hours. The yield on the beach, in the bay of Ecclesiastical. From the confluence of the creek to the sea to the house, located in the southern part of the bay to go yet to be about 1 hour. – the road goes along the coast and through the woods.
Church of the bay can do radial trips to the larch forest (40 min. Walk) past the mountains Briusov (219 m) and to the Cape Voloshin (more than 1 day).
In addition to road and pedestrian way to travel all the way to boo. The church can be overcome on an ATV.
The bay is beautiful vistas along the road, stone-birch forest, open hilly landscape, islands juniper. Origin of the name of the bay are not clear.
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