State Nature Reserve " Koryak " It was established December 26, 1995.
The reserve is located in Penzhina Olyutorskii and Koryak regions and is located in two geographically different areas (section 3). Plot " Parapolsky dollars " in the basin of the Sea of ??Okhotsk covers the basin between the Koryak Upland and Penzhina ridge. The other two sites are located on the coast of the Bering Sea and present mining and primoskie landscapes eastern spurs of the Koryak Highlands.
The reserve was established for the protection of places of mass flight and nesting waterfowl (Parapolsky dollars), coastal and marine ecosystems of the south of the Bering Sea, with large seabird colonies; as well as the whole complex ecosystem of northern Kamchatka.
The number of clusters 3 (Parapolsky long - Kuyul River Valley and the surrounding mountains, Cape Goven on the southern half of the peninsula Gauvin with adjacent waters; Lavrov Bay on the coast and in the waters of the bay of the same name).
The territory of the region " Parapolsky fraction " classified as wetlands of international importance (Ramsar Convention - Parapolsky dollars).
The vegetation cover is typical of the reserve berengiyskoy forest tundra. The mammalian fauna Koryak Reserve has 35 species, of which 2 imported by — gray rat and house mouse. Off the coast of the peninsula Gauvin holds 6 species of marine mammals. Almost all the rivers of the region are the spawning grounds for salmon.
Land «Parapolsky» stretches along the vast lowland swampy and heavily dissected by wide river valleys. The relief is gently undulating.
Land «Govensky» It is located within the range Pylginsky that characterize the steep slopes and rocky steep walls, sharp ridges and peaks. Its territory is washed by the waters of the Gulf of Corfu and Olyutorsky relating to the pool of the Bering Sea. North-western shore of the Gulf Olyutorskij within the boundaries of the reserve - a mountainous and steep. He dissected several bays, the largest of which - South Deep, Lavrov and doubts along their shores mountains very close approach to the sea and steeply to the water.
Quite a diverse fauna. From carnivores reserve most common brown bear and a fox. There are also wolves, sable, wolverine, ermine, weasel, river otter, arctic ground squirrel, moose, bighorn sheep. The latter is represented here endemic subspecies of the Koryak Upland.
In the Bering Sea the case of mass Clearances Arctic ice to the south, and with them the drift of polar bears. Korf Bay is the summer feeding area walruses.
From seabird colony forming, found yellow-billed loon, Pacific black brant, lesser white, Aleutian Tern, and others.
What to watch
Kamchatka - a wonderful, fabulous region and Koryak Reserve - is no exception. On the coast of the Bering Sea can be seen making a din rookeries, located on the coastal rocks. And if you're lucky, watch the game and marine mammals such as the spotted seal, sea otters, sea lions. In June it begins spawning salmonids, which also makes an indelible impression.
The pearl of Kamchatka hot springs found Cape Gauvin. Sources are located on the southern shore of the lagoon, and the water in them with a characteristic odor of hydrogen sulphide reaches a temperature of + 37 & deg; C.