State Nature Biosphere Reserve «Commander» named SV Marakova - the largest marine reserve in Russia. The area of ??protected sea area of ??more than 3 million hectares.
The reserve was established in 1993 to preserve the unique natural complexes and objects of the Commander Islands, the traditional way of life of indigenous peoples of - Aleuts.
Commander Islands, where he is - is Commander-western tip of the Aleutian island arc of the island, covered the history of the Age of Discovery and a haven for seabirds and marine mammals. Big Island, Bering and Copper, and two tiny islands, Toporkov and Ary Kamen, - unique creations of nature and landscape in its appearance, and the abundance of living on their birds and mammals.
Thousands of colonies of sea birds, breeding grounds of marine mammals, sea otters, whales, island foxes form - the main objects of protection and study of the reserve astonishingly varied and the number of!
Of the 10 species of pinnipeds North Pacific in the reserve account all 10! Constantly live and multiply 4 types: the northern sea lion - sea lions, northern fur seal, Anthurium, Larga.
One of the world's largest marine mammal rookeries - Business Card Commander Islands. On the beaches of the island in the northern part of Bering Island housed two large rookeries of marine mammals. Here, in their natural habitat, can be guaranteed to observe seals, sea lions, sea otters and Anthurium.
In the vicinity of the islands of the sea giants roam the expanses of the sea - whales. In the waters of the reserve recorded 21 species of cetaceans (this is 1/4 of all known cetacean in the world). The most numerous species - humpback whale, sperm whale, killer whale, northern floaters, Dall's porpoise, minke whale. The water area marked rare - Japanese whale and gray whale.
On the Commander nest more than 1 million sea bird colonies. In total, the breeding, wintering and seasonal migrations recorded 219 species of birds, 37 of which are included in the Red Books of different levels. Commanders - the only place in Russia where the breed are a red and glaucous-winged gull Govorushko - typical representatives of the North American fauna.
stay on the territory of state natural reserves of persons who are not employees of reserves or officials of the Ministry of Russia, is only allowed with a permit. To visit the area of ??economic use in the northern part of Bering Island (North and North-West rookery of marine mammals, Lake Sarah, the village of Nikolskoye, Podutesnaya Bay and Old Harbour) does not require authorization or approval of the reserve. To visit the buffer zone, protected area or protected waters of the State Nature Biosphere Reserve «Commander» you need a permit.
For ships carrying cargo to the village of Nikolskoye, or transit passage through the waters of the reserve required to obtain a written authorization to applications to visit the waters of the State Reserve «Commander» prescribed form. Application for permission to visit the waters of the reserve may be filed:
- Email: ostrova. ohrana @ gmail. com ;
- fax fax +7 (41547) 22-225, 22-155;
- writing: 684500 Kamchatka Krai, Aleutian district, village. Nikolsky Street. Gagarin, 4.
A certificate for the implementation of the resolution of transport operations do not include a visit to the buffer zone of the reserve. Permit to enter the waters of the reserve for the purpose of transport operations is issued free of charge.
For individuals (locals and tourists coming to the island on their own) to visit the northern part of Bering Island (North and North-West rookeries of marine mammals) permit the reserve is not required. However, nautical excursions, or trips to the southern part of the island must be to issue a permit to visit the reserve.
The locals and tourists, independently arriving at Bering Island, can get permission to visit the territory (water area) reserve in the department of protection of the protected area at with. Nikolsky Street. Gagarin, 6 (on direct treatment without first filing). Permits shall be issued upon presentation of identification documents (with the exception of residents of the village Nikolsky).
Phone protection service: + 7-963-832-04-65
Hours Protection Department: 9. 00-18. 00, Lunch: 13. 00-14. 00, Closed: Saturday, Sunday.
If you are traveling as part of organized groups on a yacht, boat or other means of sea, to visit the reserve is necessary to issue the following documents.
tour operators, travel agents and other legal persons, is performed by professional tourist activity to obtain a permit to visit the reserve, necessary to issue the relevant documents. Permission to visit is made upon consideration of the application and signing the contract.
The administration of the reserve organizes excursions and provide other paid services.
To preserve the pristine condition of nature in some parts of the island are closed to the public. In April and May, during the breeding of the reindeer, the territory of the reserve is closed to tourists. During nesting seabirds in June, for a tour visiting the island Toporkov closed.
How to get
State Nature Biosphere Reserve «Commander» Located on the Commander Islands - the most western islands Commander-Aleutian volcanic arc that separates the Bering Sea and the Pacific Ocean.
Commander Islands consist of two large islands: Copper and Bering. Copper Island, the 70-ies of the last century, is not habitable, but on Bering Island is the island's only town - Nikolskoye. Administrative Commander Islands belong to the Aleutian region of Kamchatka Territory.
We are always happy to guests and those who are going to us the first time, happy to tell you how to get on the Commander Islands.
The first step is to arrive in the city of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. From this city there are several ways to Nikolsky. The fastest way - airfare. It takes three o'clock (with a stopover in n. Ust-Kamchatsky).
Travel by boat from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky to village Nikolsky a passenger ship «Vasily Zavoiko» in good weather, it will take 36 hours and in bad - a few days.
There is also an option to get to the Commander Islands on a yacht. If not her, you can rent it in the Sailing Federation of the Kamchatka region. However, it is important to know that a large part of the Commander of the archipelago takes State Nature Biosphere Reserve «Commander», including a 30-mile protected waters around the islands. To stay in the waters require a permit.
Where to Stay
In the village of Nikolskoye no hotels and cafes, and because of the harsh climate and predictable bad weather tent can not be regarded as the main lodging option.
Most of the tourists coming to the island stops in the private sector. You can always ask for help in the reserve, and we'll try to find you the hospitable house, where you will be accommodated and, if desired, arrange catering. In the village of Nikolskoye many shops and you will easily be able to cook for themselves. But if you like something special, it is better to stock up on this continent, as the range of food on the island is limited.
If you need help with accommodation, we recommend that you contact the reserve beforehand as to «high season» (August-September) can be difficult to locate, even in guest houses of local residents.
On the island, there are huts, including those built by local people - fishers. They can always sit back and wait out the bad weather.
Services private baths are not very developed, but on the weekends working rural public bath.
Residents of the village Nikolsky very hospitable and helpful, and always ready to help!