Kivach Reserve — one of the oldest in Russia and the first in the republic of Karelia. Established by decree of the Council of People's Commissars of the Karelian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic June 11, 1931. The reason for creating probably served as a waterfall Kivach Reserve gave a short sonorous name.
The reserve is located in the Kivach Kondopoga region of Karelia, occupying only about 2% of its territory, about 20 km from the town of Kondopoga and 80 km from the city of Petrozavodsk.
In the reserve Kivach waterfall is formed by the fall of the river Suna. There Suna, one of the largest rivers in Karelia, crosses the ridge of diabase encountered in the Precambrian period. Below the ridge river deepened its bed, post-glacial erosion of loose sediments of the lake. Water falls from four stages. The total height of the fall of the upper mirror of the river to the lower — 10,7 m.
In According to linguists, the name of Kivach is either on the Finnish kivi — stone or on the Karelian kiwas — Mountain snow. Waterfall Kivach long considered the largest plain waterfall in Russia and second largest plain waterfall in Europe after the Rhine (Rhine River, Switzerland).
The is now bygone power of the waterfall lost. Due to built up the Girvas downstream of the dam now Kivatch water gets just a 30 kilometers of the river.
The modern waterfall, losing much in the size and the power is not have lost their unique beauty is the most famous and accessible waterfall in Karelia.
The reserve is a network of ecological routes, which allows organized groups of tourists get acquainted with the main types of vegetation, characteristic landforms, typical and with rare species of flora and fauna.
Visit environmental trails possible only if compliance with reserve status, in the a guide-wire of the number of employees of the reserve, and on preliminary applications, which can be done by contact phone number (museum reserve).
The optimal number of tourists in the group — 10 - 15 people. Stay on the taiga area includes special equipment Visitors — sports, hiking clothes and shoes, personal protection mosquitoes and mites.
All the ecological routes — hiking, day, but have different length and the degree of difficulty. In request with view phenological season and the time available we can always choose the most appropriate option for a particular group.
Most of the routes are available to visit only May November.
The most popular routes
Route №1. Sopohsky boron. It starts with central clearing reserve has a length of — 2,5 km, introduces the natural complex of water-glacial plain: sandy elongated ridges — eskers overgrown ship harmony pines, and to depressions — cloudberry bogs and the forest Lambushka — Wonderful. Available for visit all year round.
Route №2. Key swamp. Starting at Sopohskom forest, introduces the the major forest types of water-glacial plain: moss pine forests, mixed grass mixed forests, fir prirucheynymi; with typical and a very rare species of plants ( including orchid family) and animals, and ends at key swamps with sources of glandular healing water — unique natural complex reserve. The length of the route — 6 km.
Route №3. Spruce forests on the bank. Suna. M begins at outskirts para. Kivach, has a length of 5 km, introduces the natural complex moraine plains: raw reap, pine forests lichen on the tops of the rocky ridges, transitional bogs, old-growth fir of the banks of Suna, with & nbsp , aquatics and near-water area of ??the river (via the path runs along the river suspension bridge) and m. d.
Routes to more over his laid on cuttings and the old forest roads. Forests and the marshy areas are stored in the its natural original form, and not are in the traces of human presence.
EXCURSION BY PHONE:
8921 804 60 12
8921 226 15 29
Finding the reserve shall be allowed only with a ticket for paid services or consent of the administration of the reserve.
At the reserve Kivach, including the Museum of Nature in the open air, operates special protection established by the Federal Law of 15. 02. 1995 №33 & ldquo; On specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation & rdquo;
In the museum under the open sky you have the opportunity to visit:
Waterfall Kivach - Arboretum - Museum Reserve & ldquo; Kivatch & rdquo;
To visitors in the center of the reserve, on the area adjacent to the a waterfall excursion highlighted area. An area of ??9 hectares consists of the waterfall itself, dendrokollektsiyu, nature museum, a monument to soldiers who died in the the reserve of the Great Patriotic War. There are also some elements of consumer sphere and destinations: parking lot, power point, souvenir stalls, pavilions, slopes to the waterfall, viewing platforms, toilets. Here you can relax, enjoy the noise of falling water and get information on the nature of the region.
The excursion area of ??the reserve receives tourists all year round and at any time. Museum Hours: winter months (October-April) — with 10 to 17 hours, summer (May-September) — with 9 to 21 hours. In preliminary applications can receive visitors in the after hours. Excursions covers all demonstration sites (Museum of Nature, dendrokollektsiyu. Kivach waterfall). The within the excursion area and installed information booths tablets for the convenience of self-examination.
Visit the excursion area of ??the reserve is paid.
EXCURSION BY PHONE:
8921 804 60 12
8921 226 15 29
- The Museum of Nature Reserve Kivach
You'll learn a lot about the reserve, will meet with representatives of its flora and fauna, as well as see the famous Karelian birch.
- Kivach waterfall and Arboretum
Waterfall inspection dendrokollektsii — living collection of trees and shrubs (outdoor excursions, near the waterfall Kivach, Duration 30 minutes).
- The ecological path «Taiga world reserve»
Ring route length of 600 meters in the picturesque corner of the forest on the banks of the River Song, sightseeing area near the nature reserve, Duration 40 minutes.
- The ecological path «Kivach Waterfall»
The ecological path «Kivach Waterfall» includes tour «Museum of Nature Reserve», «Waterfall inspection dendrokollektsii» and «Taiga world reserve» at a favorable rate. PERMANENT OFFER NOT
- The ecological path «Sopohsky Forest»
The ecological path «Sopohsky Forest» It passes through the protected area of ??pine forest. The length of the route is 3 km.
- The ecological path «Sopohsky Forest — Glandular keys»
This is a tour-exclusive, which must be booked in advance. The length of the route — 7 km. You will visit the protected pine forest, visit the forest stream and key swamp.
- The winter program is " A Tale of the protected forest "
winter excursion program " A Tale of the protected forest "