The idea of ??creating the reserve expressed by scientists Gorky State University in the late 20s of the twentieth century. May 7, 1941 Gorky executive committee ruled number 687 " On the organization Kerzhensky State Reserve " on the area of ??80 thousand hectares. But the war for a long time delayed the implementation of this decision.
Once again, the idea of ??a reserve Kerzhensky returned after the fires in 1972 the organization of the reserve project has been prepared in 1988, and February 11, 1993 issued a decree of the Administration of Nizhny Novgorod Region, signed by Governor Boris E. Nemtsov " On the organization of state natural Reserve " ". Kerzhensky It was the basis for the relevant resolutions of the Council of Ministers - the Government of the Russian Federation № 360 of April 23, 1993 and the Order of the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Natural Resources of the Russian Federation № 89 of 7 May 1993 on the establishment of the reserve on the territory of Bor and areas with Semenovski in order to preserve natural complexes east of the Volga.
The reserve is located on the left bank Kerzhents, a tributary of the Volga River, at the junction of Bor, Semenovski, Resurrection and Lyskovsky areas. Its territory includes the area of ??46786 hectares of a significant part of the river basin Cherry and frightening, as well as almost the entire catchment area of ??the Black River. These large inflows Kerzhents are similar in shape and valleys flow generally parallel to each other.
protected in the reserve important habitats of animals such as the capercaillie and black grouse, elk, wild boar, lynx, bear, fox, marten, rabbit, squirrel and beaver, which are the objects of intense hunting in the neighboring areas.
At the reserve grows 24 species of vascular plants, 16 species of lichens and 9 species of fungi that are included in the Red Book of the Nizhny Novgorod region. Of those in the Red Book of Russia introduced plants such as red and Cephalanthera cucullata neottianta, lichens Lobar lung and menegatstsiya proburavlennaya.
Among the insects of the reserve in the Red Book of Russia made the Apollo butterfly and Mnemosyne, as an annex to the Red Book - Machaon perelivnitsa big bumblebees moss and Schrenk.
Among the birds of the Red Book of Russia in the reserve there are black stork, osprey, golden eagle, white-tailed eagle, serpent eagle, oystercatcher, curlew, eagle owl, great gray shrike. Of the species listed in Annex to the Red Book - quail, corncrake, great godwit.
are protected nature reserve and habitat of rare birds to the area: Merlin, gray crane, deaf cuckoo hawk owl, Great Grey Owl, Scops Owl, houses owl, kingfisher. From the protected species of reptiles in the area in the reserve is sufficiently numerous and usually copperhead viper.
The reserve is located not far from the large city - Nizhniy Novgorod, close to the town of Bor, Semenov, Lyskovo, the reserve is the village Rustan.
Kerzhenets River forms the south-western border of the reserve. In the valley of the river Kerzhenets well defined floodplain and the first terrace. All other rivers belong to the basin of the reserve Kerzhents. The largest of them - Cherry, Big and Small Black boggling. The length of other rivers less than 10 km: Uhmantey, Rustaychik, gerbils, Rzhavka, Nigella, Bugrovka, Pugaychik. The whole catchment area of ??the river flowing black with tributaries located on the reserve.
Lakes consist principally of oxbows and are located in floodplains. In the buffer zone of the reserve on the watershed of the river and the river Kerzhenets Lund is a lake Black.
The reserve " Kerzhensky " It is part of the wetlands of international importance Kama-Bakaldinskuyu group marshes.
February 2, 2011 marked the 40th anniversary of the signing of the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. Parties to the Convention are 160 countries; 1912 wetland complexes with a total area of ??187 million. Hectares included in the international list of wetlands.
One of the main conditions of accession to the Ramsar Convention is the announcement by the government of at least one Ramsar site on its territory. Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation 13. 09. 1994 № 1050 approved a list of 35 Ramsar sites with total area of ??Russia about 10 million. Ha. Information on the status of wetlands included in the Ramsar List, is contained in the database, Wetlands International and is constantly updated.
What are wetlands (wetlands)? As defined by the International Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar, Iran, 1971), to the wetlands include a wide range of waters, shoals and waterlogged areas of the territory, where the water table is usually located on the surface of the earth. Everywhere in these areas water is the main factor that determines the living conditions of plants and animals, and monitors the state of the environment.
The eastern boundary runs along the border of the wetlands of the Nizhny Novgorod region and the Republic of Mari El, the western - the river Kerzhenets, northern and southern (mostly) on the boundaries of forest districts Semenoskogo, Resurrection, Lyskovsky, Michael forestries and the south-eastern section - on the fairway of the Volga River.
The geographical position of land: Great Volga accumulative alluvial low plain (province), Volga-Vetluzhskaya nisin. The left bank of the Volga River in the middle reaches between downstream and estuary Kerzhenets Sura. Nizhny Novgorod region, Zavolzhskaya part Lyskovsky Vorotynsky and areas south of the Resurrection district, the eastern part of the Bor district, south Semenovski area. From Nizhny Novgorod to east 55 km from the town of Lyskovo north 15 km from the town of Voskresensk south 30 km from the camp Vorotynets north 14 km.
A brief description of grounds:
The largest in the Volga River basin vast accumulation of peat bogs, diverse in terms of education and microlandscapes, preserved in a natural state. It includes complex of bogs, lakes and surrounding forests, which is a natural water and air filter regulator underground and above-ground hydrological regime of the surrounding area. Habitats of rare species of animals and plants, including listed in the IUCN Red List, the USSR and RSFSR, place of concentration of waterfowl nesting.
The swamps are in the low slopes of the left bank of the Volga River floodplain terraces and in the watersheds of rivers Kerzhents, Volga, Lund and their tributaries. They represent a watershed peat-slope and slope occurrence, formed as a result of waterlogging ancient riverbeds Volga Kerzhents, Doroguchi, Lund, zatorfovyvaniya large number of lakes, depressions and channels.
In the reserve there are several excursion paths. They are all laid with the minimum impact on the natural community.
During the tour, visitors are introduced to a variety of natural complexes, which are found in the protected area, a variety of woods, ponds, wetlands, flora and fauna and the role of the reserve in their conservation and restoration.
The current program
1. Floodplain Kerzhents 2.5 km, duration 1.5 hours.
2. Protected forest, 4 km, duration 2:00.
3. Vyshensky swamp 1.5 km, Duration 2 hours.