Katun Reserve formed July 25, 1991. The reserve is located on the territory of Ust-Koksinsky district of the Altai Republic. It is located in the most mountainous part of Altai - in the Katun Range.
The area of ??the reserve 151 000 hectares. The territory of the reserve is adjacent Mount Belukha (4506 m) - the highest point of Siberia, a World Natural Heritage Site. Katun reserve included in the World Network of Biosphere Reserves of the UNESCO " Man and the Biosphere " - 2000. Since 2011 it is part of the Russian-Kazakh transboundary reserve " ". Altai
The river network in the territory of the reserve Katun developed well enough. All the rivers belong to the basin of the reserve Katun.
The origins of most of the rivers of the reserve are glacial-nival zone Katun ridge. Just north of the river & shy; tion macro range Listvyaga originate from the off-glacier areas.
The rivers Katun ridge are typically mountainous character, characterized by considerable deviations (up to 104 m/km), drill & shy; nym course, while the River Ridge Listvyaga - less high & shy; someone - have significantly lower slopes, sometimes equal & shy; ninny character.
Katun originates from the glacier Gebler (Katun), located in the array Belugas. The length of the Katun from the source to the confluence with Biya is 688 km.
Multi - right tributary of the Katun. Total length - 39 km. Origins are located at an altitude of 2350-2400 m (except Verhnemultinskoe lake), the mouth - at an altitude of 900 meters.
The main tributaries - the river Cross (right), Proezdnaya animation (le & shy; HICLES, with a catchment area of ??the river the Strong about 80 km2), Mihailovka (left), Kuyguk (right).
On the rivers Katun ridge numerous waterfalls. The largest - the waterfall in the alluvial river of the same name with a drop of 35 m, cross (Transverse on the river - great & shy; tion inflow Cartoons), trout (River Soloukh).
A total of Katun Range there are 400 lakes, 135 of them (an area of ??0.9 ha and more) are within the Katun reserve. The largest lake ridge - trout, Kucherlinskoye, middle and bottom Multinskiye, Akkem.
Lakes basin headwaters Cartoons
Verhnemultinskoe Lake - Located in the circus at an altitude of 1795 meters above sea level. The maximum depth of the lake is Verhnemultinskogo 47.7 m. The southern part of the lake basin is much deeper than the northern. The lake flows into the four creek fed by the melting of glaciers and snowfields. Some streams are formed by the waterfalls, the height of the largest of these, about 47 meters.
Cross Lake - located in the river basin at an altitude of 1885 Transverse meters. From the lake follows the river Cross - left tributary of Cartoons. The lake flows into several streams that are mostly snow and glaciers. Results ichthyological survey conducted in 1993 by the expedition of the Institute of Water and Ecological Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences, showed that the lake is inhabited by only the Siberian sculpin, and the population size is very small.
Taimenye Lake - the only major lake in the western part of the Katun Range 7-10 km from its axial zone. In Taimenye lake runs several smaller rivers (Big and Small Gromotukha, Soloukh, Hayryuzovka) and streams originating in the glaciers and snowfields of Katun ridge. In the largest tributary of the lake - Soloukh River, which flows into the lake from the north-east, formed waterfalls. From the south-west of Lake taimen river flows lake - right tributary of the Katun. The lake is grayling. In connection with this curious name of the lake. Some researchers suggest that, apparently, the local people have confused the Lenca with trout, which gave rise to the name of the lake. There is another version that the name of the lake is due to stay on the bank in the past escaped convict named Taymen.
Museum of Altai culture
On the territory of the central farm is an ethno-ecological museum of Altai culture. The museum was created in the octagonal log ail - Traditional accommodation Altai.
Here is the exposition of traditional household items - the national dress (men and women), tableware (tazhuur - leather vessel for storing milk, Tepshi - a large dish, bowls, tueski), musical instruments (ikili - stringed instrument komys - reed instruments , shoor - a wind instrument, the type of longitudinal flute), hunting and ranching equipment (Kyrlya - an improvised shotgun, Kamchia - a whip, harness), and so forth.
Visitors to the museum can learn about the history of the Altai people, the environmental worldview and customs of Altai. «Ail» - Traditional accommodation Altai.
Description borders of the reserve
NORTH - from the source of the river Big River to the east across the ridge on the northern border of Lake Multinskiye upriver multi, further down the river to the right of its tributary, the ridge on it at the source of the river Karaary up its confluence with the river Iodo. Then up the river to the first Ioldo its tributary and on it, the pass along the path to the upper reaches of the river Upper Kuragan. Further down the river Upper Kuragan to its left tributary, on the influx through the pass to the source of the river Kupchan, on it to merge it with the Katun River, then up the right bank of the river to the waterfall Loose continue left tributary to the border with the Republic of Kazakhstan.
EASTERN - on the border with the Republic of Kazakhstan to the peak of the mountain South.
SOUTH - on the border with the Republic of Kazakhstan to the upper reaches of Borisovka, the river Borisovka to its confluence with the Katun River, up the right bank of the Katun River is 2 km away.
WESTERN - north-east along the watershed of the river and the River Doe-hare-headed, then 3 km east, skirting the rocky cliffs, and further north to the source of the river also becomes the ridge to the source of the river Gromotukha, then down the river to the lake it taimen. On the northern border of the lake up to the mouth of the river taimen Hayryuzovka then without affecting trails for driving cattle to the upper reaches Hayryuzovka and north-west to the river Big River, then along the river Big river to its source.
kingdom blue lakes
Short route description:
The route starts from the cordon of the reserve. The main trail goes from the lake Srednemultinskogo, along the river valley to the lake Multa Verhnemultinskoe; the valley of the river to the mouth of the river Multa Cross and further along the valley of the Cross Lake Cross. The trail passes through subalpine meadows and pine-larch taiga.
The area where the route runs, wooded mountain. The average altitude of the mountains - 1600-2600 m. The average steepness of slopes and steep. Forests, mostly coniferous (pine, larch). There are thick shrubs, meadow vegetation.
Sightseeing: Alpine lake (Lake Cross, Upper Multinskiye, trout), waterfalls on the river Poperechka.
On the route are furnished shelters and shelters Accommodations at the cordons Middle Multinskiye lake, made cuts windbreak defined parking areas and rest. The parking places are equipped with fire bonfire facilities around the seat of the fire logs, cesspool of garbage.
The route - more than 30 km, including the territory of the reserve 11 km. Estimated time of route - 2 days. Method of movement of visitors along the route - hiking. Using Routes - from June to October.
Short route description:
The route starts from the village Katanda, located at the mouth of the river Kuragan. The trail goes along the horse trail along the river in the tract Kuragan Kyrgyz. Then, along the river valley to the upper Kaziniha to Kazinihinskomu lake and then goes to the horse route cordon around Lake Talmen (Taimenye). Hence, the move is performed horse in the mouth of the river and then headed along the river Katun Jetskis Maralovodka to the village.
The route passes through forest areas represented larch and pine forests, subalpine meadows, rocky tundra abounds beautiful landscapes, interesting for photography and filming. In the taiga possible meeting with wild animals and birds. Main attractions: Kazinihinskoe lake, trout, river canyon Kuragan, Kazinihinsky pass.
On the route there are places of accommodation and shelters at the cordon at the mouth of the river Kaziniha and taimen lake. On the trail cuts made windbreak defined parking areas and rest. The parking places are equipped with fire bonfire facilities around the seat of the fire logs, cesspools of garbage. Determine the place of grazing for horses.
The route - 162 km of them in the reserve about 30 km. Estimated time of route - 4 days. Method of movement of visitors along the route - hiking, horse riding and water. Seasonal route - from July to September.
Groups are accompanied by members of the reserve.
Golden Ring Belugas
Short route description:
The initial stage of the trail is the water trip on the river Katun Jetskis Maralovodka from the village where tourists are delivered by road from the central reserve of the estate in the village of Ust-Cox. Travel along the river about 80 km to the cordon of the reserve, which is located at the mouth of the river quiet. Then move on horseback in the tract Cheeks - Tyurgen - Kupchan - Beluga. Then return to Tyurgen tract (mouth of the river faster) and further along the path to the upper reaches of the river to the border of the reserve fast, and then the trail passes through the lands of the forest fund, through the origins of rivers become the cordon and out on the lake Talmen. Then moving along the river headed to the Katun River and rafting on the jet boat to the village Maralovodka.
The trail passes through the taiga, mountain-taiga Medium alpine highland, Goltz, the valley of the Katun. In the alpine meadows, you can see red deer, bears. In the taiga zone inhabited by the sable, squirrel, wolverines and many other species. You can find the most secretive ungulate - musk deer. On the route you can also contemplate the unique landscapes of Katun ridge, a beautiful waterfall on the river Kupchan and the highest point of Siberia - Mount Belukha.
On the route are furnished shelters and shelters Accommodations at the cordons lake trout, on the trails made cuts windbreak, determined and equipped parking areas and rest. The parking places are equipped with fire bonfire facilities around the seat of the fire logs. Determine the place of grazing for horses.
The route - 300 km of them in the reserve of more than 140 km in one direction. Estimated time of route - 5-7 days. Method of movement of visitors along the route - hiking, horse riding and water transport. Seasonal route - from July to September. Maximum permissible load on a sightseeing trail: no more than 10 people in the group. Groups are accompanied by members of the reserve.