The reserve is established for the preservation and study of old-growth deciduous forests of the north-western part of the Upland in the Kaluga region. Indigenous forests Reserve — remnants of forests that were part of the defense Zasechnaya Moscow State in XVI-XVIII centuries. More than 500 years of the southern boundary of deciduous forests remained feudal lords and local people, the forest served as a natural barrier to the movement of the cavalry steppe and harboring of people from nearby villages. Almost half of the reserve is part of the homonymous key ornithological territory of international importance.
The reserve is located within the Russian platform in the north-western part of the Central Russian upland on the watershed of the rivers Oka and Vytebet (a tributary of the river Zhizdra).
Ploskovolnistaya erosion sredneraschlenennaya plain. Confined to the river valley Dubenko - Naked Village neighborhood, Tracts Dubenko.
Pologovolnistaya erosion sredneraschlenennaya plain. Distributed in the northern portion of the solid areas of the river Vytebet.
Ploskoholmistaya erosion slaboraschlenennaya plain. This type of terrain is developed above the floodplain Pesochenka and south to the river Dubrovno.
gently sloping hillsides riverine valleys and peaks.
gullies and ravines network.
Flat wavy ploskonaklonnaya erosion outwash plain. This type of terrain has been formed glaciofluvial streams of the melting glacier in Moscow. The river water flowed Vytebet south Dnieper River basin, the upper level of water marks reached 200-205 m.
ridgy moraine and glaciofluvial silnoraschlenennaya plain. Distributed within the existing watercourses.
Kaluga Zaseki - a name that was used for a part of the territory of the Kaluga province, part of the defense line Zaoksky Muscovy. By Kaluga spotted treated Kozelskiy, Przemysl Zaseki, part Lihvinskih and Arsenyevsky spotted. The reserve has included Kozelskiy Dubenskaya spotted, the southern half of Kozelsk Stolpitskoy Zaseki, as well as fragments Arsenyevsky Bobrikovsky Zaseki, located on the territory of Kozel'skii County.
The area, which became part of the reserve «Kaluga Zaseki», known to ancient chronicles since IX - X centuries as part of a large impenetrable array of deciduous forests.
Defense line consisted of areas of natural barriers - forests, rivers, wetlands and ravines, which were supplemented, «mated» between a man-made structures - forest debris, shafts, ditches, stockade, palisade prison, stuffed in the bottom of the river kolem. Forest, which showcases abatis, called reserved. As it was forbidden to cut down trees, hunt, just go to the forest was not even footpaths.
The last time the forest pinpoint under Peter I, during the war with Charles XII in 1709 and then in 1722 was allowed to take into the woods zasechnyh best trees protected species - oak, elm, ash, pine, used for the needs of shipbuilding, artillery factories. However, a number of laws strictly limit the use of forests and prescribe that artificial reforestation.
Only in 1937 were discontinued and resumed haphazard felling silvicultural business - small areas within the laid spotted planting an oak tree. During World War II, forest again became erratic; especially significant logging in spotted produced during 1941-1943 years, when the right bank Vytebet Zhizdra and passed the front line. In the early postwar years were laid Culture pine and spruce.
However, significant areas of deciduous forests tracts appeared a little disturbed. The main reason that determined the preservation of high forests, served as the administrative and geographical position of the territory - one way or another frontier for centuries. Long before the creation of the reserve of natural resources in the area for various reasons, it was limited.
The reserve is located in the southeastern part of the Kaluga region, on the territory of the Ulyanovsk region, with the southern and eastern borders with Orel. The composition of the reserve consists of two sections, separated from each other by 12 km: the north (Ulyanovsk forestry) and south (Yagodnenskoe and Lenin Ulyanovsk forest forestry). The reserve is within 200 m from the protected area is surrounded.
September 30, 2008 under the current program «Formation of a free herd in the Kaluga Region» and supported by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and the Oka Reserve Terrasny (PTZ) were brought into the territory of PG «GPP «Kaluga Zaseki» the first three of the ten bison.
At the reserve «Kaluga Zaseki» Since 2002 the group already exists volnozhivuschaya bison, consisting of 30 goals. But as Currently, this group reproductively isolated from other bison living on the adjacent territory of the Oryol region, and to prevent the growth of inbreeding in it and further development of inbreeding depression, and it was decided Podpusk new party genealogically unrelated animals into an existing herd, for the purpose of «updates Blood». The first three, brought from the Oka Reserve Terrasny (PTZ) were two of the bull: Murenat - Born in 2006 and Mursik - Born in 2007 and one zubritsa Musyanya - 2007 year of birth. Bison, after a little overexposed in the paddock, will be released into the wild.
Kaluga, Orel population of European bison is the only major group of this kind in the plains of Russia, ranked third in the world in size, has the world's highest level of genetic diversity and, accordingly, the most important for the preservation of the species as a whole.
The Reserve «Kaluga Zaseki» - Specially protected natural area. Russian legislation prohibits the presence on the territory of nature reserves without a special permit or escort officer. In addition, non-compliance with the rules of visiting the reserve could lead to undesirable consequences. All tours are accompanied by a guide only!
The ecological path «Forest Fairy Tale»
The length of 4.3 km.
Time: 3 - 4 часа
Total Time: 4 - 5 hours
The period of operation trails: March-October
The route is located in the North participates reserve. The trail is equipped with information boards, presents the main types of forest communities, the most typical representatives of flora and fauna. Widely represented ephemeroids spring. Value are living objects and traces of their activities. Along the way encountered a huge number of trace fossils beavers.
The widest audience of visitors, from preschoolers to the elderly who can move around ecotrail unaided. In the spring desirable waterproof shoes. From May to July, it is desirable to have with a means of protection against mosquitoes.
The ecological trail " Berry "
total length of 5.6 km.
Duration: 2 - 3 hours
Total Time: 5 - 6 hours
The period of operation trails: March-October
The trail runs in the southwestern part of the South area of ??the reserve «Kaluga Zaseki», south of the cordon «Berry». Distance from the directorate of the reserve (p. Ulyanovo) - 25 km on the highway. It is the most accessible to the public trail on the southern section of the reserve. Route trail is divided into two full cluster - Minor (1st) and large (2nd) trails. The combination of these different options plots trails allow more fully to give an idea about the local nature at any time of the year. At a distance of 4-5 km. traced all typical for the southern section of the reserve habitats and associated communities of plants, fungi and animals.
Both trails are circular trails.
During a tour of this route allows visitors to get acquainted with different forest habitats and to seek clarification on the specifics of their organization. On the trail presents all kinds of reserve forest bird communities: meadow, marsh, forest. The high density of birds of prey day, a colony of herons, a possible meeting with bison and traces of other animals.
Audience rating: popular route for people with full mobility, special sports training is not required. It is advisable to carry your binoculars, waterproof shoes. From May to July, it is desirable to have with a means of protection against mosquitoes.
The ecological path «Zasechny Forest»
The length of 3.5 km.
Duration: 3 - 4 часа
Total Time: 5 - 6
The period of operation trails: March-October
The concept ecotrail - historical role Zaoksky defense line, in the life of our ancestors, the transformation of the forest in the historical period, the role of «zasechnyh» Forests in the modern world. The route is located in the eastern part of the southern section of the reserve - at the core of the historical link Zasechnaya Dubenskaya Zaseki. This array of standard broad-leaved forest zone area. Blockage of the forest as a result of the hurricane as a model zasechnyh hooked into the woods. . Ancient forest road. Culture oak ages 17-18 with traces of care. Some oak trees reach the age of more than 300 years. In the spring time on the trail carpets of primroses and wild garlic field.
The audience of visitors: the route determined by the degree of physical fitness and physical training involves some visitors. Waterproof footwear. From May to July, it is desirable to have with a means of protection against mosquitoes.
Tour of wildlife viewing «Path bison»
The tract " ", Zubryatnik tract " ", Polushkino tract " Narrow Gauge Railway "
Running time: 1 — 2:00
Total Time: 2 to 4:00
The period of operation trails: December-March
The trail acquaints visitors with the habitats of wild bison - tracks, trails, trees bites, baths, biotechnical structures: - salt licks, forage area. The maximum period of snow the opportunity to see at close range and take pictures of a herd of bison in the wild.
The audience of visitors: the route is available for people with full mobility, special sports training is not required. Desirable warm winter shoes (boots).
For more information and pre-registration call. (848443) 21932, 89036969756.
We offer a trip to the below described water-tourist route.
Vytebet - right tributary of the river Zhizdra. It tretyapo largest river and the water content of the Ulyanovsk region, its length of 133 km. The upper river is located in Orel and Bryansk regions. It originates in the extreme northwest of the Orel region, in the area near the station Hotynetskom Nine Oaks and the village of the same name. The strange name of the village is connected with the epic tales about the Nightingale the Robber, who lived in the «nine oaks» Deaf Bryansk forests.
Ambient Vytebet picturesque land known as the «Turgenev places», where the great writer finds a best relaxation and inspiration.
On the right bank Vytebet to the border with the Oryol region has reserve «Kaluga Zaseki». Right Bank mostly covered with dense forests, most of which is part of the reserve. Meadows on the right bank of very diverse floristic composition - from raw wetlands to dry steppe. Currently, the right-bank floodplain little exploited by man, and therefore there is a process of overgrowing meadows, pine, birch, alder, willow or oak.
Left Vytebet within the Ulyanovsk region heavily mastered. Quite a few on the left bank of the small indigenous villages. Almost up to the mouth of the stretch meadows, swampy places with small floodplain lakes and thickets of willow, alder groves and rare woods. Grasslands are mainly used as pastures and hayfields.
Ecological tourist water route on the river Vytebet Ulyanovsk region Kaluga region:
Starting point of the route: village Berry, Ulyanovsk district.
Number of days: 6 days
The main obstacles: rocky shallows, piles, shoals, snag:
small sandy shoals forcing passengers from the boats go out and spend their boats by hand;
rocky shallows with sharp stones, creating a danger to cut the bottom of the boats;
snag, poluzanesennye trunks of trees, piles of the old bridges;
poaching sezhi or weirs completely partition off the river, causing the need to enclose an obstacle or cut through it.
Transport to the place of the alloy after the end of the route :
Before the village Ulyanovo buses go from Moscow and Kaluga (in Kozelsk).
Deliveries of the village of Berry and meeting visitors at the final point of the water route is carried by road reserve «Kaluga Zaseki».
Difficulty: Hike along the river can be recommended for novice travelers, the river has virtually no serious natural and man-made obstacles. In addition, the group must have a sufficient number of tourists physically strong as the journey may require a run-out or pilotage through the rubble.
The length of travel water route depends on the purpose of travel, design and condition of the boats, experience and stamina travelers. Typically, speed calculation kayaks calculated from the amount of its own average speed kayak (4.5-6 km/h) and average speed of the river (about 1-5 km/h). Consequently, the average speed of the river will be about 5,5-10 km/h. Accordingly, for 6-8 hours, can be overcome by running from 33 to 80 km. But we must remember that the time required to overcome obstacles can significantly reduce the actual length of the day's march from the settlement. Always bear in mind that the smaller river, the less distance it can go because of the increasing number of obstacles in the river. And esch? should be noted that spent a lot of time on the lighting time stops for sightseeing and for other purposes, depending on the purpose of the campaign (for example, writing sketches, photography, local history work and so on. N.). Therefore, the calculation of routes, taking into account all the above is roughly based on the daily requirement of an alloy of about 20-25 km a day.
Convenient location for parking and campsite along the route a lot. But the most convenient for travelers are areas with low banks, which can be easily and conveniently drag watercraft access to water during the stay. Furthermore, there must be a forest - source of dead wood (firewood). It is desirable to have a soft spot nearby, drinking water, although the water in these rivers is quite suitable for cooking and drinking raw. Therefore, choose a parking space must be at least 1-2 hours of light with the time required for campsites (in the summer is about 17-18 hours).
Seasonal and climatic conditions
The most convenient and comfortable time for rafting is May and August. These months have sufficient temperature for overnight stays in ordinary sleeping bags and tents, good fishing, a small number of mosquitoes (slimy, midges, mosquitoes, horseflies). May and August tend to have a relatively small number of rainy days. June and July, with all its delights of summer for some travelers become unbearable because of the abundant midges on the river. June is usually the most rainy month. July the hottest.
sports, scientific and educational nature of the journey is along the river during the spring flood. Huge masses of water flowing through the coastal forest, flying along the rivers of northern bird flocks, to coincide with the opening of the spring hunting of waterfowl and marsh game - make the spring trip memorable and a little like a journey through these rivers during the summer low water. September and early October - the most beautiful time to these rivers. It's time artists and poets. This month though unstable the weather, but heavy on the mushrooms, fishing and natural beauty of autumn withering. Great if travel coincides with the so-called «Indian Summer».