Caucasian Reserve is the main part, the nucleus area of ??the World Natural Heritage Site by UNESCO (the nomination «Western Caucasus») (Certificate of UNESCO World Heritage Site on December 4, 1999) November 30 1999 Nomination «Western Caucasus» It was adopted at the XXIII session of the World Heritage by UNESCO in Marrakesh (Morocco), becoming the fifth object of Russia, who have been granted this status. Nomination united territory of the Caucasus State Biosphere Reserve, Natural Park & ??laquo; Big Thach», natural monuments «Ridge Wild», «upstream and Pshekha Pshekhashkha» and «riverheads Tsitse», reaching a total area of ??301,068 hectares, of which 103,267 hectares are located in the territory of the Republic of Adygea. The inclusion of a number of protected areas in the Western Caucasus World Heritage List is a recognition of the unique natural complexes of the region.
On the territory of the nomination are several local centers of genetic evolution and speciation molding, for example: Fischt-Oshtensky mountain site, an array of mountains Big Thach. Nomination «Western Caucasus» - Integral conservation area, never subject to significant human impact. For its size it is unrivaled not only in the Caucasus but also among the mountainous regions of Europe and West Asia; contains vital space necessary for the conservation of many endangered, rare, endemic and relict species of plants and animals, it is a natural and unmodified habitat of large mammals most vulnerable - the mountain bison, Caucasian red deer, West Caucasian tur, Caucasian brown bear, and others. protection and restoration of the number of free-living in the nature of mountain bison can be represented as one of the important tasks of the nomination. Although native Caucasian bison decimated in the 20 years of the twentieth century. After 50 years of qualifying hybridization and natural selection, today we can talk about good examples recovery animals, occupied the empty ecological niche.
Caucasian State Nature Biosphere Reserve is located on the northern and southern slopes of the Western Caucasus. Actually reserve area declared May 12, 1924, but the history of preservation of the unique natural complex began much earlier, since the organization in 1888 Velikokniazheskaya " Kuban hunting ". As the largest protected area of ??the Caucasus isthmus and the second largest in Europe, occupies the land reserve of the Krasnodar Territory, the Republic of Adygea and Karachay-Cherkessia Republic of the Russian Federation, is directly adjacent to the state border with Abkhazia. In isolation from the mainland, in Khosta district of Sochi, is a subtropical Khostinsky Department Reserve - the world famous yew-tree grove, an area of ??302 hectares. Management reserve is located in Sochi (Adler), and in the capital of the Republic of Adygea - Maikop - is Adygei branch of scientific reserve.
The starting point: the mouth of the river in the village Guzeripl gutter. From this point up the river Belaya, along the left bank of the indigenous, to the mouth of the river Armenian. Further up the river to the confluence with the Armenian her muddy river shelters (Guzeripl). From the south, up the slope of the ridge Kalancha on its crest, then along the crest of the ridge in a south-westerly direction, crossing the headwaters of the river Bright shelters in the north-eastern slope of the ridge to the top of the Armenian border of the forest. Then, traverse the slope of the Armenian mountain range in the north-westerly direction to pass Armenian. From the pass along the top edge of the forest in the north-east, skirting the mountain Guzeripl and turning to the north-west over the pass Uzurub (instructor gap), and then, turning to the north-east and the source of the river crossing Armenian, along the base of a rocky cliff at Stone Ridge sea Naked Mountain to the pass-Cauchy Azishskaya. From the pass on the border of the Republic of Adygea and Krasnodar Territory (Absheron district) in the Lago-Naki ridge, then along the ridge to Mount letter, and in the same direction, on the border of the Republic of Adygea and the Krasnodar Territory, before crossing it with the upper boundary of the forest in the north-west mountainside dug. Hence, turning sharply to the southeast, along the upper border of the forest traverse the southern slope of the ridge Lagonack, skirting mountains Zhitnyaya, Matazyk, Mezmay crossing beam sources with turn Deep in the south-west, skirting the slopes of the mountain, and Uriel, further up the river valley Tsitse. Not reaching 1.5 km to the source of the river Tsitse, turn to the northwest, on the eastern slope of the ridge Nude Ciuc. Travers slope of the ridge along the top edge of the forest and down the river valley Tsitse, rounded slope height in 2093 and turned westward along the upper border of the forest, before crossing the border with the Republic of Adygea and Krasnodar Territory (Absheron district). Further, on the border in the south-east through the height of 1828 to the western slope of the mountain of the Messiah to the intersection with the upper boundary of the forest. Further, in a southeasterly direction along the upper border of the forest traverse mountain slopes and Tuba Pshekha-Su, crossing the source of the river Pshekha (creek Waterfall) and skirting the western and south-western slopes of the mountain pass at the Circassian Fischt before crossing the border of the Republic of Adygea and Krasnodar Territory ( Absheron District). Further, on the border in south-western direction to the mountain Mavrikoshka, then turning to the west, along the border of the main ridge over the mountain to an altitude of 1842.8 hukou, from the north-west ridge across the lake to the edge of the forest hukou. Further, the instrumental course on the southern slope of the ridge to the height of 1531.6. From this height in a westerly direction along the instrumental course along the northern slope of the ridge to the rock anonymous. From the rocks on the ridge across the Nameless height of 1324.8 on the path extending to a height of 1854.6 (Mountain Outlaw). From Mount Outlaw in a southeasterly direction along the ridge (border Lazarevsky forestry) through 1499.9 height to the height of 1045, on the spur of the Nameless from the ridge to the east to the mouth of the river Azhu. From the mouth of the river Azhu in a southwesterly direction along the right bank of the river Shahe (Golovinka) to its confluence with the White River and up to its origins on the ridge Bzych. Further, in the south-west ridge height Bzych through 1503.4 (Mount Bzych) to an altitude of 1306.3. From a height of 1306.3 in the south-east on the ridge to the mouth of the Nameless Krivoy stream at the point of confluence of the river Bzych. From the mouth of the creek Krivoy to the southeast along the ridge through the tract Grushovaya village, as well as the height of 1302.2 and 1583.9 to 1917.9 altitude (mountain Amook), then at the height of the ridge Amook through 1569 at the height of 1819. With a height of 1819 along the ridge to the south of Mount Rock and Ushha ridge through points 1506 and 1069, the estuary Georgian, crossing the river Sochi, at the height of 1288. Further, the ridge over the height of Mount Iegosh 1633 (height 1790) and along the ridge through points Iegosh 1553, 1751, 1764, 1663, the source of the Black River and further along the river to the confluence with the Black River Chvizhepse. Further up the river Chvizhepse before leaving it on the edge of the forest at the foot of the Green and the edge of the forest in the south-easterly direction, crossing the river Achipse boundary goes to a height of 1865. With a height of 1865 to the ridge to the height of 1862, crossing the fifth (from source), the right-bank tributary of Achipse, the border goes in the nameless heights in the upper right-bank tributary of the sixth Achipse further along the ridge to the south-east boundary of the access to the river and the river Laura Laura up to its left bank tributary of the second, and then, along the tributary to the exit it on the edge of the forest and on to the south along the edge of the forest to the trails included in the tract Bear Gate, from here to the south along the forest edge to the third (of the mouth), the Right Bank at & not; current river Psluh, then down the inflow to the confluence of him in the river Psluh. Further up on the left bank of the river Psluh to the confluence of the river and Pslushonok upriver Pslushonok to pass Aishho. From the pass Aishho boundary extends in a southeasterly direction along the boundary of the contour of the Sochi republican state nature reserve, crossing the eastern and southern slopes of the Rocky Mountain Range, the slopes of Mount Aishho and leaves to a height of 2822 on, crossing the ridges, through mountain Loyub-Tsuhe goes to a height of 2747 then, at the height of 2949, and the eastern and southern slopes of the Rocky Mountain Range at the height of 2848, and then, through the mountain Loyub on the southeastern slope of the mountain border down to the northern tributaries of the lake Kardyvach on the right bank of the Mzymta River, then down the Techa & not; NIJ up Turin, spurs between the fifth and sixth (from the source) left-bank tributaries of the river Mzymta near Engelmanovoy clearing, etc., on the mountain range to a height of 2963 at the Gagra Range (intersection with the state border of the Russian Federation and Georgia). With a height of 2963 in the south-east of the state border to the source of the river Damkhurts and down the right bank of the river Damkhurts to the confluence of the left-bank tributary of the ninth with a mark of 1367 and up to the influx of its release on the edge of the forest. Further, the edge of the forest to the source of the second (from the mouth), the right-bank tributary of Imereti and crossing the river Imeretinki the second (from the mouth) left-bank tributaries of the river Imeretinka a height of 2253. With a height of 2253 to the source of the fifth (of the mouth), the right-bank Beza & not; myannogo tributary Zack & the tributary rivers Zach crossing the river, along the left bank of the river Zakan to its confluence with the first (from the source) left-bank tributary of the nameless. Further up the inflow to the height of 2818, with a height of 2818 through 2671, and a height of 2637 to pass Umpyrsky from Umpyrsky pass through a height of 2827 spurs Magish Magish the ridge, along the ridge to the height Magish 2749 and along the ridge over the mountain Sergeev Sergeev Guy Guy at the height of 2031. With a height of 2031 on a ridge at the mouth of Dry beam. Further, on the right bank of the river Malaya Laba to its confluence with the river Urushten (Black), bypassing the north and west Chernorechie cordon. On the left bank of the river Urushten to its confluence with the river Dodogachey (river more deceased bar), followed up the first right tributary to the river Dodogachey trails on the trail peresedlinu between the mountain and the mountain Acheshbok Dzyuvya and Mount Achishbok. Then, crossing the river Afonku, along the ridge to the height of 2036, then along the ridge to the tributary of the river Kishi, further up the inflow to Mount fitter. On the ridge of Mount fitter Boulevard through the height of 1507 along the northern boundary of the field at the bison park with access to the beam Zhitninskaya (2 km away from the cordon of Kish). Further, on the border Guzeriplskogo smallholdings along the ridge height Dudugush through 1587.2, then bypassing the west clearing and Marenkin Ternovaya to the river Kishi. Further, on the right bank downstream to the mouth of Kishi and White. Turning on the left bank of the White River, the boundary extends upstream, bypassing the west portion of the estate cordon «Camp»; along the base of the slope of the ridge and the mountains Skazhennogo Cossack (height 1428) to the starting point: the mouth of the gutter in the village Guzeripl.
The area of ??the reserve has a complex geological structure, which is characterized by the radial distribution of rocks of different age and composition. Some areas of the reserve (Lagonack plateau, mountains Fischt, Oshten, Pshe ha soo Acheshbok, Trew, Akhun, etc..) Are karst landscapes with a lot of caves. Thus, Lagonack plateau there are over 130. It is not uncommon in the reserve and glaciers. A total of about 60, and the total area - 18.2 square meters. km. The two most western in the reserve, as well as in the Caucasus as a whole, lednichka located on the northern slope of Mount Pshekha-Su, then the two are on top of the glacier, and after dropping Fischt ridge appear on arrays Chugush, Jae-Maruk and so on. D.
Approximately 1.9% of the territory falls on rivers and lakes. On the southern macro Main Caucasus Range and drains into the Black sea Mzymta River (with tributaries Chvezhipse, Laura, Achipse, Psluh, Quiet, and others.), Hosta, Sochi, Shahe (tributaries Bzych, Azhu, Buschy et al.), With northern macro - White (with its tributaries Ches-su, Kish, Pshekha etc.), Malaya Laba (tributaries Tsakhvoa, Urushten), as well as the river of Zack & Damkhurts relating to the pool of the Big Laba. In turn, the rivers of the northern macro - tributaries of the Kuban River.
Of particular originality give mountain landscape reserve numerous lakes. There are more than 120. They are small in size and are often completely free of ice until the middle of summer. The largest lake in the Reserve - Lake of Silence, a water surface area of ??200,000 m2. Special beauty and popularity of different hukou lakes (1843 m above sea level) to the main ridge, Kardyvach (1850 m above sea level) in the upper reaches of the river Mzymta River in the upper reaches Inpsi Tsakhvoa, blue and Atsetukskie lake in the South Front Range.
Rope town of Sochi
Learn a lot about the rich fauna of the Caucasus Nature Reserve, which is a World Natural Heritage Site, you can by visiting kompleksdlya captive wild animals in protected cordon Laura bliz Krasnaya Polyana. Meeting with animals will give you joyful moments. Touching the heart and soul to the world of nature, enjoy the beautiful mountain scenery, you can relax.
Khosta Yew-tree grove
Khosta Yew-tree grove - a unique natural monument, relic, pre-glacial forests, including more than 400 species of plants: tropical mushrooms, flowers, colorful orchids, 70 species of trees and shrubs.
CANYON «Devil's Gate»
In the area of ??«Devil's Gate» You will be amazed picturesque canyon riverbed host with steep walls up to 50 meters and a width of 5 meters. Amazing ancient Colchis woods around where you can see rare plants pre-Ice Age.
MUSEUM OF NATURE AND Guzeripl Dolmen
Excursion to cordon Guzeripl will lead you to one of the most interesting historical monuments of the Caucasus Nature Reserve - Dolmens. It is the largest megalithic structures in the territory of Adygeya.
ROPE ADVENTURE PARK
Ropes Adventure Park (taypark) - a unique set of attractions, which are an obstacle located in the trees at a height of 1 to 6 meters. Modern man, escape from the city life, full of stress, gets in conditions close to the extreme, and receives a lot of fun and adrenaline. Attraction trains important for any human quality - agility, coordination, reaction, teaches us to overcome our fears and anxieties.