The reserve " Denezhkin Stone " closed to tourists.
This prohibition applies to the whole territory of the reserve, including the former village of Solva, on the waters of the river Sosva in the boundaries of the reserve, and not just on a mountain Denezhkin Stone.
State Nature Reserve " Denezhkin Stone " Located in the north of the Sverdlovsk region. Its territory includes the full array of mountains Denezhkin Stone, the eastern slopes of the Main Ural Ridge, Ridge Hoza-Tumpen, the upper reaches of Ivdel, Talto, Shegultan, Sosva. The reserve area of ??80 thousand hectares.
Despite the relative proximity and accessibility, on the territory occupied by the reserve, there was no large-scale industrial development of forests and mineral resources. There are no settlements, no logging roads. Former mine Solva, cutting along the edge of the territory occupied by slightly small area. This area has had the status of the reserve during the period from 1946 to 1961.
Again Reserve was established in 1991.
The management of the reserve is located in Severouralsk. There is a base in the village of Vsevolodo-Blagodatskikh.
The largest rivers of the reserve - Talto originating Ridge Hoza-Tumpen, Shegultan with numerous tributaries, collecting water as Denezhkina with Stone and with the Ural mountain range, with tributaries Sos'va Solva, Supreeya, Meltwater, starting at Denezhkin stones and the Main Ural ridge.
Sosva through Tavda, Tobol and Irtysh flows into the Ob. River reserve, taking the beginning of the slopes and ridges of the mountains, have a greater rate of flow, stony bed, cold and clear water. More or less pronounced understand have only river Sosva and Shegultan. The total length of the rivers in the reserve - 505 km.
The fauna of the reserve " Denezhkin Stone " It shows a typical boreal species.
Among insectivores known 7 species of shrews and moles, registered only on secondary meadows.
Bats reserve are not well understood. The only description is provided in the Proceedings of the reserve in 1959. Featured: whiskered bat (Myotis mystacinus), pond bat (Myotis dasycneme), northern bat (Vespertilio nilssoni) and long-eared bat (Plecotus auritus). All four species of bats squad in the Red Data Book of the Middle Urals (1996).
Among the rodents are common squirrel vulgaris (Sciurus vulgaris), Siberian Chipmunk (Eutamias sibiricus), red (Clethrionomys rutilus), red-gray (Clethrionomys rufocanus) and the red (Clethrionomys glareolus) voles.
At the reserve inhabited by flying squirrel (Pteromys volans). The number of its low, small animal leads a secretive life and is rare.
Because voles most common red vole prefers coniferous forests. Red, Tillage (Microtus agrestis) voles and tundra vole (Microtus oeconomus) is found in small quantities in all types of forests.
plain Beaver (Castor fiber) marked the first time for the reserve in 1994. In the area of ??the mouth of the river otters Kosva family moved they built two huts.
In 1998, it marked the first time wood lemming.
hare (Lepus timidus) is found in all habitats of the reserve, mostly in river valleys, on the overgrown clearings in crooked.
Musteline order Carnivora richly represented. This Wolverine (Gulo gulo), columns (Mustela sibirica), ermine (Mustela erminea), the weasel (Mustela nivalis), mink European (Mustela lutreola) and American (Mustela vison), marten (Martes martes), sable (Martes zibellina) and kidus .
The traces of wolverines are found everywhere, it is usually an animal for the region. Lusk prefers fir-spruce-cedar taiga, and ermine and columns - pine forests and mixed forests. Marten lives in all types of forests and in the last five years, its number is constantly growing. The reserve is located in the intersection areas marten and sable, and you can meet their hybrid - kidus.
American mink virtually supplanted the European, there is currently no information available on the territory of the European mink. Mink found everywhere along the rivers.
On most rivers Sosva Reserve, Shegultan, Sharp, Fast dwells 3-4 river otter (Lutra lutra).
As for the winter route accounting data and survey data on the local population, the number of wolf (Canis lupus) in the district grows.
Fox (Vulpes vulpes) in the reserve is rarely celebrated. Met with literally single tracks on the eastern and western borders. According to the writings of the reserve in 1959, Fox was common in the reserve.
bear (Ursus arctos) is found throughout the reserve. It turns out the bear out of the den 4-25 April lies dormant 12-29 October. After leaving the den feeds on warmed slopes and clearings thawed. Zhiruet summer on the banks of rivers and in forests with high grasses. Autumn rests on the slopes of the mountains, rich pine cones and berries. By definition, the hunters, the average weight of the study area bears - 110-130 kg.
Lynx (Felis lynx) - the usual form on the reserve " Denezhkin Stone ". According to the observations, the territory inhabited by at least 9 species of lynx.
The hoof reserve represented elk (Alces alces) and wild boar (Sus scrofa). Kaban first appeared in the territory in 1995. Moose was placed on the reserve uneven number of seasonal ranges: the lowest - in summer, the highest - in January and February.
Until 1959, there has been kochёvki wild Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) along the western border of the reserve, the group heads to 12-15. There was also a deer in rut Elovskaya Urals. Currently, reliable information about Sunset deer in there.
The inventory of birds was made in the first period of existence of the reserve NI Kuznetsov, now almost complete revision of the list. At this time, the reserve recorded for 12 new species not mentioned in the list of NI Kuznetsova (1959): Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), curlew (Numenius arquata), white-backed woodpecker (Dendrocopos leucotos), Red-throated Pipit (Anthus cervinus), river warbler (Locustella fluviatilis), Common Grasshopper Warbler (Locustella naevia), spotted Cricket (Locustella lanceolata), gray warbler (Sylvia communis), Yellow-browed Warbler (Phylloscopus inornatus), < strong> red-breasted flycatcher (Ficedula parva), White-winged crossbill (Loxia leucoptera), plantain (Emberiza aureola).
Almost all presented Galliformes (Galliformes) - 83%. Underrepresented species and quantitative composition of waders - gruiformes (Gruiformes) and Charadriiformes (Charadriiformes) - 34%. Cranes and several species of shorebirds marked on Kutimskom swamp, which was previously included in the reserve.
The Reserve protects 10 species of birds listed in the Red Book of the Middle Urals (1996): piskulka (Anser erythropus), whooper swan (Cygnus cygnus), eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla), Merlin (Falco columbarius), falcon (Falco vespertinus ), owl (Bubo bubo), pygmy owl (Glaucidium passerinum), Hawk Owl (Surnia ulula), great gray owl (Strix nebulosa).
The most common inhabitants of the northern boreal forest - bird detachment woodpeckers: great spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopos major), three-toed woodpecker (Picoides tridactylus), black woodpecker (Dryocopus martius).
From the birds of the order Galliformes most common grouse (Tetrastes bonasia), which is equally prevalent in all types of wood, and wood grouse (Tetrao urogallus), prefers pine forests with red bilberry. In river valleys and adjacent open areas inhabited by hawks - Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) and Sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus), buzzards . Not rare also Harrier (Circus cyaneus), a good summer honey tree trunk in sparse forests.
In these habitats can be found owls: bearded and Ural Owl (Strix uralensis), Upland (Aegolius funereus) and sparrow Owls , less often - owl and big floppy eared owl (Asio otus).
Because of waders in the forests of common Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola), and doves - wood pigeon (Columba palumbus).
On the territory inhabited by two species of cuckoo: ordinary (Cuculus canorus) and deaf (Cuculus saturatus). Water and wetland bird species a bit.
By the rivers of the reserve inhabited by Common Merganser (Mergus merganser), goldeneye (Bucephala clangula), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) and teals - Garganey (Anas querquedula) and Teal (Anas crecca).
Common Carrier sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos), rarer Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus) and a large Greenshank (Tringa nebularia). From passerine common blackbirds : singing (Turdus philomelos), thrush (Turdus viscivorus), Redwing (Turdus iliacus), spotted thrush (Zoothera dauma); tits: willow tit (Parus montanus), tit (Parus ater), Tit (Parus cinctus); Goldcrest (Regulus regulus), rustic bunting (Emberiza rustica), Dunnock (Prunella modularis).
A special role is played by nutcracker (Nucifraga caryocatactes), spreading the seeds of stone pine, and helping it to take root, digging into the ground nuts. From finches most common red crossbill (Loxia curvirostra), and white-winged crossbill, finch (Fringilla coelebs) and brambling (Fringilla montifringilla), bullfinch (Pyrrhula pyrrhula), siskin (Spinus spinus), tap dance (Acanthis flammea), Schoor (Pinicola enucleator). From warblers - green (Phylloscopus trochiloides), Talovka (Phylloscopus borealis) and Chiffchaff (Phylloscopus collybita).
Several different ornithological mountain elfin forest. There are usually those kinds of birds that are rarely found in typical taiga forests. These include willow warbler (Phylloscopus trochilus), Yellow-browed Warbler, Black-thrush (Turdus atrogularis), little bunting (Emberiza pusilla), Bluethroat (Luscinia svecica). Here, the upper limit of the forest inhabited by ptarmigan (Lagopus lagopus) and grouse (Lyrurus tetrix), the number of which varies widely depending on the nature of spring.
In the area of ??mountain tundra inhabited by Rock Ptarmigan (Lagopus mutus) and meadow pipit (Anthus pratensis), which almost never occur in other habitats of the reserve. The rocky areas of tundra can be seen whinchat (Saxicola rubetra) and byknovennuyu heater (Oenanthe oenanthe).
On the mountain rivers is common Dipper (Cinclus cinclus).
The flora and vegetation
The cover is dominated by shrubs - blueberries, blackberries, etc., And green mosses and lichens. In the undergrowth - willow, wild rose, dwarf birch. On the flat terraced ledges developed mountain tundra with dwarf birch, lichen tundra with arktousom, and in the valleys, mountain passes - dryad tundra.
The vegetation belts goltsy - scanty, crustose and foliose lichens, bushy lichens, mosses, single copies of alpine asters, gypsophila of the Urals, and others.
The vegetation cover
mesophilic subalpine meadows
Located on the gentle slopes of the Ural Mountains and ridges Elovskaya Hoza-Tumpen, above the le-sa. Forb meadows with predominance of dicot herbs. From shrubs grow: Salix phylicifolia, S. glauca.
From grassy prevail: Thalictrum minus, Trollius europaeus, Veratrum lobelianum, Angelica sylvestris, Bistorta major, Rumex acetosa, Trollius europaeus, Geranium albiflorum, Geranium pratense.
Stony mountain tundra
It is found in the passes in the wide flat valleys and on the slopes of varying steepness. The soil is poor and dry. Plants stunted, lichens and mosses are found in small numbers. Shrub layer: Salix arctica, S. arbuscula, S. glauca, Juniperus sibirica, Betula nana. The projected coverage of about 10%. Grassy level: dominated by Dryas octopetala, grow: Festuca ovina, Anemonastrum biarmiense, Vaccinium uliginosum, Empetrum hermaphroditum, Salix reticulata, Bistorta major, Rhodiola quadrifida, Gyp-sophila uralensis, Silene acaulis, and others. The projected coverage of about 40%.
Lichen mountain tundra
In areas with steep slopes and pronounced erosion. Gravelly soil, dry and poor. Lichen cover developed badly, it occupies about 70-80% of the substrate. Number of small mosses. Woody dwarf usually not. Shrub layer weakly expressed. In it occur sporadically: Juniperus sibirica, Betula nana. Travyanisto- bush cover: Arctous alpina, Empetrum hermaphroditum, Vaccinium uliginosum, Vaccinium uliginosum, Festuca ovina, Anemonastrum biarmiense, Bistorta major, Diapensia lapponica and others. The projected coverage of 50-60%.
shrub-moss mountain tundra
On the slightly sloping slopes, saddles, terraced ledges. The soil is moist. Woody vegetation is absent. Shrubs unit: Salix arctica. Herb-shrub story is set between these bare clayey gravelly spots. It consists of: Dryas octopetala, Salix reticulata, Festuca ovina, Rhodiola quadrifida, Lagotis uralensis, Pachypleurum alpinum, etc.. The projected coverage of 10-20%. Mosses occupy about 30% of the surface to form sod in hollows and between stones and clay-gravelly spots.
The tree tier consists of Betula tortuosa with an admixture of Pinus sibirica, Abies sibirica. Crown density of about 30%. Shrub layer is weak. It consists of: Salix philicifolia, S. arbuscula, Juniperus sibirica. Grass cover is well developed, the height of 70-80 cm, projective cover about 80%. Distributed: Geranium albiflorum, Cirsium heterophillum, Veratrum lobelianum, Thalictrum minus, Calamagrostis langsdorffii. Moss-lichen cover is poorly developed.
The tree tier consists of Betula tortuosa, Pinus sibirica, Abies sibirica, Picea obova. Coos tarnikovy tier: Juniperus sibirica, Sorbus aucuparia, Salix phylicifolia. The grass-bush cover predominate: Vaccinium vitis-daea, V. uliginosum, Arctous alpina, Festuca ovina, Trientalis europaea, Empetrum hermaphroditum.
spruce-fir, cedar taiga
It occupies most of the territory of the reserve. The species composition of the tree layer: Pinus sibirica, Pinus sylvestris, Picea obovata, Abies sibirica, Larix sibirica, Betula sp. , Populus tremula; undergrowth: Sorbus aucuparia, Salix caprea, Padus racemosa, Rosa acicularis, Juniperus communis, grass-moss layer: green mosses, Linnaea borealis, Pyrola rotundifolia, P. chlorantha, P. media, Majanthemmum bifolium, Oxalis acetosella, etc..
Land with a predominance of stone pine are unique and are found in the rocky mountains Sklo-tries. It is extremely light, sparse forests with almost continuous cover of lichens.
Located in the eastern and southern part of the reserve. The most common Baguley-nikovo- cranberry shrub-grass and pine forests. Ledum-cranberry pro-izrastayut the lower slopes of the mountains and in the plains. Main plant shrub-grassy tiers: Vaccinium vitis-idaea, V. uliginosum, V. myrtillus, Ledum palustre. Mosses form a continuous ground cover. Shrub-grass pine forests occupy the middle of the mountain slopes. Main plant shrub-grassy tiers: Calamagrostis arundinacea, Crepis sibirica, Lathyrus vernus and other representatives of grasses. Mosses grow clumps.
In the main area are affected by fires in 1938. Coniferous species, pine and birch mixed in different proportions.