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Tuesday, 05 May 2015 00:39

Daurskiy Reserve

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The central manor of reserve is located at the address: 674480, the Trans-Baikal region, Onon district,. Lower Tsasuchei Street. Komsomolskaya, 76.

On the estate there are three one-story building, two office buildings and a garage. The office buildings are office and utility room, visitor center and guest housing for 6 persons.

The functions of the international scientific hospital base of scientific seminars, environmental camps, educational and industrial practice students of specialties provides a cordon made more precise, to the south of the eponymous ducts connecting Lake Barun-Torey and Zun torus.

Cordon Taly located in Mezhozere and serves as a home inspection task forces reserve.


State Nature Biosphere Reserve «Daurskiy» Located in the south of the Trans-Baikal region, almost at the junction of three countries: Russia, Mongolia and China. The area is strictly protected area - 49764 ha buffer zone - 173,201 hectares.

The reserve was established December 25, 1987 for the preservation and study of the unique wetlands, steppe and forest ecosystems Dauria.

This cluster (consisting of several individual sections) of land. The reserve consists of 9 sections, United protected area three separate clusters. Lake Barun-Torey with small areas on the coast, estuaries and Uldza Imalka - the largest portion, covering an area of ??about 43 thousand. ha. On the northern shore of Lake Zun-Torey included in the buffer zone of the reserve, covering the scenic hills are three small areas of the reserve area from 0.5 to 0.8 thousand. Ha (Chehalan, Ereldzhi, Cook-Hadan). Another area of ??slightly less than 0.2 thousand. Hectares includes track and broad floodplain Imalka. All five sections are united in a common security zone cluster.

The second largest cluster consists of three small areas (the area from 0. 06 to 0. 75 thous. Ha) on an array of Adon-Chelon also combined security zone. The third portion - steppe, located on the southern edge of the federal reserve «Tsasucheysky Forest», is also surrounded by a buffer zone, forms the third, the smallest cluster reserve.

For the convenience of management and operations of the whole territory is divided into conventional areas (under the name of the nearest towns) Imalkinsky, Kulusutaysky, Soloviev, Adon-Chelon and forest.

Our Reserve - one of the few exceptions to the system of protected areas of Russia, for which the area of ??the security zone around the protected area more than three times higher than the actual reserve. Established in the buffer zone mode allows you to ensure the safety of large natural complex, particularly remarkable abundance of birds, and to create conditions for the survival of rare species. Among them - the Mongolian gazelle and relict gull, nowhere else in Russia is not living, rare for the country and the world goose swan goose, bustard, white-naped crane. The reserve is managed by and federal reserves «Tsasucheysky Forest» and «Valley gazelle».

We reserve the Daur rich and interesting history. Despite the relatively small age, it confirmed the importance and value of several international conservation status. The reserve is a wetland of international importance (Ramsar Convention), key ornithological territory of Asia, a key crane's territory, part of the worldwide network of biosphere reserves (MAB UNESCO), is nominated for inclusion in the list of sites of World Heritage, includes (along with Reserve & laquo ; Tsasucheysky Forest») of the sole in Asia trilateral (Russian-Mongolian-Chinese) Reserve «Dauria».


The reserve is located in the south of the Trans-Baikal region in the Onon and Borzinsky areas on the border with Mongolia. The nearest village to the reserve: Solovevsk, Kulusutay, Ust-Imalka to Adon-site Chelon - the village of Loja.

The shortest distance from the district center of the village of Lower Tsasuchei, where the central manor, to the main portion of the reserve - 40-50 km. The largest portion of protected areas located in the basin Torey lakes in the lowlands of Lake Barun-Torey one portion - Imalka in the floodplain. Cluster 3 area Chehalan, Cook-Hadan, Ereldzhi - hill on the north shore of Lake Zun-Torey, 3 sites - rock buttes array Adon-Chelon.


The largest area of ??water objects are Lake Barun-Torey and Zun-Torey, and Imalka Uldza river and lake Umekey and Tsagaan-Nord, located in the buffer zone of the reserve. Torey lake - the largest in the Trans-Baikal steppe - are the remains of a large lake (Sea), 2400 reach sizes km2 and occupies a total area of ??Torey-Borzinsky watershed.

The composition of the reserve includes only fully Lake Barun-Torey forming a located in the buffer zone of Lake Zun-Torey single hydrological system. The ponds are connected by two channels of 200 - 300 m and a width of about 100 m. One of the duct, and operating at low enough levels, is made more precise name of the river. Torei watered river Uldza and Imalka that flow into the Barun-Torey, respectively, from the south-east and south-west. The main catchment area of ??watercourses within the territory of Mongolia.

Uldza River forms a vast delta at the confluence. Entering the swampy plain, it is divided into sleeves that are lost in the alluvial-lake sediments. Only two of them, called the rivers and Boroholoy Uldza are poorly designed bed.


Work visitor centers

The reserve has three visitor center - the central homestead in the village of Lower Tsasuchei; the cordon «»; made more precise in the representation of protected areas in the Trans-Baikal Territory Chita.

The visitor center You can absentia to meet protected area, watch movies, photo exhibition and an exhibition of children's drawings, see the literature on the reserve. There held meetings, lessons, lectures, game programs and other activities for visitors of all ages.

Environmental excursions

The ecological tour - the most effective form of environmental education. Watching excursions for the rare animals, getting acquainted with the unique natural objects, visitors are aware of vulnerability of the surrounding nature and importance of protected areas for its preservation.

The staff of the reserve and are designed four tour routes , which are located: on the reserve - 1 route, in the buffer zone - 1 in the Reserve «Tsasucheysky Forest» - 1, on the territory of the reserve of jurisdiction 1.

Routes located at a considerable distance from major population centers, which affects the number of visitors. Visiting protected areas is strictly regulated, designed for visitors to the rules of conduct.


international status

In a relatively short time of its existence, nature reserve received the international status in accordance with the various conventions and programs in the field of environmental protection, ratified or supported by the Russian Federation.

  • It is a part of the Russian-Mongolian-Chinese Reserve «Dauria» (DIPA).
  • Included in the number of Biosphere Reserves by UNESCO in accordance with the program «MAB».
  • Most of the territory, as well as part of the security zones are part of a wetland of international importance «Torey lakes» (Ramsar Convention)
  • On the Net Crane reserves Northeast Asia.
  • On the preliminary list of World Heritage Sites

    Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation 13. 09. 1994 № 1050 the status of a wetland of international importance ( The Ramsar Convention) received Torey lakes.


    Terms visits

    Before visiting the ecological routes is necessary to reserve in advance make an appointment by calling: 8 (30-252) 4 10-69; 8 (30-252) 4 15-59,, or write an e-mail. In the summer, make a request no later than two weeks before the planned arrival.

    You can leave the route as the transport of the reserve, and their own transport.

    Be sure to support personnel reserve.

    Not allowed to bring pets.

    Check on routes carried out in the village of Lower Tsasuchei, which is 240 km. from the regional center (Chita).

    The accommodation in the reserve and the buffer zone is not provided, overnight possible in the field, near the cordons. Meals in the field.

    Visitors to yourself, it is desirable to have binoculars; protection from the sun: hats, shirts with long sleeves (in summer).


    Environmental routes

    Reserve staff developed several tour routes passing through the territory of the reserve, its protected area, wildlife sanctuaries «Tsasucheysky Forest» and adjacent to reserves and sanctuaries territories. All the routes are combined, bus and on foot, designed to condition the minimum negative impact on ecosystems, and, at the same time, introduces visitors to the flora and fauna of the Dauria Steppe, historical, cultural and natural monuments of the region. Visit routes are possible from May to September.

    Route «Timeless Torey»

    Bus tour to the Torey lakes. The tour 8-10 hours.

    The length of the route from the village of Lower Tsasuchei to the farthest point - 80 km. The total time of - 8-10 hours.

    The route passes through the buffer zone of the reserve, visitors get acquainted with the flora and fauna Daurian steppes. The main attraction is the largest in the Lake Baikal Torey. On their shores and in the surroundings you can watch a variety of birds, among which there are rare: relict gull, goose swan goose, Demoiselle Crane and others.

    The Barrens around Torey lakes - the only place in Russia where lives and multiplies antelope, gazelle, free herds where visitors are guaranteed to see the route. Also, you can meet peacefully grazing languid camels and make ancient Buddhist ritual in the sacred mountain About Taly. Northern coast of Lake Zun-Torey - ridge of hills of volcanic origin. At the foot of the volcanic tuff visitors see happen findings Druze rock crystal and jasper.

    On a hot summer day bathing in the milky water of Lake Zun-Torey make a lasting impression on any tourist.

    Route «Adon-Chelon - herd of horses, stone»

    240 years ago, the beauty and uniqueness of the neighborhood admired the great explorer Peter Simon Pallas.

    The route combined bus and walking. The tour - 8-10 hours.

    The length of the route from the village of Lower Tsasuchei to the farthest point - 120 km.

    The tract Adon-Chelon is just over 90 km from the village N. Tsasuchei. On the way tourists get acquainted with the distinctive world of forest-steppes of Dauria, wide flood plain of the river Borzya. The walking part of the route passes through the reserve. It is equipped with a nature trail «Adon-Chelon - steppe miracle» (3.5 km), a tour of which lasted for 3 hours.

    The visitors of the route will have a meeting with bizarre heaps of rocks, its form reminiscent of a fairytale giant, now existing and extinct animals, ruined castles and cities. Guests will get acquainted with the trails flora meadow steppe (here marked by more than 360 species of vascular plants). And diverse fauna of this tract. In the rocks nest owl, kestrel, rough-legged buzzard, tawny eagle, belopoyasnichny Swift, rock-pigeon; live manul, zokor, roe deer and many others.

    The local inhabitants considered sacred tract, on the highest mountain massif About Tsagaan-built places of worship.

    Route «Tsasucheysky Forest - steppe pearl»

    The route bus. The tour 5-7 hours.

    The route length of 36 km.

    The tour passes through the territory of the federal reserve «Tsasucheysky Forest». On the territory of Southeast Transbaikalia no analogues to this unique pine forest. It is still a mystery the origin of the forest of the island, surrounded on all sides by the steppes.

    The dominant Boron is a pine Krylov, well adapted to the harsh climate of the Trans-Baikal. Vegetation boron represented mainly by steppe species, including many rare: Baikal skullcap, Daurian lily, dwarf lily, edelweiss and other edelveysovy. Interesting and fauna of boron. Here nest black stork, long-eared owl, goshawk and others.; lives roe deer density is the highest in the region. During the tour, visitors will learn about the origins of the legend of boron, and can watch the waterfowl on the lake Great Yaksha, located on the southern edge of the forest.

    Route «steppe legends»

    The route the bus with short foot transitions. The excursion lasts for 3 hours.

    The route length of 30 km.

    The route passes through the territory of jurisdiction reserve, on the left bank of the river Onon for natural, historical and cultural monuments of Priononya. Visitors have the opportunity to visit the tiled graves dating back to the early Neolithic era; hear the legend of the hero of the Buryat epic - Bogatyr Babzhi-Baras-Bator and conqueror Genghis Khan. Legend tells that it is in this area have found their last resting place of this great and bloody Khan.

    The route passes through pine forest «Tsyrik-Narasun» (In Buryat - «pine army»), is a natural monument of regional significance. The guide will acquaint visitors with the legends of the Buryat people of his origin. With the passage of the route, visitors will see the background and rare steppe plants (nitelistnik Siberian apricot Siberian, Baikal skullcap, day-lily small, clematis six-petalled and others.), And on one of the steppe lakes can watch waterfowl (Ogar, shelduck, demoiselle, swans).

Contacts

Additional Info

  • Country: Russia
  • State: Trans-Baikal Territory
  • County: Ononskij r-n
  • City: s Nizhnij Casuchej
  • Street, House: ul Komsomol`skaya, dom 76
  • Postcode: 674480
  • E-mail:
  • Site: http://daurzapoved.ru/
  • Phone: (30252) 4-15-59, 4-10-69
  • Fax: 8 (30252) 4-15-59

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