Darwin Nature Reserve — specially protected natural area in Russia. It located within the area of ??Cherepovets, Vologda region and Breytovsky district of the Yaroslavl region.
It was held July 18, 1945 specifically to study the changes in the wild after the construction of Rybinsk power plant and the formation of the Rybinsk reservoir in 1941. Protected lands are located on a large peninsula on the northwest shore of the Rybinsk Reservoir. The reserve area of ??112 thousand hectares, of which 67 thousand accounted for the land, and the rest of — in the coastal waters.
Well warmed shallows overgrown with water-loving and water vegetation: sedge, bulrush, cattail, bentgrass, alisma, sparganium, grechishkoy amphibians, pondweed, Eurasian water milfoil, hornwort and others. Most of the land reserve is covered with pine forests. These lands are rich in valuable berries: cranberries, cloudberries, blueberries.
The reserve is inhabited by animals and birds characteristic of the Vologda region. Here there are: marten, weasel, squirrel, otter, wolves, badgers, foxes, moose, hare, a lot of bears and wild boars. In thickets nesting owls, capercaillie, black grouse, greater spotted eagle, black kite, goshawk, sparrow hawk and a number of small Sokolkov. Now there is marked the largest in Europe, the density of nesting osprey and white-tailed eagle.
Since 2002, the reserve included in the international network of biosphere reserves.
The flat terrain Darwin Reserve poorly dismembered sparse hydrological network. After flooding remained only the upper reaches of the rivers - tributaries Sheksna and Mologa. Among bogs scattered two dozen small lakes. The largest among them - Iskretskoe and Morotskoe - are now in the buffer zone of the reserve.
The Nature Museum was founded in 1965, it is located on the reserve at the central manor d. Borok, Cherepovets District. The area of ??the museum is 200 m2 space of the museum is not heated.
The museum exhibits:
- 5 dioramas of landscapes Reserve with exhibits of animals (flood zone, the coal pit bog, peat island, South taiga);
- 10 glass cases with exhibits of fauna Darwin Reserve;
- 3 wall windows (Wintering birds, birds, preparing to fly away, Hedgehog)
Training and educational Environmental Trail Darwin State Nature Biosphere Reserve (Central Forestry sq. № 207) is located 500 m south of the administrative building in the village. Borok within the boundaries of allotments №№ 70, 71, 76, 78, 80, 81, 82 and 83 quarters of number 207 of the Central forest area close to the Rybinsk Reservoir. It is possible to familiarize with the nature reserve, biodiversity, the impact of the Rybinsk reservoir on the elements of the natural complex.
Description of the route:
1. Secondary birch forest ecosystem;
2. Moss pine forest ecosystem;
3. Forest taxation and geobotanical sampling area;
4. Ecosystem moss — berry pine forests;
5. Coastal vegetation, observation platform;
6. Old coal pit;
7. Artificial nesting goldeneye;
What to explore:
scratcher boar and bear,
observation platform (Birdwatching island Demidiha)
Designed for groups of visitors over 14 years old, a group of no more than 15 people, special training is required.
Entry (visit) Reserve
Upon arrival in the village on a long term (more than a week), citizens must register with the relevant forest areas of the reserve for three days. Arriving for a period less than a week must notify about this older Inspector for the Protection of Nature Reserves of the forest or the relevant inspector bypass (plot).
Visit the Central Estate Reserve (n. Borok) for the purpose of environmental education (children's expedition camp, guided tours at the Museum of Nature and the inspection of other objects in the item. Borok) allowed by prior agreement with the department of environmental education with the permission of the administration of the reserve only with a guide.