The Reserve "Upper Taz" Created on 24 denkbrya 1986.
Area: 631,308 hectares.
Hours: daily from 8.30 to 18.00
weekend: Suturday, Sunday
Lunch break: from 12.30 to 14.00
Time (time zone toward Moscow): +2
On the territory of the Upper Taz upland rivers originate such as Taz, Pokolka, Ratta, Kellog.
To preserve the rivers are characterized by moderate current, large tortuosity, presence of numerous shoals and relatively high banks. In some areas of the rivers meet the rubble. In the valleys there are processes of shedding and slumping high banks. .
The River Ratta, a left tributary of the first order of the Taz, the total length of 246 km.
The River pokolku, a left tributary of the first order of the Taz, the total length of 260 km.
The River Kellogg takes place in the southern part of the reserve and belongs to the Yenisei basin. Protected area covers the source and upper course of the river length of 73 km.
At the reserve there are two types of lakes differing in their genesis - glacial lakes and floodplain origin. Education First is associated with the formation of moraine glacial erosion plots of land waters, they are located on the watershed and usually have a rounded shape. Floodplain lakes are oxbow rivers, usually elongated, narrow width, with swampy shores and muddy bottoms.
Sobol in the XVII-XVIII centuries. Taza in the pool almost completely destroyed. By the middle of the XX century there existed only two of the hearth, in each of which, apparently, was a few dozen animals. One of them held a lot of dark coniferous taiga stretching 50-60 km Vatylke from its mouth, the other was the same in the riverine Urman, about 70 km below only. Noticeable populated areas sable began in the mid 50s and was mainly from the Yenisei River. Mammal sedentary, living in one place. Feed enough, eats from the hips to the capercaillie. Trees moved reluctantly. Females are smaller than males. Gon in sables July-August.
Currently, sable - the usual form for the Upper Taz hill. To reserve a pretty common brown bear, otter, American mink, ermine, fox vulgaris . Rare species of protected area are columns , during the existence of the reserve is marked three times; fox - Reserve quite far from their places of permanent habitation of the animals, there are usually only in the winter for the migration. Wandering animals move along riverbeds, learning while food resources lowland landscapes; wolf appear in the reserve during the autumn migration of elk. Occasionally observed wolverine.
Moose from the beginning of the twentieth century. up to 40-ies in these places virtually absent. The main reason - extermination by hunters. By the 40 th year of hunting in the forest population has declined sharply. Hinterland stopped visited fishers, allowing moose gradually restore its range. In 1944 he was first mined in the pool Taza elk, and by 1965, the beast became common in all parts of the taiga. Traces can be found in all types of forests. The total number does not exceed 300 individuals. This is a valuable animal in the life of the reserve, which complements the animal population with its beauty.
Brown Bear: a large predator, can be found anywhere. Unpredictable and inherently highly aggressive. There are no enemies, the number of the years different, but basically stable.
According to ornithogeographic zoning of the West Siberian Plain reserve refers to the upper-Taz ornithological site. Studies on the reserve recorded 97 birds different character stay.
The species composition of the richest in the floodplain habitats. Here is dominated by Carrier, Terek sandpiper, white wagtail, Lesser whitethroat, warblers - browed Warbler and Chiffchaff, black-Thrush, Willow tit, Yurok, Rustic bunting, Siberian rubythroat, Little bunting . In the pine forests is numerous spotted horse . In the ridge-hollow lake-marsh complexes are numerous nesting Scoter, Fifi and yellow wagtail . Numerous waterfowl: pintail, goldeneye, smew, red-breasted merganser.
Capercaillie - normal nesting species, grouse, black grouse rarer.
On the floodplain lakes and boreal deaf nests rare for Western Siberia whooper swan.
From the order Falconiformes registered osprey, black kite, hen harrier, goshawk, rough-legged buzzard, golden eagle, white-tailed eagle, falcon, peregrine.
Zoogeographically, the territory of the reserve is located within the Euro-Siberian subregion of the Palearctic region. Type the local fauna - Euro-Siberian. In the area of ??the Upper Taz upland areas the boundaries of many animal species.
The lack of past logging in the upper reaches of the Taz had a positive impact on the state of local fauna complexes. The territory of the reserve has not lost the natural uniqueness and is a true benchmark of nature.
vertebrate fauna has 140 species. The core of the population of terrestrial vertebrates is a complex of species typical of northern taiga subzone. This is mainly from the class of mammals. Amphibians and reptiles found only two species.
The upper reaches of the river basin and tributaries flowing into it are spawning and wintering salmonids.
In the waters of the reserve noted 17 species of fish Taz fish fauna characteristic of the basin, except for Grayling , who lives in the district. Kellogg related to the Yenisei River. The most valuable are whitefish, whitefish, peled, salmon, white salmon.
When you reserve a small museum of nature, which demonstrates the photo composition of flora and fauna of the West Siberian Plain and Upper Taz hill.
The exhibits of animals, birds, plants, fish, insects, and so on. N.
The reflection in the museum and museum exhibits nature reserve, especially during tours of the visitor center.
The Settlement - «Mangazeya» was founded in 1614.
The monument to the history of development of the Siberian North. From the village. Krasnoselkup can get water and air transport. Distance from district center 160 km.
400 years ago, the city was founded by polar Mangazeya. A monument of history, archeology 16-17vv. One of the first Russian polar cities of northern Siberia. Located in the lower reaches of the Taz River, on the right bank of the river at the confluence Mangazeyki (in antiquity Osetrovki), 11 km north of the village. Sidorovsk. Length along the shore p. Taz at 270 m., An area of ??about 3.1 hectares.
The city grew on the site of Mangazeya Pomeranian settlement on the river. Taz. Pomors floated here on «kochah» More from the 15th century. In 1598 for exploration Mangazeya land was directed by Ivan the Terrible Theodore Clerks, who returned with rich gifts in the form of furs. In 1600 Boris Godunov directed the first magistrates - Daniel Hripunov and Myron Shahovsky 100 sluzhivtsami. On the road, they had to fight with the local tribes. Built a fort, voivodeship courtyard, town hall jail cottage, barns, Trinity Church.
The name Mangazeya - received from the tribe Enets, a named molganzei, MOKAS, which roamed in the suburbs. Molgan - means the suburbs. Zeya - sign of a family belonging. The literal translation of - «marginal people».
The city had its own coat of arms. Emblem Mangazeev found during archaeological excavations expedition MI Belov (1968-1972 biennium). Textured bark (kind of wallpaper), offered for sale on one of the pieces, depicts the emblem Mangazeya - zakompanovanny deer in a circle.
After Mangazeya made in 1625 trip to Coche Russian peasant, navigator, explorer Habarov Erofei Pavlovich.
The city was divided into two parts - fortress with five towers: Ratilovskoy, the Saviour of the door, the Assumption, Davydovskaya, Zubtsov.
From Mangazeya walked the path on the north-east along the Yenisei River through a die Hudosey, Pokatku on Turuhan and Yenisei. During its existence Mangazeya knew and the rise and fall. Occurred here internecine wars, famines were fires. V1672 was Mangazeya was abandoned residents, because the attacks of local tribes and oskudneniya fur trade in the basin. Taz.
River «Cedar» (Todyttoetoyaha)
Zapolyarny small groves of pine and spruce. Meets sable, where the number of 22-24 individuals. By the 18th century sable was practically destroyed and never viewed. Individual, anecdotal evidence began to arrive in 1927. In 1961, there were small groups in headwater tributaries of the left. Taz (Ratta, pokolku, Karalka). But it was a casual meeting. At the organization of the reserve in 1986, the same sable was a rare beast throughout, but in 10-12 years the picture changes. Formed a kind of core populations from mammal began to settle down and meet Cedar River. Now we can say that the site of the former fort Mangazeya - occurred reacclimatization sable.
n. Long - Stalin building (1949-1953gg)
Salekhard-Norilsk was held at 57km north of Krasnoselkup. Preserved rails locomotive depot (Old) locomotive. 7 km - four-car platform. Mound camp prisoners. After Stalin's death railway construction stopped. The whole camp was converted to civilian settlement - fish factory, then in 1961 rybuchastok, and in 1963 the village was closed, people moved to Krasnoselkup.
Objects 501st construction - evidence of human tragedy, the sad chapter in the history of the North and the Yamal Russia.
I-501 «Stalin» building 1949-1953. a tragic page in the history of the region. Track, paved the hands of prisoners, the path to the permafrost, a road to nowhere. This construction of the Salekhard - Igarka, also known as the «Dead Road».
501ya railway construction and touched Krasnoselkup area. Sidelnikova patrol station «Long» is in Krasnoselkupsky area.
This place is the most valuable in connection with the offering here is almost preserved rolling stock (locomotives). Rolling stock is at a high bank of the river. Taz at a distance of 50 meters from the river, in the vicinity of the abandoned village of Long, and is represented by four locomotives with 15 trailed wagon. One of the locomotives (locomotives) of German manufacture. The remaining locomotives domestic production (early release in 1892). The assembly was carried out on all locomotive factories of the country. They are the basis locomotive parks, because the relatively light weight of locomotives of this type are allowed to use them on low rail track.
In 2008, the staff and students of the Tyumen State Architectural University was carried out to survey the territory siding «Long» and the surrounding areas.
At the camp revealed six barracks for prisoners; three objects of social and domestic purposes; presumably, sauna; dining room; Club; the central object for administrative purposes; residential facilities for civilian; guard tower and ancillary facilities.
Mangazeya course - Pass on Turuhansk operated until 1946.
Horse wooden road 9 km (Krasnoselkup - p. Pokolku - p. Baiha on Turuhansk). Mangazeya pass (dies) - the old course of Mangazeya on p. Yenisei. Portage known since Mangazeya. Out on it at Yanov Stan, who belongs to the basin. Yenisei. There were two passes - dry and wet. Wet, and it is mainly marshland, dragged doschanniki (500 kg), he was way around 7km. Dry, which before the war were laid «rails» made of wood and it «go» «», trolley right - pushed, the path was 10-10.5 km. On the pass was built hut, where people lived. «Rails» came to the river Pokatylky where did pass on the cargo boat. Ascent and descent along the river served 16 days in good weather.
Commemorative Medal - Center of the Russian Empire
Our state until 1917 as the Russian Empire had some boundaries as the Soviet Union has other, and after the collapse of the Union of the third.
Near the village. Ratta is a memorial - Center of the Russian Empire.
The famous Russian scientist Dmitri Mendeleev in his major work «To the knowledge of Russian» published in 1906 puts the description of computing centers of the Russian state, or rather its two centers - surface (geographical) and population. And this is the geographical center of Russia at that time was (with coordinates 63gr. 29 min. North latitude, and 83 c. 19 min. East longitude) on the right bank near the mouth of Taza confluence of the rivers Bolshaya and Malaya Shirta. At this place in August 1983 in honor of the 150th anniversary of the birth of Mendeleev was a memorable character.
Panorama damn lakes
Chertovoozerskaya marsh area located from the village. Just to the west of 70 km of 111 hectares.
pine forests reserve «Upper Taz»
The total amount of area occupied by pine forests - 377 thousand. Ha. Certainly, pine forests differ in their complexity. And it - belomoshniki, forb, grass-moss, pine woodlands and other species found in floodplains all zones. Forest basins and Ratta pokolku grass cover is different from the diversity of species in the reserve, where according to our information, there are 310 species of vascular plants.
In addition to the reserve, where there are cedar and larch lichen, in this form will not find anywhere else.
In its original form, there are areas of shrub tundra with all kinds of herb-shrub layer with different heights.
Marshes - is the value of the whole complex (landscape) reserve
Take a little over 91 thousand. Ha. Marshes upstream and downstream. Their value is that first beautiful berries, second - grounds for waterfowl and aquatic animals. The diversity of vegetation habitats in the mire complex causes moisture regime and richness of soil, so these two components build ecological system in any area of ??natural systems, both drained and not drained plains and flood plains.
There is a kind of vegetation that was formed thousands of years. Vegetation type - sfangovye, mosses, lichens - they betray the name. They are considerable reserves of berries and peat.
hummocky swamps sometimes overgrown woodland. Among each group marshes distinguish between degrees of watering overlooking a small lake, which stretches along the rivers, creeks and the bottom of the ravines. In their originality and is worth as: cranberry, blueberry, wild rosemary, moss and so. D.
Upland marshes - this wealth of berries - cranberries, lingonberries, cloudberries, found blueberries, blackberries. In the autumn of raised bogs accumulate small rodents, which are not averse to eat berries. Their value even in the fact that they are included in ecosystems as components of the territory.
Vegetation undrained habitats and vegetation growing on a solid thicker peat, represented by two or three bunk hydrophilic communities. In their composition, they vary considerably. In areas with high moisture dominated by some plants, sometimes sparse woodlands with the oppressed woody plants - pine, larch, cedar rarely encountered Kuta willow, dwarf birch. The moss cover is solid and is composed entirely of various mosses. Soils - peat-bog, ground water are near the surface. There are swamps transition, which in its vegetation is very different from the rich to the sedge grasses.
fens - mostly flooded vernal waters. Their value lies in the fact that in the spring they are a kind of «maternity homes» for semi-aquatic animals. Yes, and some birds like to arrange brood nests on tussocks of sedge in shelters on the shores of fens. Between hummocky water lasts a long time and chicks manage to gain strength for the winter and predators more difficult to reach them. Thus, the importance of wetlands in the lives of animals and birds - it's part of a whole. The total area of ??wetlands in the reserve is 14%.
river valleys - in the reserve flow in the meridional direction.