Bureinski reserve - Reserve a reference area of ??the mountain taiga zone east of BAM. It is located on the territory of Khabarovsk Krai Verhnebureinski area in the basins of Bureya Left and Right, between 51°40? and 52°30? north latitude and 134°20? and 135?10? east longitude. The closest town to the reserve, pos. Sophiisk, located 40 km from its western border.
The relief of the reserve is typically mountainous: the highest mark of the reserve is located at an altitude of 2241, the lowest 550 m above sea level. Over 252 km reserve is limited ranges in height from 1100 to 2300 m above sea level in the north - Ezopskim, east - Dusse Alin and south - Bureya. The southern boundary is along the crest of the watershed Lan - Booths (48 km) along the river. Left Bureya (about 20 km).
The reserve area - 358.4 thousand hectares. Buffer zone - 53.3 thousands Ha. Our Reserve — the second largest in the Khabarovsk region.
Highways on the reserve are not available. The northern part of the territory of the now-crosses of the old («Tsar») road connecting the village Sofiysk and area P.Osipenko. There is also an old abandoned horse paths extending mainly in the southeastern part.
To move to the upper reaches of the Bureya used boats - boats, rafts, and in winter - snowmobiles. In remote areas of the river can be reached only by helicopter.
The employees of the scientific department and department of protection during their stay on the reserve live in the cordon. By far the most comfortable cordons are: near the confluence of the right and left Bureya (cordon «Arrow», in order to get to it is necessary to overcome about 100 km along an abandoned logging roads to the mouth of the river left Uss, and then another 70 km upstream on the Bureya on the boat); at the western border of the reserve — cordon «New Bear», Can be reached by road high cross (about 230 km).
Bureinsky State Nature Reserve was established August 12, 1987 the RF Government Decree №334. During its existence was replaced by 5 Directors reserve (AG Zimin — 1988-1989, VN Kozhuhov — 1989 VV Kravchenko — 1989 SS Kamenev — 1990-1993, A. D. Dumikyan — 1993-2013).
The largest contribution to the development of the reserve made Albert Dumikovich Dumikyan that 25 years of his life dedicated to the protection and study of the unique nature commanded the upper river Bureya, of which almost 20 years as a director. After the departure of well-deserved rest Dumikovicha Albert, Vadim V. Reserve led Turchenko.
Nature Reserve different virgin and high preservation of natural biocenosis. up to 70-ies of the XIX century economic activities in the reserve was reduced to hunting Evenki. In the upper Bureya on the adjacent nature reserve areas in the 1874 were explored gold deposits. There were villages Chekunda, Ust-Niman, Ust-Diminish, Sofia. Around the same time, were discovered coal deposits of the river Urgal. Since the early 30-ies of XX century, they entered into commercial operation that resulted in the rapid economic development of the region. Until the end of the twentieth century in the area intensively operated mining and logging companies. After the start of the restructuring and to date their activity is gradually reduced.
The whole territory of the reserve is crossed by numerous rivers. The total area of ??the hydrosphere is about 1950 ha (0.5% of the territory). All rivers belong to the basins of the right and left Bureya.
Right Bureya originates from the southern slopes of the ridge Aesop. Its length is up to the merger with the Left Bureya is 106 km. River Valley is not developed, there are almost no terraces of the highest order. Throughout her rapids, flows one way. The main tributaries of the Right Bureya: Hypatia Wang, Kityma, Alakan, Sibinde.
The origins of the Left Bureya lie on the south-western slopes Dusse Alin. Its length - about 90 km. In the valley there are well-developed floodplain, channels and islands. Major tributaries - Korbohon, Brai, Kuraygagna, Kityma-Makit, Kolbondo, Burgalekan, Burgale, Bolchekta, Imganah, Lan, booths, Chaphoz.
Significant differences in elevation (1500-600 m) determine the rate of flow of rivers and streams, which reaches 2.5-4 m/s.
Degree of drainage area is high - an average of 0.3 km of drains on 1,000 hectares.
Rain power is 50-60% of the annual flow of rivers. A significant contribution is made of snow and icing water. We have the power and ground, although it is delayed cryogenic processes.
Precipitation throughout the year are unevenly distributed. Winter with little snow that causes small spring floods. Annual water consumption is determined mainly summer floods associated with the monsoon rains. They usually begin with the end of June and peak in July and August. Long-term and deep permafrost plays the role of impermeable horizon.
During floods characterized by rapid water level rising, and after - equally rapid decline.
Severe flooding (water rise up to 800 cm) occur once every 13-15 years, strong (up to 700 cm) - once every 5 years, conventional (600 cm) - every 3-4 years.
Notable objects hydrosphere are mountain lakes in circuses glacial erosion.
Circus lake is bearish on Dusse Aline at an altitude of 1600 m above sea level. m. To the west it is open, and on the other three sides enclosed by almost vertical rocky walls of porphyritic granites up to 300 m. The slopes are terraced down to the lake shore and the bottom is lined with boulders. Runoff from the lake hidden under stones and leaves on the surface of approximately 100 m. Further downstream the creek flows into another circus, with the Long Lake (1500 m above sea level. M.), Which is characterized by shallow and marshy banks.
The largest of the lakes Reserve - Korbohon, located at an altitude of 1160 m in the upper river. Korbohon, a tributary of the Left Bureya. The lake bottom is reduced to 2.5 m hollow, and then ends abruptly down to a depth of 8-12 m. In the middle of the bottom almost flat. The lake looks like a black oval with a light border, although the water is crystal clear.
On the eastern side Dusse Alin already outside the reserve, lies Lake Mountain. In the same area occur picturesque streams with cascading waterfalls, relating to the basin Nilan.
According to the degree of mineralization of water in the reserve are ultrafresh at pH - neutral, chemical composition -
to hydrocarbonate class, calcium group, the first type. The maximum concentration of ions is observed during the winter low water, the minimum - during spring floods and summer-autumn floods.
The content of nutrients and organic matter reaches a minimum in the winter time, and during the spring flood and summer floods rises to highest values.
Microbiological indicators Right and Left Bureya is the standard clear rivers, despite the fact that the microbial community Bureya and its tributaries has a low cleaning ability.
For 15 years, the reserve operates the Museum of Nature - Visitor Centre, where the round-table discussions, conferences, guided tours, lectures on environmental topics, using video equipment.
The museum of nature everyone can get acquainted with the natural conditions, plant and wildlife reserve and Bureinski territory Verhnebureinski area as a whole.
The exhibition is currently on display are three main collections: Bird, mammological (mammals) and a collection of butterflies. Collection of birds of the local avifauna includes more than 110 stuffed animals of 80 species. The collection of mammals represented most of the carnivorous mammals of the reserve, including almost all members of the weasel. In addition, there are brown bear, two wolves, musk deer, squirrel, deer and fox.
The ichthyofauna is represented by one species - eyed form Lenca.
Collection of butterflies has 51 exhibit. All collections are unique, even District Local History Museum does not have many of the exhibits. There herbarium (360 species of flora of the reserve). Missing background, as well as rare and protected species can be seen in the collection of hand-drawn inhabitants of the reserve.
The museum has a diorama of one of the most beautiful places in the reserve - Bear Lake.
Recently has been prepared an exhibition devoted to the historical object — «Kings Highway». It presents historical essay, photos, household items and tools builders of the road, play an important role in the early XX century.
The spacious room hall of the museum allows you to post in the future many more exhibits that will allow museum visitors to get an idea about the nature of the most remote parts of the upper part of the river basin Storm. But now the museum's collection is constantly updated, prepare dioramas.
In Bureinsky reserve designed following ecological sightseeing excursion routes:
- Helicopter tour
- Mountain Camp «Gremyachy»
- The Lost World Dusse Alin
- Rafting on the Right Bureya
- The Kings Highway
ROUTE «helicopter tours»
Characteristics of the route:
Length: 1 day.
The amount of time spent in the reserve : 1 day.
Length: ~ 10 km.
Terms of: standalone.
Location: is not required.
The nature of the route: mountain.
Sophisticated areas: are missing.
Group size: is not more than 20 people.
Age of participants: is not limited to, children accompanied by a parent or teacher.
The level of training participants: the presence of the travel experience is needed.
Season: June - September.
Support: must be accompanied by an employee of the state natural reserve «Bureinsky».
method of transportation on the route: hiking, helicopter landing on the ground.
Method of delivery route: helicopter.
Features of the route:
-vylet helicopter operating from the village.
Briakan district P.Osipenko, payment is made helicopter team leader yourself to the airline «», Orlan price depends on the number of participants.
A brief description of the route: A half hour flight and a helicopter with a beautiful mountainous country — Dusse Alin. Not for nothing this place was chosen second miracle of the Khabarovsk Territory. Mountains stretch in the heart of the Khingan-Bureya Highlands. Mountain peaks, unique glacial lakes, raging waterfalls, alpine meadows and alpine tundra virgin nature untouched by man, this is what attracts many tourists. Inaccessible areas making the place pristine and unique. Walk to these places is almost impossible to reach such a level expeditions require careful preparation. Here you can easily meet a bear, moose, caribou, deer in their natural habitat. Alpine mountains appearance is enhanced by sharp peaks peaks with deep, steep slopes. In late June, in the margins, gorges and mountain slopes in the shadow peaks are still snow, and the origins of streams - pearl icing.
The first landing of the helicopter will be made on the shores of Lake Bear named Far Eastern travelers - «pearl» Khabarovsk Krai.
«Pearl Mountains» — Bear Lake is located at the top of the ridge Dusse Alin at an altitude of 1600 meters above sea level and a depth of about 10-14 meters. Is a lake at the bottom of the circus — Stone giant boiler. On three sides it is fenced almost sheer granite, rocky walls, height of over 400 meters. At the top of the rocks end sharp ridges, so-called gendarmes. Bear Lake can be compared with a pearl among the mountains of the blue of its water column. Fish in it is not found. Around the unique alpine tundra. Near the lake there are rhododendron Redovskogo Red Book. Runoff from the lake hidden under stones and leaves on the surface of approximately 100 meters. Below the lake is a valley, separated from the lake rocky mountain wall. There is a lake Long — flow-through, with marshy banks overgrown with cedar elfin wood.
Then we will fly over the keys Waterfall, which is replete with waterfalls and is one of the most beautiful Dusse Aline. It begins in the axial part of the range of about 2 km south of Lake Mountain 7 km. key from the source passes through a narrow gorge with cascading waterfalls total height of about 70 m., the highest four waterfalls in the central part of the cascade, each of which has a height of 7-8 m. This part Dusse Alin truly is «country waterfalls».
One Flew Over The Mountain lake and stream valley Vodopadny helicopter to take the next landing on the moraine that the glacier has left very late glaciation (about 10 thousand. Years ago) at Lake Korbohon. «black crystals in a green frame» so called Lake Korbohon is located on a ridge Dusse Alin almost on the border Bureinski reserve. The peculiarity of the lake is Korbohon black water. The lake looks like a black oval with a light border shallow water. Korbohon — one of the deepest reservoirs in the Amur River basin and is the largest mountain lake in the reserve. With a depth of 14 m, the beach is lowered gently and then ends abruptly, which is not the lake of glacial origin. The surface of the bottom in the middle of the lake is flat, so the water in it, in spite of the perfect transparency seems black. If you type the lake water in the palm of it will be perfectly transparent to sample delicious, ultra-fresh research.
Lake Korbohon more interesting by the fact that it is the only lake where hobnob special kind of Lenca. Eyes korbohonskogo Lenca significantly more than the average Lenca because of this it is called «Popeye». It differs in size, color muscles of the swim bladder. It is also assumed that Korbohon lives relict glacial period — char-davatchan. Lake is located at an altitude of 1160 meters above sea level, length of 0.6 km, width 0.4 km. After inspecting the lake we fly back.
ROUTE «MINING Camp « Gremyachy»
Characteristics of the route:
Length: 11 days (active part of 8 days).
The amount of time spent in the reserve : 5 light days, 1 night.
Length: ~ 90 km.
Terms of: forwarding, complete autonomy, equipment, and equipment necessary to have their own, except for the
provided sanctuary to hire.
The nature of the route: Mountain, hiking.
Number of passes their complexity:
-Medvezhy (1705 meters 1B category of complexity),
-Snezhny (1509 meters 2A s complexity),
Valleys lakes (1,585 meters 1B category of complexity),
Vodopadny valleys (1300 meters N/A),
-Korbohonsky (1240 meters n/k).
Group size: is not more than 20 people.
Age of participants: 10-18 years accompanied by a parent or teacher. Over 18 in accordance with the level of training. The level of training participants: experience hiking, no medical contraindications, it is desirable to know the basics of the initial mountain training.
Season: June - September.
Support: must be accompanied by an employee of the state natural reserve «Bureinsky» and instructor.
method of transportation on the route: on foot.
Method of delivery route: helicopter from the village Briakan district Osipenko
Features of the route:
- base camp is located outside the reserve, near its boundary, trips to the territory of the reserve is carried out daily for radial routes and then return to base camp when visiting theFalls «Bear»
Overnight on the reserve
- You must be vaccinated against tick-borne encephalitis
«Pearl Mountains» —
Bear Lake is located at the top of the ridge Dusse Alin at an altitude of 1600 meters above sea level and a depth of about 10-14 meters. Is a lake at the bottom of the circus — Stone giant boiler. On three sides it is fenced almost sheer granite, rocky walls, height of over 400 meters. At the top of the rocks end sharp ridges, so-called gendarmes. Bear Lake can be compared with a pearl among the mountains of the blue of its water column. Fish in it is not found. Around the unique alpine tundra. Near the lake there are rhododendron Redovskogo Red Book. Runoff from the lake hidden under stones and leaves on the surface of approximately 100 meters. Below the lake is a valley, separated from the lake rocky mountain wall. There is a lake Long — flow-through, with marshy banks overgrown with cedar elfin wood. Bear Lake is located on the territory of the GEA Bureinsky.