In 1982, the Russian Far East in the basin. Botchi was organized by the regional value reserve area of ??239 thousands Ha. In 1984, according to the plan of development of a network of reserves of Russia until 2000 did the scientific community edge justification of the need to create a reserve on the basis of the existing reserve.
As a result of detailed research expeditions biodiversity Khabarovsk Krai in 1994 in Sovetskaya Gavan area existed on the site of the reserve was created Reserve Botchinsky.Area Botchinsky reserve is 267,380 hectares, it is located 120 km south of the city of Sovetskaya Gavan.
The northern boundary of the reserve Botchinsky passes through the watershed and river basin Mulpa Topty and watershed between the tributaries of the left and right Botchi tributaries Coppi.
The western boundary runs along the dividing range between the rivers Po-Dzhaus and Botchi, on the west of the administrative boundary Sovgavanskogo area to the watershed between the rivers Uyna and Neu.
The southern border - along the watershed between the right tributary. Botchi and left tributaries. Nelma continue along the ridge Misty.
The eastern boundary runs along the border of the forest zone waterproof 10 km from the coast of the Tatar Strait.
Inside the reserve settlements not.
The reserve territory is mountainous, located on the eastern slopes of the Sikhote-Alin. The highest point - Mountain Bo Dzhausa (1679 m) is located near the north-western border. Complex system of ridges and spurs cut wide honeydew and countless gully. Watershed mountain ranges rise to only 600-800 m, occasionally up to 1000 m above sea level. In the coastal area of ??ridges and spurs are moving in hilly plateau with considerable marks above sea level.
Within the reserve are well defined two high-altitude zones: the forest (mountain-taiga) and bald. Bald occupy a very limited space.
Botchinsky Reserve is unique in that river basin is a natural border Botchi Mezhuyev southern Manchuria and northern Okhotsk taiga, with a clear predominance of the latter.
Surprisingly beautiful and rich in our cedar-broadleaf forests! Entrance to the «green kingdom» - And immediately celebrate it contrasts plants often coexist with southern origin «northerners».
In the north, in our forests dominated by conifers: larch, spruce, fir.
Among the representatives of the Manchurian taiga meet grapes Amur, Manchurian Aralia, Actinidia kolomikta, lemongrass Chinese, Korean cedar, yew peaked, ginseng.
Botchinsky Reserve is unique in that river basin Botchi is the natural boundary between the southern and northern Manchurian Okhotsk taiga, with a clear predominance of the latter. Currently Flora Reserve «Botchinsky» has 650 species of higher and lower plants 490 species, of which 235 species of fungi.
The leading factor in determining the structure of the vegetation is mountainous terrain, the influence of the sea, fires. The last were the main reason for changing ecosystems pool. If at the beginning of the century the mountains that surround the valley in its lower reaches, were covered with thick pine forest, but now there is a continuous burning. Logging in the mouth Botchi contribute to a fire in dry years.
A similar pattern is observed along the whole river.
Mulpa. Only in the upper Botchi preserved large tracts of indigenous forest.
All the mountainous area Botchinsky reserve relates to the Sikhote-Alin District South subregion Okhotsk dark coniferous forests. In the upper reaches of the tributaries.
Iha and p. Mulpa developed larch forests. Thickets of cedar elfin wood found in the origins of the river. Botchi and its tributaries - Elizarovskaya rivers and Stepanov key. Fir - spruce forests are most common on the watershed between the rivers and Nelma Botchi and its origins.
Botchinsky Reserve is located in an area where there are jointly agreed and the inhabitants of the north and south.
This is where the special zoogeography: a resident of the north - grouse, side by side with fabulous mandarin duck, which has become the emblem of «Botchinsky Reserve».
At the reserve inhabited by black crane, Egyptian and Dall heron, fish owl, white-tailed eagle, mandarin duck, spruce grouse. In total, the reserve is home to 164 species of birds, 40 species of mammals.
This is from the time of the pre-glacial preserved in our region relic mammals: Amur tiger, marten. Together with the cold came to us animals north: lynx, brown bear, wolverine, & nbsp ;, sable and ermine. Clean rich in fish and river Botchi Mulpa, which is found & nbsp ;, whale trout, salmon, good food supply for birds, brown bear, otters.
A large number of ungulates - red deer, elk, wild boar, roe deer, food supply for carnivorous animals - tiger, wolf.
The number of Amur tigers in the reserve stable , as evidenced by the presence of not only adults, but the Tigers.
Hartha - the birthplace of its Indochina, in our country is found only in the Far East. These mobile animals live in families or couples. Marten very bloodthirsty. While hunting is the front, carefully examine the area, echoing and destroying all life.
sable and mink, weasel and columns, weasel and otter, badger and wolverine - all of these species live in the reserve.
To reserve zoologists area also poorly understood.
Because amphibians are found - Far Eastern frog. Reptiles - viper Sakhalin, Far Eastern cottonmouth, lizard.
The reserve is unique in that in addition to conventional plant species grow 33 species listed in the Red Book: Paeonia obovata, slipper spotted, calypso onion, Pacific saxifrage, yew and other spiky. Among the rare and endangered species, there are 22 species of birds: Intermediate egret, Far Eastern stork, lesser white, long-billed murrelet, black stork, mandarin duck, merganser, golden eagle, white-tailed eagle, peregrine falcon, spruce grouse, snipe, fish owl owl et al.; 3 species of mammals: Amur tiger, brown long-eared bat (bat), common shrew.