Director: Verbs Stanislav B., Ph.D..
Department of Environmental Education: 8 (85141) 3-63-13, deputy director for environmental education Shcherbakov Olga.
The scientific department: 8 (85141) 3-63-13, Deputy Director for Science Grebennikov Konstantin.
Protection Department: 8 (85141) 3-63-13, deputy director for the Protection of the territory Zharenov Mikhail.
The reserve is located on the northern edge of the Caspian depression, in the vicinity of the world famous Lake.
Baskunchak, for several centuries, which supplied salt Russia.
Administrative reserve is Ahtubinsk area of ??the Astrakhan region, near the border with Kazakhstan.
The reserve was established for the protection of old-growth communities and semi-unique - one of Russia's largest undrained salt lake Baskunchak.
Also protected mountain Big Bogd (149.6 m n. In. M.), One of the extreme southern peaks of the Urals.
Plot "Green Garden" protects polukulturny oasis of forest vegetation in semi-Caspian.
Here lies an important migration route of birds from the north of Siberia for the winter.
The territory of the reserve is rich in rare species of plants and animals, including species, nowhere else in the country can not be found.
In the area of ??the reserve is well developed karst, known for more than 10 caves.
One of the main attractions Achtubinskiy area is Russia's largest salt lake Baskunchak and the highest in the Caspian lowland terrain feature - Big Mountain Bogd (absolute mark of 149.6 meters) with extensive development of surface and underground forms of karst topography - beams, funnel, caves, grottoes, and so. n. In the area there are more than 30 caves, the largest of which is 1.5 km away.
Extremely kind of landscape and natural environment, the salty lake Baskunchak and only in the Volga this mountain - Big Bogd since ancient times attracted people's attention.
Therefore, it is impossible to name any famous traveler (among whom was the writer Alexander Dumas), passing the lower Volga and leave notes about this unique area.
Neighborhood Baskunchak examined many famous Russian and foreign travelers - naturalists and geographers: Lepekhin, Pallas, Gmelin, Tauscher, Humboldt, Klaus Baer and others.
They all celebrated features of the area as a wonderful monument of nature.
For most of the XX century developed various plans for the establishment of around Lake Baskunchak protected area.
Repeatedly proposed to include in the vicinity of the lake Astrakhan Reserve.
However, only in 1979 the decision of the Astrakhan Oblast Council of People's Deputies of Big Mountain Bogd acquired the status of a natural monument.
In 1983 he received a plot similar status "Green Garden"
Bogdinsko NIAGLOS them.
Orlov (now - land "Green Garden" Bogdinsko-Baskunchak nature reserve).
In 1985, a natural monument of regional significance was Sharbulak tract (extensive karst field adjacent to the Big Mountain Bogd).
Later, in 1993, both natural monuments were included in the existing now Bogdinsko-Baskunchak State Nature Reserve, covers an area of ??53700 hectares.
Part of the territory, and later became the Federal Reserve.
In the early 90-ies of XX century institution in the vicinity of Lake Baskunchak State Reserve was again included in the development plan for a network of protected areas have a new Russian state.
Officially Bogdinsko-Baskunchaksky reserve created by the decision of the Government of the Russian Federation dated November 18, 1997 №1445 on the total area of ??18,478 hectares and consists of two parts: the Lake Baskunchak (16,476 ha) and plot «Green Garden» (2002 ha).
During the existence of the reserve has accumulated a significant amount of information about its flora and fauna, soils, geology, and changes occurring in its natural complexes.
In 2012, these data were summarized in the monograph scientists " status and long-term changes in the environment in the territory Bogdinsko-Baskunchak Reserve.
However, to this day, many groups of plants and animals, and changes in their lives in the reserve remains understudied.
And, of course, the fragile nature of the steppe still requires careful protection, including education and careful attitude to it among the population, that is environmental education.
The solution of these problems and is now devoted to daily life and work of a small but friendly and dedicated staff of the reserve.
Ecological Tourist route №2
The ecological path «Legends holy mountain».
Ring the route on foot with a slight difference in altitude.
Length - 2.5 km
Time on the itinerary - 1.5-2 hours
The route starts from the car park on the eastern slope of the mountain Bogd.
Going up the flooring tourists visiting «Red scree» with colored streaks (gray, bluish, yellow, pink and red clay), get an overview of the Bogda Mountain, on the rocks comprising the mountain, paleontological values ??mountains, get acquainted with information about the erosion landforms in the reserve.
Moving along the trail with pointers, examine occurring rock weathering.
Seasonal route from early April to late October.
In general, going along the route should rely on their own strength.
With regard to walk the route is not too much difficulty, although there are some small climbs.
Required instructed about the passage of potentially dangerous sites trails (steep climbs, steep descents, and so on.
Recommendations for recreational capacity of the route
Permissible loads on sightseeing trail - not more than 5 groups per day.
The number of tourists in the group should not exceed 20-25 people.
Insurance liabilities must necessarily be made by travel company, Complete group.
Ecological Tourist route №3
Route length - 60 km.
Seasonal route from 15 July to the end of October.
Ring road route with little difference in altitude.
Designed for pupils, students and tourists.
Permissible loads on sightseeing trail - Group 1 a day.
The number of tourists in the group must not exceed 10 people.
Route begins at the entrance to the reserve.
Here tourists meet the reserve staff.
State Inspector acquaints visitors with the history of protected natural areas, rules of conduct and safety in the reserve.
Accompanied by an employee of the reserve group of tourists sent to the south-eastern slope of Big Bogd, where you can see spectacular forms of weathering sandstones - «Singing rock».
The path continues along the eastern slopes of the mountain, tourists admire the magnificent panorama Baskunchak salt lake, the tract Sharbulak and rising above a given area «Green Garden».
From the mountains Bogd tourists moving to the lake Baskunchak and along the coast are sent to «Bitter River».
The river is more than 40 km.
It originates far outside the reserve on the territory of Kazakhstan.
The next item on the inspection goes to a small freshwater lake Karasun.
Here you can see nesting and migratory birds, or traces wanders to hunt the wolf.
Next, the path lies to the north-western shore of the lake Baskunchak in the «Cave» beam, which examines the entrances to the cave «Baskunchaksky».
After the cave group goes to the village of Lower Baskunchak to visit the Museum of History Baskunchak solepromysla.
Almost complete circle and traveled around the perimeter of the neighborhood Baskunchak, the group goes to the very salty lake Baskunchak salt lake called the pearl of the Caspian.
Sightseers can watch the process from a distance on the lake salt production, work solekombayna, movement on the surface of the lake salt-laden trains and take a dip in the brine.
The final point of the route - «Marmara Lake».
Group examines gypsum quarry at the top and admire the extraordinary panoramic view of the azure lake surrounded by rocky shores. The route is completed. Tourists waiting for dinner at Cafe «Solonochka» n. Lower Baskunchak and leaving home.
Environmental education direction of the Reserve is relatively new.
Here there is an ongoing search for effective methods of environmental education, upbringing and education of the population.
Since the establishment of environmental education department in 2001 to organize work on environmental education in schools and preschools Astrakhan region.
In schools and preschool educational institutions on the program of environmental education «Our house - Nature» working children's ecological clubs.
Conduct environmental events, theatrical performances, quizzes and contests, interviews, lectures, ecological lessons, activities for landscaping, children's environmental camp for young naturalists.
For several years there were traditional events: the annual action «March for Parks», «Bird Day», «Earth Day», «World Environment Day», «Week Animal Protection», «Birthday Reserve». Department organized an exhibition of children's drawings, applied art, photography and literary exhibitions «Spring Awakening», «World of wilderness», «Leakey ancient mountains», «Unity with nature», «reserved nature», «Hello, bird country», «Protect priceless gift of nature».
The purpose of the activities undertaken with students, is the formation of the younger generation of environmentally oriented thinking and aspirations proactively and effectively participate in environmental activities, interest in the profession ecologist.
Over the past three years by the staff of the reserve is available supplement to the newspaper «Akhtubinskaya true» - «Lark».
Head of Environmental Education - Deputy Director for Environmental Education
O. Shcherbakov, Telephone department: 8 (85141) 3-63-13
Department staff: V. Konovalov, a specialist in environmental education
SV Laricheva, a specialist in environmental education
Flora Bogdinsko Baskunchak-reserve population of about 500 species of plants, some of which are listed in the Red Book of Russia and the Astrakhan region.
In general, the flora near Lake Baskunchak can be described as typical of the Northern Caspian, but some of its elements are particularly worth noting.
The most interesting component of the flora Reserve species are represented by isolated relict populations. Such populations on Caspian Lowland Related with salt-dome structures are removed from the main habitat for hundreds of kilometers.
Given that most of these species do not play a significant role in the composition of the modern vegetation, their presence in the flora gives it a unique look and demonstrates the complex history of its formation.
Most likely, the formation of such disjunctions areas is the result of repeated transgressions and regressions of the Caspian Sea, where the previous vegetation Caspian lowlands completely destroyed, except for certain species of flora and fauna in the salt dome uplift, the remaining islands.
One of the most important islands are not subject to flooding for a very long time, was present Bogd Mountain Big -
the most prominent local uplift on the Caspian depression.
Probably not completely flooded as a hill, located to the north-east of Lake Baskunchak: Wack-Tau-Tau and Cuba.
The list of invertebrate known to the reserve, has about a thousand species and is far from complete: many groups remain poorly understood.
Fauna arthropod neighborhoods Lake Baskunchak very diverse and complex in composition. Along with the widespread, Trans, Holarctic kinds of in her part of present European, Mediterranean, Pontiac and Turanian elements. The largest species variety of related with of B. Bogda and is attached to territory.
An interesting and varied fauna of amphibians and reptiles reserve.
Dry, hot climate, the lack of a large number of water bodies do not allow amphibians widely distributed in the reserve.
Of amphibians found common frog and green toad.
Ordinary frog is found only in Lake cordon.
In the reserve there are 13 species of reptiles: a colorful and fast lizard, sand lizard, takyr agama, Grass snake, Caspian (yellow-bellied), Pallas and patterned snakes, steppe viper in the lake Cordon lives bog turtle.
Of all the reptiles that live on the reserve, the most interesting squeaky gecko - a view which was first discovered and described in the Mount Bogda Pallas squeaky gecko - a typical representative of the arid landscape.
Place its distribution is limited to the southern and south-eastern slopes of the mountain Bogda.
Geckos stick to areas of saline Permian clay with cracks and voids in rock outcrops and do not occur on bare scree and gullies.
Animals are active at night and during the day hiding under rocks.
For gecko is important that under the stone, where it hides during the day, was a network of cracks - it probably makes it easier to transfer the animal heat.
In most sultry time geckos transition to underground lifestyle.
The fauna includes 225 species of birds.
The reserve territory with its diverse habitats attract a large number of birds not only steppe and desert, but the tree-shrub, water and wetland complexes.
Enriches the composition of the avifauna of the reserve location on one of the continental migration routes: here during the autumn and spring migration can be encountered species nesting north.
Relatively warm winter allows certain types of lead sedentary, while others spend the winter on the reserve.
The fauna of the reserve 30 birds listed in the Red Book of the Astrakhan region, 22 species (Dalmatian Pelican, Ferruginous Duck, Pallid Harrier, Levant sparrowhawk, buzzard, tawny eagle, greater spotted eagle, imperial eagle, white-tailed eagle, lesser kestrel, belladonna, little bustard, stone curlew, Sociable Lapwing, stilt, oystercatcher, avocet, curlew, Black-winged pratincole, black-headed gull, owl, gray shrike) listed in the Red Book of Russia, of which 9 in the IUCN Red List.
The mammalian fauna of the reserve has 47 species.
Within the reserve is found only mammal species listed in the Red Book of Russia - ligation, a small carnivorous animal, common in the southern regions of Russia.
To reserve is characterized by a large number of rodents, the background is kind of small gopher, the size of which depends on the year ranges from 0.5 to 7 individuals per hectare.
In some areas of the reserve land is completely covered rodent burrows, and out of the ground heard whistles continuously animals.
Gopher is well adapted to dry periods and as soon fade luscious vegetation occurs in the summer hibernation.
From other rodents in the reserve are yellow gopher, jerboas, hamsters, gerbils, voles and slepushonki.
The abundance of rodents feed creates a good basis for predatory mammals and birds.
An abundance of beams and funnels - ideal conditions for habitat fox, wolf Korsakov and that in these places dens.
Earlier, the area adjacent to the lake Baskunchak is the saiga.
It lies within the migration routes of this steppe antelope.
Saiga looks like a rather clumsy animal with thick and stocky body and slim, but lower down.
The distinguishing feature - the original form of his face, and in particular a device similar to the trunk of the nose.
Horns up to 30 cm curved in the form of a lyre, and are found only in males.
The back and sides summer grayish-yellow, limb below the knee darker, the neck and the front part of the body, as well as the inner part of the body, white.
The length of an adult male 1.3 m. Saiga antelopes live in small families, but in early autumn gather in herds and make transitions from one place to another.
The adult male is running so fast that neither horse nor hound dog did not catch up.