State Natural Reserve «Basegi» held October 1, 1982, in order to maintain a large array of indigenous Middle Urals spruce-fir forests located in the foothills of Basegi.
Protected area is located within the western slopes of the Main Ural Mountains.
It is located in the mining and metallurgical and Gremyachinskoe administrative areas in the Perm.
The very name of the reserve and the ridge has a value of «beautiful».
Ridge is surrounded on all sides by the vast overgrown logging, with its slopes drains clear mountain streams and rivers.
All of them - the spawning grayling and trout, and their water is fed tributaries Chusovoi.
On top of the ridge runs a unique mountain-tundra zone.
Just below the tundra - amaze subalpine meadows.
All together - places of concentration of rare plant communities and rare species of flora and fauna.
Forest Reserve - Last not refined taiga array western part of the Middle Urals.
As a reference object of natural taiga ecosystems Ridge Basegi represents a significant scientific interest, because
Standard natural ecosystems give scientists a unique opportunity to study natural processes, not distorted by the influence of man.
The reserve covers an area Basegi ridge, which is a meridian, parallel to the main Dividing Range and stretches from the river valley.
Usva in the north to the river.
Vilva the south.
Its length is 24 km.
The reserve area - 37957 ha.
, The area of ??the buffer zone - 21345 ha.
Height from 600 to 900 m n.y.m. Most steep slopes in the area of ??the main peak.
Basegi - one of the most beautiful and highest mountain ranges of the Middle Urals.
It effectively stands out among the low sloping ridges forming the surrounding terrain.
In the biological and biogeotsenologicheskom aspect should be noted that here presented:
- A unique blend of European and Siberian boreal flora at penetration on the southern slopes of the elements nemoral flora;
- Zone hybridization spruce and Siberian spruce;
- Intact plant communities dominant in the Western Urals dark taiga.
During its existence became Reserve Reserve maintaining and increasing populations of wild animals: marten and mink, elk, and foxes, bears and squirrels.
Settled in the surrounding forests grouse, grouse and capercaillie.
Run and fly through the protected forest 50 species of vertebrates and more than 180 species of birds.
Lists containing hundreds of species of invertebrates and their inventory is incomplete.
Biodiversity of flora more impressive.
Within the reserve are protected by 526 species of vascular plants.
Many plant and animal species of the reserve are listed in the Red Book of different ranks.
This is several kinds of Dactylorhiza, calypso onion, Lobar lung, goose onions Nenets, Rhodiola rosea, Ural gypsophila, Lingzhi mushroom and some others.
All this protected species richness environmental inspection.
Service inspectors is not easy and sometimes dangerous.
Winter and summer brings forest protection service.
In addition to the protection they have to contain forest cordons, technology, and they help in tracking the status of forest plantations, the life of the forest, with the number of indigenous forest dwellers.
Nearly 20 years in the reserve to carry out environmental monitoring complex.
Painstaking daily observations for climate and weather, for the waters of the
and the soil gradually accumulate and become the scientific foundation on which to build a science of ecology.
Year-round monitoring the status of populations of wild birds and beasts conducts scientific departments.
A new priority for the Reserve
become environmental education activities.
The reserve is a department of environmental education.
All year round the door open to the public information center of the reserve, lectures and discussions, various environmental game programs, festivals and events, including the March for Parks.
In the summer and autumn in the reserve is functioning ecological trail that runs along the northern side of the mountain Basegi.
Printing products published on reserve.
History Reserve «Basegi»
A milestone in the environmental life Prikamye in the 80s of the last century was a struggle for the establishment of the reserve «Basegi».
The organization of the territory, subordinate Gremyachinsk and metallurgical area, the reserve has a long history.
For the first time the establishment of a reserve rang in 1947 at a meeting of the Academic Council of course - Research Institute (ENI) at the Perm State University.
Famous scientists Krasovskii PN and AN Ponomarev offered organize Basegi reserve, given the uniqueness of the floristic composition, richness of the landscape and the specific site conditions.
oldest forester Urals Kerzhentsev NI has again raised the question of the organization of the reserve in order to preserve the typical mountain forest areas.
This idea was supported by the local authorities, and the Alexander City Council made a decision to create a national park.
The total area was determined in 106 thousand. Ha.
However, most of the forests, which were scheduled to give a reserve of forest enterprises transferred Minlesproma USSR, and began their industrial felling.
In 1975, the Presidium of the Gornozavodsky District Society for Nature Conservation (chairman of the society Borovikov NA) adopts Resolution «About the organization reserve the mountain forests of the Middle Urals».
In 1977, employees of the Perm Forest Experimental Station Voronov OI, OE Shergold, Kanis GN prepared proposals for technical - economic study on the establishment of the reserve «Basegi».
In 1978, the district Basegi went first expedition, organized by the Department biogeocenology and Environment (BCP), headed by the head of the department Voronov GA Under the leadership of GA Voronov started working complex expedition confirmed the uniqueness of this area February 14, 1979 Executive Committee ruled №32 «On the nature reserve «Basegi» in the district of the Perm region Gornozavodsk» 35. The area of ??8 ha. he called botanical and faunal was to create «launching pad» to build on its base reserve.
On behalf of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR State Planning Committee reviewed the decision and rejected, indicating the failure of the feasibility study, the discrepancy solutions with one of the items «Fundamentals of Forest Legislation» and the lack of guidance on the departmental affiliation of the reserve and its sources of finance.
In this regard, the Perm Executive Committee instructed the Department of BOP Perm State University in conjunction with the Department of Forestry to develop a project of the reserve «Basegi».
Expeditions, conducted during the 1979-1981 biennium.
university staff, students and scientists MSU scientists ENI, employees Forestry Administration, gave an idea of ??the landscapes, the nature of the vegetation, soil cover, features of flora and fauna.
The only suitable area was mountainous area Basegi ridge, where pristine condition srednetaёzhnye preserved forests where it was possible to preserve landscapes, which play an important habitat-forming and water protection role.
By the end of 1980, a draft organization of the reserve.
Thus, the creation of the reserve was sorely needed.
Scientists and the public was able to convince the authorities that the preservation of the ridge Basegi in its natural state will help to avoid a number of hazards: shallowing water courses, including tributaries of the Chusovoi;
extensive development of erosion of mountain slopes;
sharp depletion of valuable plant communities;
reduction in the number of game animals.
Among other things, «valuable» forests are more gentle slopes of the ridge at that time had been cut down, and resistance Minlesproma weakened.
Finally, February 11, 1981 Perm Oblast Executive Committee ruled №25 «About the organization Reserve «Basegi»», which is only one and a half years, after extensive meetings in various departments, publications in the press in support of the creation of the reserve was approved October 1, 1982 decision of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR №531.
However, from the original planned area - 38 thousand hectares. Reserve was passed only 19. 4 th. Ha of land fund.
However, the reserve was created, and this was a great victory Perm scientists and the scientific community in the protection of nature Kama region.
All these years of struggle for the establishment of the Reserve (since 1978), namely the Department staff biogeocenology and conservation of the Perm State University, the head of its Ravens GA (Doctor of Geographical Sciences, Professor, Honoured Ecologist of Russia) were the driving,
consolidating force, bringing together scientists and the public in organizing the first national park in the Perm region.
Only in 1993 as a result of the persistent efforts of scientists (primarily members of the Department and Environmental Protection biogeocenology PSU), administration of the region, a number of publications area of ??the reserve was increased to 37,922 hectares.
From 1982 to 1985 members of the department conducted a detailed inventory of the flora and fauna of the reserve «Basegi».
The greatest rise lesorezhimnogo, economic development is marked in the reserve from 1985 to 1986.
It was then thoroughly incorporated material base: forest and created a protection system built cordons, to buy a machine and Technology Park, and appeared in the housing 8 houses.
Since 1986, began operations research department, headed by Rubinstein VZ, in 1987 he became director of the reserve.
That's when Rubinstein VZ went intensive preparation for the expansion of the reserve and the opening of its new Vishera based branch, which in 1991 received the status of an independent reserve.
In 1987, the first book was compiled «Chronicle of Nature», 1989 - second.
In 1991 he created the third book «Chronicle of Nature» for the 1987-1989 biennium.
Since that time, the book compiled annually.
Lack of funds for the maintenance of reserve and environmental monitoring makes scientific departments seek contractual work to win grants and maintain the desired program due to third-party tools.
Since 1995 until today, the research department of the reserve uses the benefits of contract work for the implementation of research required reserve.
In particular, it is possible coverage areas outside the boundaries of the reserve.
This allows you to collect information on the distribution, abundance and partly ecology of rare species of flora and fauna.
In addition, work is continuing on the development of a database of environmental monitoring for all the years of existence of the reserve.
The transition to a new level creating electronic forms «Chronicle of Nature», possible technical processing of the material can make some generalizations of years of research.
Today, the reserve extended twice and is 37 957 ha, though the area has decreased and the buffer zone is 21,345 hectares.
We reserve has its own «address».
A laboratory monitoring of the environment with a field branch in the reserve.
Here, on the territory since 1995, operates a research hospital;
experience of the scientific department interested colleagues from near and far abroad.
In the reserve, despite all the economic difficulties, the necessary volume of the planned research, reserve-operating and environmental education, developing the study of the natural landscape of certain areas, a new attempt to expand the territory at the expense of deforested areas around the reserve.
In 2001, the State Nature Reserve «Basegi» a department of environmental education.
Members of the Unit carried out the organization and implementation of environmental education.
Support for environmental education and education staff have the scientific department of the reserve.
There is a certain infrastructure: information center in the administration building, nature trail on the reserve.
Organized and outreach to educational and cultural institutions.
Environmental education activities are carried out in the following areas: working with the media, museum and the organization of information centers for visitors, ecological tours, work with students, interaction with teachers, the organization of environmental festivals and events, and so on. D.
The base of active environmental education Reserve is a natural museum exhibition and information center in the administration building.
Here are constantly drawn various exhibitions.
In the information center, you can watch films about animals and plants, on Reserve «Basegi» and other protected areas.
Work with students is one of the priority areas of environmental education activities Reserve «Basegi».
That children are the main participants in many activities.
Annually, there are festivals and events, contests and quizzes on various dates environmental calendar.
Become traditional in our small Ural town Gremyachinsk environmental action «March for Parks».
In recent years, thanks to the efforts of the reserve learned about this action and in other localities of the Perm region.
In the summer-autumn period effective form of work has been and remains cognitive ecological excursions.
To this end, the reserve was created and functions ecological route sightseeing «To the top of the North Basegi».
In modern conditions of environmental education activities aimed at achieving the following objectives: raising the status of the reserve «», Basegi creating a positive image of Protected Areas - a unique part of the national natural heritage.
Staying on the reserve of foreign persons who are not his employees or officials of the
Ministry of Russia is allowed only if they have the permission of Ministry of Russia or the administration of the reserve.
Visitation conservation area is strictly regulated.
They are carried out in accordance with the «limited to the economic use of the territory and natural resources, not including high-value ecological systems and objects within the territory of the Federal State Institution «National Nature Reserve «Basegi».
Tour visiting the reserve can only be accompanied by an officer of the reserve, movement Environmental route, ecological trail - only on foot or (in winter) skiing.
The order of registration of visits:
All visits must be documented:
1. There should be a pre-order (by phone, email or in writing) to visit stating the purpose and form of visits, time visits, number of people, the degree of preparedness;
2. documents confirming permission (permit) executed properly at the central office of the reserve (Gremyachinsk, Lenin Str., 100), in the presence of the applicant or a representative of a group of tourists to the provision of identity document, with mandatory registration in the visits released individual or team leader for compliance with the rules of the protected mode, fire safety, general safety;
3. When you register to pay for services, grant aid.
4. authorization documents shall include all forms of payment, the authorized activity, accompaniment.
5. The visitors are familiar with the rules of the visit, the behavior on the reserve, safety and fire safety, receives an initial idea of ??the PA.
6. The document authorizing the visit, signed by the Director and shall be certified by the official stamp.
Used forms are collected and an accompanying person shall be mandatory in the department of environmental education.
7. Do not use the Forms are not subject to re-use.
The procedure for using ecological trails visits for the purpose of environmental education are carried out only in a designated location on the ecological trails located within the North Basegi in blocks 31,23,24,16 Usvenskogo district forestry and ecological trail in South Basegi near cordon Korostelevka (sq. 8,9,10, buffer zone and square. 96 and 91 Korostelevskogo forest district).