Contact phone :
Tel./Fax: 8 (47246) 05.06.16 (Director)
Tel./Fax: 8 (47246) 05.03.15 (Department of Environmental Education)
Tel. 8 (47246) 07.05.01 (accounting)
Director of the Reserve : Shapovalov Alexander S.
Ass. of Director of Conservation area: Zhemchuzhnikov Alexander S.
Ass. of Director of Environmental Education: Anikeenko Elena
Ass. of Director for General Affairs: Savitsky Andrei
The Reserve «Belogorie»
located in the European part of Russia, on the southern and south-western slopes of the Central Highlands, the territory of Borisov, Gubkinskoye and Novooskolskiy Belgorod region.
In the immediate vicinity of rivers Vorskla, GEST, Loknya, Oskol, Stary.
Plots belong to the territory of the reserve Don and Dnieper basin.
Groundwater depth at different sites ranged from 3 to 30 meters.
The area of ??the reserve is characterized by a temperate continental climate with long hot summers and fairly cold winters.
The average annual temperature + 6 & deg; C, the average temperature in January - 8,1 & deg; C, July +19,9 & deg; C.
In winter, temperatures can drop to -37 & deg; C, and in summer reaches +40 & deg; C.
The frost-free period of 155 days a year.
Average annual amount of precipitation of 530 mm.
per year, about half the summer precipitation.
Weather patterns determined by its position in the contact zone Atlantic-continental and continental climatic regions.
Prevailing in spring and summer western and south-western winds bring rain and penetrating to the east and south-east continental air masses are in the winter cold weather, spring and summer - hot winds.
In general climatic resources of the region ensure the development of both forest and steppe vegetation, but the short period with an optimum combination of conditions (from late spring to summer droughts) and especially soil moisture regime put on the brink of a favorable climate, especially for trees.
The reserve distributed typical, leached, ashed and ordinary chernozems and gray and dark gray soil, which is characteristic of forest with a predominance of both steppe and forest vegetation.
The most fertile typical, leached and ashed black soil with humus content in the upper soil horizons up to 12% less fertile ordinary chernozems, serye- and dark gray soil - 2-8%.
Soils «Yamskaya Steppe» are particularly valuable, as reserves of nutrients yamskih chernozems are unmatched in Europe.
Under the steppes Reserve humus layer thickness up to 1 meter or more.
Around the globe not find a place with such a natural landscape, so steppe reserve are the standard and are of great scientific interest as an experimental model.
The reserve is preserved unique set of landscapes and ecosystems typical southern European zonal steppe subzone Upland, chief among which are upland oak woods on gray and dark gray forest soils and upland virgin feather-forb meadow steppes with unique floristic richness on powerful typical chernozems.
Natural Park «Valuysky»
located in the extreme southeast of the region in the Northern subzone of steppe zone busy forb-fescue-feather grass steppes on ordinary chernozems.
The Reserve "Belogorie" - is not only a unique natural complexes, but also a rich historical heritage.
The age-old oak forest.
old-growth upland oak forest, located on the right bank of the Vorskla River, is the standard of the Central Russian upland oak woods.
Forest areas over the age of 300 years, cover an area of ??about 130 hectares.
in the forest & quot; Forest on the Vorskla & quot ;.
Oak older age on the territory of the Central Russian steppe not.
Three-century giants raise their crown to a height of 28 m. And reach 1.8 m. In diameter.
Next to the oaks grow here linden, ash and maple trees as a ripe old age.
The lower tier is occupied by trees satellites and kustariniki: elm, wild cherry, pear, euonymus, and others. Due to the high canopy cover in the summer ground cover in the forest is not developed, but in the spring of Dubrava
appears in all its glory: blue, purple and yellow lakes Proleski, hahlatki Anemones and follow each other alternately in April-May.
Tselinnaya feather-grassland steppe.
It occupies the greater part of the territory Yamskoy steppe.
It is characterized by high and thick grass cover, an extraordinary brilliance and multiple aspects of the changing seasons.
What you see and are seeing now, is not like the fact that it was a week ago.
Set colors and shades simply amazing.
Spring and summer meadow-steppe grasses forms a bright carpet, continually changes its color due to the variable mass flowering of different kinds of herbs.
During the season there is 5-8, sometimes 12 aspects.
Relict plant communities Cretaceous rocks formed endemic to the southern slopes of the Central Russian Upland.
These plant communities can be seen on sites «Bald Mountain», «walls Izgorya», «Yamskaya Steppe», in prirodnm park & ??quot; & quot ;. Valuysky
They are characterized by species such as Carex humilis, Androsace Kozo-Polyansky, shiverekiya Podolsky, Onosma simple, thyme chalk, linen many years, ragwort Shvetsov and others. This kaltsefitno-steppe communities, combining elements of alien floras and relic plants.
All of them are related to alpine plants of southern Siberia, Mongolia, southern Urals and in part of Central Europe.
In our conditions, these plant communities occupy the slopes with the release of Cretaceous rocks with similar conditions, but at lower elevations than the subalpine and alpine zones in mountainous areas.
In Yamskoy steppe two groups of mounds.
Archaeological research of one of them - the burial mounds "Yamskaya Steppe" identified three burial.
The most ancient burial is interment 3 created by members of the Catacomb culture of the Middle Bronze Age.
Ceramics can be dated to the time 25-22 centuries.
Around the mound was constructed ditches ritual that places survived to this day.
Monument start XX century.
Central Estate Reserve is located in the former Bogoroditskaya-Tikhvin Monastery, founded by Count Sheremetev.
The monastery has existed for over 200 years and was abolished in the autumn of 1923. Part of the monastic buildings survived to the present day.
From the former monastery cemetery was one monument, which was at the grave IA Klimenko, deceased in 1905.
The monument is made of a rare mineral of volcanic origin - Labrador and has the shape of a tree trunk.
Start Backup «Woods on the Vorskla»
- The age-old oaks on the hill district.
Vorskla marked the creation in 1640 of the Belgorod region Hotmyzhskogo defensive line to protect the southern borders of the state of Tatar and Nogai raids (Zagorovsky, 1969).
In the history of Russian defensive line known since the time of the Mongol invasion.
The first of them (Zaokskaya, Shack, Ryazhskaya et al.) Were located in forest areas.
The defensive line is tremendous natural and engineering facilities, which include natural obstacles (impenetrable forests, swamps and rivers) on the one hand, and artificial barriers (fortress, forts, watchtowers, ditches, dragon's teeth and so on. D.) On the other.
Forest debris, the width of which often amounted to more than 100 meters, were almost impassable for cavalry.
Actually conservation value zasechnyh forests is that their military-strategic role for the state defined exception here almost all kinds of nature and, therefore, the preservation of old-growth stands.
Character set for forest defensive line mode and responsibility for its violation illustrates an excerpt from the king's punishment sent Belgorod governor: «steward is and Governor Prince Feodor Volkonsky looks and take care of it firmly, and all sorts of Belgorod and the serving people zhiletskim order to inflict the death penalty under the strong, that they Belgorod protected forest and other causal places Polski and Russian side, followed by castles and forests of military
ukryttsa people and stay mochno, forests and trees are not flogged nikakova not podluplivali and through forest reserves did not go, and roads and stezhek not overlap, and arable lands in protected forests do not start and does not plowed & hellip;»
Despite the complexity of controlling the implementation of the royal prohibitions to porubschikam and similar offenders really apply strict punishment.
Renowned historian JH Miklashevskii (1894) writes: «So Karpovskiy governor (fortress city Karpov was located upstream of the river. Vorskla, about 25 km from the present territory of the reserve) said once that knights villages Glinski Mischensky and cut down the spring 1644 91 tree from the protected forest that began immediately after their backyard.
In response to this runaround followed by a decree: «& hellip; those thieves who committed the poruhu in protected forest & hellip; beat the whip, and the other a whip and inflict punishment put them in jail and take on these handrails record that they continue to so do not steal».
We have evidence Yeropkina magistrates that he performed in front of the hut I will go to him and prescribed beat porubschikov «whip, and whip and other mercilessly».
By the end of the 17th century, the land south of the Central Chernozem region and adjacent areas of the left-bank Ukraine became heavily populated and assimilated.
Belgorod feature lost its strategic military importance, which entailed cutting and reduction of forest area.
The question of how much hurt at this time forest plantations in what is now the reserve remains unexplored to date.
It should be noted that the once it is in place zasechnyh forest was established a number of nature reserves, including the «Forest on the Vorskla».
The next stage of the history «Woods on the Vorskla» associated with the activities of Peter I and his associates, the first Russian Field Marshal Count Boris Sheremetev (1652-1719).
Numerous well-known decree of Peter I on the protection of forests.
Thus, according to the decree of 1701 Forest clearance for arable land and meadows permitted only 30 miles from the shores of rivers suitable for floating timber.
Decree 1703 also prohibits the felling of trees on the 20 miles from the small rivers.
In water protection forests were excluded not just logging, but also grazing.
Declared «of protected» valuable for ship timbers: oak, pine, larch, maple, elm, elm.
For the protection of forests establish special forest guards.
Penalties for violations of these prohibitions were extremely strict: «For oak, Bude at least one tree cut down, and also for the many forests incisions, the death penalty is inflicted» (Reimers, Shtilmark, 1978).
In 1705 Borisov settlement with the surrounding lands passed into the possession of Count BP Sheremetev.
With Borisov time the estate was the largest fiefdom Sheremetevs in southern Russia.
Organization «Order groves», along with the base Borisov nunnery, traditionally attributed Sheremetev.
On the establishment of the monastery survived quite a number of archival documents and literature.
Materials as the establishment of a protected natural area in the archives so far not been found.
And, nevertheless, organization «Order groves» in the context of historical events could only occur during the life of BP Sheremetev.
There is no doubt an undeniable merit of the king and reformer, but only indirectly, as Peter I did not attend Borisov behalf of his associate (Ohrimenko, 2000).
The first mention of «Grove Customized» Borisov in the Sheremetev estate belongs to the literary sources of the 19th century (Dittmar, 1928).
Later, Professor SI Malyshev (1928) describes the familiarity with the private «reserve»
in pre-revolutionary years: «Sign in «Commandment»
to outsiders allowed only by special tickets issued by the Bureau of Forestry, however, is free, but after a detailed survey on the purposes and intent visiting the forest.
Needless to say that in the «Commandments» prohibits any damage by cattle, breaking of branches, hunting and so on;
it was forbidden even to gather mushrooms and berries that grew and zrevshie there in abundance».
Despite the fact that the Order grove observe strict protection regime, to speak of the existence of here before the revolution Reserve (Krasnitskogo, 1983) or the hunting preserve (Goryshin, 2004) is not correct.
According to the purpose it was more complex reserve or reserve.
In addition, from the late 19th century, there have been started clearcutting and forest plantations laid.
However, the existence for two centuries, until 1917, a private protected area allowed to keep only the age-old plot upland oak woods as a benchmark natural forest stands of forest-steppe of the Russian Plain.
During the First World and the Civil War, post-war devastation were difficult period Order in the history of the grove.
Barbarously cut down the forest, hundreds of livestock grazing in oak, on clearings arranged gardens.
The result was a sparse tree stand and kept some parts of the forest, almost completely destroyed by wild ungulates, significantly reduced the number of other animals.
The organization Reserve «Forest on the Vorskla»
directly connected with the name of Professor Sergei Ivanovich Malyshev .
A native of Kursk province, educated and taught in Yuriev (now Tartu) and St. Petersburg State University, Serey Ivanovich in 1919 in the direction of Natural Science Institute.
PFLesgaft (Petrograd) moved to the village Borisovka to organize zoopsychological station.
The implementation of this task in connection with the civil war, famine and devastation delayed, but even after the organization of the station SI kids remain at least until 1925, its only full-time employee in the position of the head.
Despite all the difficulties of the time, Sergei Ivanovich actively pursuing research instincts Hymenoptera and their nesting, the results of which were highly appreciated by foreign and domestic experts.
The more respect and selfless cause civil courage SI Malyshev, to take decisive steps to preserve the century of upland oak forests of the former count's Order groves.
In the archival materials and literature on the historiography of the Conservation of Nature and Natural Reserves contains a lot of myths and contradictions, which are explained as objective (loss of part of the archival materials, the lack of status of a scientific discipline, terminological confusion, and so on. D.) And subjective (ideologisation society, political situation, and so on. n.) reasons.
The twenties of the last century - the most typical in this respect to the historiography of nature conservation period.
In the literature and archival material organization Reserve «Forest on the Vorskla» is dated in the range of 1920-1925, the city mention of the existence of the reserve since 1920, is contained in a memorandum to the project aimed Head.
Department of Nature Conservation VT Ter-Oganesova secretariat Glavnauka about additions network budget subordinate institutions in 1925-1926 fiscal year.
It is widely believed the organization of the Forest on the Vorskla River in 1922.
The establishment of the reserve in 1923 indicates Severtsov S. (1929).
In Forest Encyclopedia (1985) and the Soviet Encyclopedic Dictionary (1987) Organization of the Forest on the Vorskla dates back to 1924 year.
Finally, 1925 is specified in the manuals on the design of nature reserves and national nature reserves in the RSFSR (1973), other studies Shtilmark FR (1978, 1995).
Since the General Administration of scientific institutions (Glavnauka) of the People's Commissariat of Education (Narkompros) February 28, 1924 entrusted zoopsychological station in the village Borisovka duty to protect Reserve «Forest on Vorskla» (GA RF, F. A-2307, Op. 9, D. 232, L. 78), information SA Severtsov (1929) on the decision of the People's Commissariat its establishment in 1923, certainly deserves attention.
In 1924 - 1925 fiscal year, the People's Commissariat for the first time, grants for the maintenance of the reserve, including the hiring of workers (managers, forest guards).
In 1925 he was also made-to-transmit 2 of the 4 quarters with centuries-old oaks preserved sites Tracts «Grove Customized» from Novoborisovckogo Forestry Reserve «Forest on the Vorskla».
Becoming Reserve took place in rather difficult conditions.