Among the unique natural complex of the reserve, a number of objects have a special aesthetic, scientific and conservation value.
Shumilikha - the southernmost river reserve.
Boundary of the reserve runs along the watershed ridge of its left bank.
The length of the river - about 12 km.
Source of the river begins at an altitude of about 2000 m n.y. m touching short supply, the closing three penalties near the main watershed ridge Barguzin range, which in this part of the reserve is most closely suited to Baikal.
The formation of the profile of the river valley greatly influenced ancient glaciation, define it stepped structure.
When crossing the river one of these "steps" - Cross a rocky ledge at the bottom of the glacial valley - bolts, formed a beautiful waterfall.
A lot of work on the creation of unique glacier cirque lakes, well-preserved ensemble of bottom, side and end moraines.
By geomorphological visibility Valley Shumilikha can be attributed to the "geology textbooks" ;. The combination of all these factors determined the decision to lay here cognitive ecological path for visitors to the reserve.
Since the source of the river lie relatively close to the lake, then climb to the upper and back down to Lake Baikal in just one day, become acquainted with the all natural waist Barguzin range.
The sand dunes in the estuary.
Location: between the mouths of the rivers and Kudaldy Shumilikha in the southern part of the reserve.
For a sandy beach that ends high two and a half meter storm shaft is widely reduced space, composed of a system of more than 20 shallow sandy ancient trees, representing the first terrace lake Baikal.
They contain valuable information about the rhythmic level fluctuations of Lake Baikal in the late Holocene.
At present, the dunes are covered with pine elfin intermittent rare larches, wild rose bushes.
Here geobotanist LN Tyulin highlighted typical plot of the characteristic only for the north-eastern part of the coast of Lake Baikal "false-subalpine" vegetation belts.
On the ground of the lake shore shaft population grows cherepoplodnika schetinistovatogo - endemic to the coast of Lake Baikal.
The mountain lakes in the valley.
Location: River valley.
Picturesque little lower moraine lake, 6 km from the shore of Lake Baikal, 700 m above sea level.
m), with crystal clear water, with round moraine boulders, outstanding out of the water, and a small island on the middle.
Second, the upper moraine lake lies in the open coast 11 km from the lake, 1,100 meters above sea level.
m., and is connected to the groove-Ozerkov the third lake, shaped like a horseshoe.
It is surrounded by kurumnikami, including some areas where low lurking offshore.
Even higher on the slope of a deep-pocket square is the fourth lake Shumilikha, surrounded on all sides almost vertically hanging walls of the circus, at the foot of which the colossal cones rise blocky debris-debris.
The waterfall on the river.
On the tenth mile from the shore of Lake Baikal, at an altitude of 1000 m above sea level.
m. The valley Shumilikha completely blocks a high crossbar, merging in which, the river forms a picturesque waterfall - a favorite place for tourists.
With a powerful roar, repeatedly reinforced the mountain echo, aqueous stream rushes down the incredibly scenic "kinky" rocks, polished ice, leaving behind a trail of iridescent mist.
Plateau Zarodnoe - relict river valley.
Location: left bank of the river.
Big, mean flow.
At an altitude of 900 meters above the lake and 400 m above the bottom of the bed of the great river, the ancient cross-cutting reserve Valley length of about 12 km.
The northern slope of the plateau Zarodnogo, who is also the top of the left side of river.
Much is a rocky ridge, called originated - a triangular prism with granite smooth and sharp ridges, steep slopes and smooth.
Throughout the region Barguzinsky no other mountains such extremely regular geometric shape.
Characteristically, the remains of an ancient river network - Hanging Valley rivers Upper and Lower Zarodnyh preserved after tectonic disturbances that led to the formation of Davshinsko-Bolsherechensky depression.
In the distant geological past p.
Most flowed over the surface of the intermountain jumper placed between the middle and northern basin of Lake Baikal.
The wide (up to 3km) bottom plateau occupied by end moraines are landed here from the side troughs.
Between the moraine hills lie numerous moraine lakes.
The waterfall on the river.
Location: mountain range & quot; & quot ;, was born left side valley.
Large, 30km from the coast of Lake.
River Bottom Zarodnaya, which runs on a hanging valley in the western
direction, cuts deeply into the shoulder when entering Davshinsko-Bolsherechensky lowlands, forming a beautiful waterfall.
Its height is 15 m. It is the only large waterfall, located in the lower part of the mountain forest belt.
Hanging Valley key Zhigun (local name)
Location: River valley.
Tarkulik, 24km from the shore of Lake Baikal, the upper right tributary of the river.
The ancient riverbed - a picturesque hanging valley at an altitude of 800-1000 m above sea level.
m., which has a similar origin Zarodnomu plateau, has an inclination towards the lake.
A small key Zhigun flowing in the upper part of the valley, a cascade terminates in the district.
Meander on the river.
Location: lower reaches of.
Large, 26 km from the shore of Lake.
When entering the Davshinsko-Bolsherechensky lowland river meanders.
Steep right bank up to the water's edge complex silty-clay deposits, indicating that the former here once moraine-dam lake.
Meander on the river.
Much, perhaps most noteworthy place Bolsherechensky trails.
By definition, the famous traveler, journalist, scientist-hunters, who gave many years of work on the lake and travel on it, OK Gusev this place can be considered one of the most charming corners of Lake Baikal.
Once Oleg Konstantinovich gave him the name "Eternal Rest" ;. That's how he describes this place: "a cliff high river terrace overlooking the huge bowl of a mountain valley, and on its bottom, forming a nearly closed ring is amazing beauty and grace river bend.&Quot;
Location: A group of four lakes in the valley.
Most in 25-27 km from the coast of Lake Baikal.
Moraine lakes of glacial origin, are in an intensive phase of overgrowing, there is a possibility of heating the thermal waters.
The largest, up to 1 km Lake.
Sandy Karasev - the locus of lilies quadrilateral) and an ordinary snake habitats listed in the Red Book of the Republic of Buryatia.
The most significant part of the population lilies quadrangular - Karasev on Moss Lake in small & quot; windows & quot;
among peat quagmire on its shores.
The name of lakes due to the large number of carp that live here.
Hariusovye & nbsp;
Location: group of two lakes in the middle reaches of the river valley.
Large, 45km from the coast of Lake Baikal.
Lake - oxbow origin, located in the extended part of the river valley, once occupied by the ancient dammed lake at the base of the array was born.
Shore difficult passable - littered with the dead from the frequent avalanches forest.
The lake is grayling.
In the taiga the foothills of the stunning creations of nature - the thermal springs, the exit site are located in the valleys of the rivers Davsha, Tarkulik, Large, and Ezovka - within Davshinsko-Bolsherechensky depression, its root slopes, and are fracture-vein type.
All outputs of thermo-mineral springs - evidence of major tectonic disturbances late Tertiary.
Location: near the mouth of the river.
Davsha, on the northern outskirts of the village.
Davsha, 70m from the shore of the lake.
At one time, this source has been landscaped and for many years served as a staff reserve.
Easily accessible, with water temperature 42-43 C, it is as if specially designed for the needs of the person.
Source refers to the type of nitrogen Goryachinsk sulfate-sodium thermal waters.
It is assumed that part of the water under the loose deposits flows into the lake on Indigenous box.
Location: A group of outputs of thermal waters in the valley.
Most in its middle reaches.
This place - an oasis in a vast sea of ??harsh mountain taiga.
Already on the way to his smell of hydrogen sulfide notifies the presence here of the thermal output.
Original and vegetation of this unique place.
In a clearing in the floodplain densely grown fern bracken, sometimes reaching a height of a man, and the high bird cherry bushes.
Above the keys on the side of the river terraces, completely overgrown with ferns Cupe?o Language and grow some hawthorn bushes, which in other places north-east of the Baikal region is not found.
Impressive giant aspen, spruce, fir, cedar trees growing on the heated terrace keys.
There are several species found relics preserved as expected with the pre-glacial era, and plants Central European flora: paportnichek-uzhovnik, collina violet.
Here zoologists marked thermophilic patterned runner, entomologists - South European species of dwarf dragonfly.
follows heated underground fire water in different ways - some exits small term and gases has originated in the very bed of the river, some exits are located along its banks.
Just on the right bank of the river found at least 12 sources and 4 on the left.
The temperature of the water in the springs ranges of 25-60 C, reaching a maximum of 74.5 C. Water sources are characterized by sodium sulphate composition.
Bolsherechensky group of terms is included in the Baikal region nitrogen term allinskogo type.
Location: Group of 3 picturesque sources on the left bank of the river.
Ezovka with sodium bicarbonate-sulfate water allinskogo type.
The first source is located 5 km from the lake, three wide griffins emerging from the floodplain terraces in close proximity to the river, the temperature of 23 C. The second source is located 15 km from the lake, on the first terrace of the river, flows from the foot of the slope about 1.5 km
from the bank.
The source has several outlets within the area of ??4 square meters.
m, spreading across the plain, forming a small lake the size of 40x40 meters with a maximum depth of about 2 m. In the summer the surface of the lake is fully tightened blanket of algae.
The most peculiar third source, located 17 km from the shore of Lake Baikal in a swampy area occupied by dense spruce-fir taiga, 500 meters from the foot of the mountains - the left side of the river valley.
The key is born in the elliptical recess - Ozerkov area of ??about 10 square meters, a depth of 20-30 cm, which implies a trickle 50 cm wide and 3 cm deep, flowing into the river.
The water temperature in Ozerkov 29 C.
Karst phenomena in the river valleys and South Davsha Birikan
Interestingly, the only one of its kind in the whole phenomenon Barguzin range.
Location: River valley.
Davshe, 20 km from the river BaykalaLozhe Davsha are completely partitioned by huge boulders the size of a rock.
At this point the river disappears into sinkholes under the stone, and with a wild roar pulled out from under him on the other side after 200 m. The depth of the crater 7 meters, diameter of 1.5-2 m.
This karst phenomena is in a nearby river South Birikan.
15 km from the shore of Lake Baikal pretty fast stream suddenly ceases surface current, disappears into sinkholes and appears only after 500 m, where the narrow river bed expands, forming an oval-shaped lowering Z km long and 2 km wide, highly rugged network of small
Here come to the surface water of the underground river area.
"The Valley of seven lakes"
Location: the origins of the Small Key (left tributary of the river. Large), about 30 km from the shore of Lake Baikal.
Amazing beauty ensemble of 7 lakes of glacial origin lying in carts at an altitude of 1400-1500 m above sea level.
m. in the spur of the Barguzin range.
The valley is closed on three sides with a watershed Brookvalley Nightingale, Tarkulik river, the river Davsha, key three bears.
From the valley follows cl.
Small, which then flows into the river.
Most in its middle reaches.
Location: 7 km south of the village.
Cape far advanced in the lake, is a spur of the Barguzin range delimiting Davshinsko-Bolsherechensky plain on one side and Tarkuliksko-Sosnowski plain on the other.
As a result of intensive destruction of the waters of the lake shoreline at Cape Valukan broken into tiny coves separated by rocky flat of the toe.
Toes end ridges of rocks and reservoir yields separateness amphibole gneiss and granite.
Characteristically, due to frequent frost weathering bedrock crumble, forming a rough grussy material that fills the gaps between the boulders, so the beach in some places, acquires the character of a cobblestone street.
Chayachi Islands (local name)
Location: 2 km south of Cape Valukan, 300 meters from the shore.
Three small pebble island, only in the waters of Lake Baikal within the reserve formed by the accumulation of material brought by coastal currents at the point at the bottom of the shallow coves of Cape Valukan crystalline rocks.
One of them is only visible in low water, the other island ends oblique described by ID Range, now considerably blurred.
These islands was chosen for nesting colony of common terns.
Location: right bank of the river.
Boar, in its lower reaches - 4 km from the shore of Lake Baikal.
Moraine lake cozy triangular area of ??about 2 square miles, with a picturesque zimovёm ashore.
The top layer of the lake water in summer warms up well.
Fish in the lake.
Moose is not usual, but it was chosen for its nesting loons, filling in the evening and the morning dawn air surrounding taiga their mysterious cries.
Moose Lake is located in the zone of terminal moraine deposits, 600 m above sea level.
m., is connected with Lake Baikal stream.
Despite the rapid development of industry in Russia in the late XIX - early XX centuries, the export of furs was a substantial source of income of the state.
In addition, job hunting gave a large percentage of the population of Siberia.
Therefore, it is clear that the catastrophic decline of the sable, the main commercial species, in this period, and bothered scientists and officials, and government, and of course, people who in one way or another connected with sable fishing.
So, about the disastrous state of the fishery and reported in the statement of the Irkutsk governor - general, the effects of which have been & quot; Council of Ministers of 16 April 1912 on the occasion of Imperial Emperor marks on most loyal report Irkutsk Governor General for the years 1910-1911 & quot ;.
This ruling was & quot;: of the urgent release of so-called protected areas & quot;
for the protection of sable.
Thus, it is & quot; highest instructions & quot;
Tsar Nicholas II and the Council of Ministers on 16 April 1912 marked the beginning of many years of work to save the sable and the establishment of the state system of reserves in Russia.
To implement & quot; Project survey sable regions of Russia in 1913-1915 years & quot;
organized & quot; sable & quot;
expedition to Siberia and Kamchatka.
Their task was to survey habitats sable, the search for optimal sites for the creation of reserves and their projects.
Experience the works of these expeditions - a wonderful example of research on the organization reserves.
At the organization of & quot; sable reserves & quot;
laid the fundamental principles that now form the basis of the concept of & quot; & quot ;: Reserve reserves should be permanent, that is established forever, reserves have to study objects of protection, that is to be research institutions, reserves should be of national importance.
Given the exceptional value of dark sable fur-barguzintsa dwelling on the western slopes of the Barguzin ridge expedition led by George G. Doppelmaira was tasked to examine this Podlemorskuyu territory (from the Holy Nose Peninsula Lake Frolikha).
In its composition, except GG Doppelmaira, the entrance to the Zabelina, ZF Svtosh, AD Baturin, D. N. Alexandrov.
Almost two years in 1914-1916g.
In difficult conditions, scientists conducted a serious survey work - studied Barguzin sable, sable condition of the fishery, the surveyed area.
Based on the materials of the expedition May 17, 1916 Irkutsk Governor-General issued a decree on the organization of the Barguzin sable reserve, and December 29, 1916, the document was approved by the Russian government.